Let us consider an example with the appeal against the decision of the court of first instance in a civil case. This will appeal against the decision of the magistrate (the law of the international judges hear divorce cases, if there is no dispute about the children, the case of determining the order of use of property, cases on property disputes, except cases of inheritance, and some others, as listed in article 23 of the Civil procedure code) or the decision rendered by the district court. There are two procedures for appealing against decisions of the court of appeal and cassation.
The magistrates can be appealed to the district court of appeal through a magistrate. This means that the appeal must be brought to the office of that magistrate who heard your case initially. The appeal is filed within 10 days from the date of the decision of the world judge. Such a complaint should contain the name of the district court, in which it is addressed, the name or the name of the person filing the complaint, the indication of the contested decision with justification, the merits of the request and list of documents attached (receipt for payment of the state fee, a copy of the complaint to others involved in the case. The magistrate checks the complaint for compliance with its content the requirements of the law, shall circulate copies to others involved in the party and after a 10-day appeal deadline passes in district court.
After considering the appeal, the district court may leave the decision of the world judge without change, modify the decision of the magistrate, cancel it in part or make a new decision. The court may also leave the application without consideration or terminate the proceedings. The appeal decision shall enter into force on the day of its adoption.
If the first instance court in your case was the district court then you may file an appeal to the next court - regional, regional court, court of the Republic, depending on the region. The content of the appeal about the same contents of the appeal, with the only difference that it is required to attach documents proving their position. District court sends copies to others involved in the party and after a 10-day appeal deadline passes in district court.
Following the hearing of the appeal, the court may leave the decision of the court of first instance without change, cancel in whole or in part, to send the case for retrial to the first instance court for a new decision on their own, to leave the statement without consideration or to stop manufacture on business. The appeal decision, and the appellate decree shall enter into force upon its adoption.
Entered into force of the decision and determination can be appealed as supervision in the Supreme courts within six months. This also requires file a complaint indicating infringement by courts of previous instances. The Supervisory-instance court shall consider the complaint within one month (excluding the Supreme Court) and to make a determination on the transfer for consideration or about refusal in it. In case of transfer for consideration, the court must decide within one month of the resolution which cancels rulings of courts of previous instances in whole or in part, to direct business on new consideration, to leave in force one of the resolutions, adopt a new judicial decision. The court of Supervisory instance may also leave the application without consideration or terminate the proceedings. A Supervisory instance court resolution shall take effect from the date of its adoption.