Advice 1: How to learn to speak in sign language

According to experts, a unified theoretical and methodological framework for the study of sign language does not yet exist. However, learning sign language can be either in special courses or independently. The first option available to few, as these establishments, where everyone is taught to speak in sign language, very little. As for the second track, everything will depend on the strength of your desire and persistence.
How to learn to speak in sign language
As you know, learning a language always starts with theory. Therefore, in the first stages of learning sign language you will need to acquire self-help books. With their help, you can learn the theoretical foundations that are necessary for language proficiency at basic, that is primary level. In sign language the basics are the alphabet and actual words.

How to learn to speak in sign language?

If you want to learn to speak sign language, you need to have a minimum vocabulary. In sign language, almost any word can Express a specific gesture. Learn the most common words that people use in daily life and also learn to pronounce simple phrases.

For this purpose perfect online dictionaries: the speaker shows a gesture corresponding to the word, and proper articulation. Such dictionaries can be found on websites devoted to learning sign language. But you can use dictionaries and the format of the books. However, there you will see the gestures only in pictures, but it is not so visual way of learning words.

To talk in sign language, you will also need to learn the manual alphabet. It consists of 33 gestures, each corresponding to a letter of the alphabet. In conversation, the manual alphabet is used not often, but know it still need: alphabetic gestures used in the pronunciation of new words for which there are no special gestures and proper names (names, surnames, names of settlements etc.).

Once you master the theoretical part, i.e. learn the alphabet of deaf-mutes, and will possess a basic vocabulary, you will need to find a way to communicate with native speakers, with which you will train your conversational skills.

Where you can practice sign language?

It is important to understand that to learn to speak in sign language without practice is an impossible task. Only in the process of real communication, you can learn skills at a level to understand sign language and be able to explain.
So, where you can talk with native speakers of sign language? Primarily it's all kinds of online resources: social networks, thematic forums and specialized sites, the audience that are hard of hearing or deaf. Modern means of communication allow you to communicate with native speakers without leaving your home.

You can go for more complex but also more effective ways. Find out if your city, special schools for the deaf, or any other community, hard of hearing and deaf people. Of course, to become a full member of such organization hearing person is not able. But it is possible if you learn sign language, not for pleasure, but to communicate with someone from your family. In addition, you can enroll as a volunteer in a boarding school for deaf children. There you immerse yourself in the language environment, so as to be able to communicate closely with native speakers of the language. And at the same time to do good things – usually, the volunteers at such places are always needed.

Advice 2: How to learn to speak Tatar

The Tatar language has greatly enriched his vocabulary of the Russian language. And at the same time he took himself from the Russian. In addition, the Tatar has a logical structure. Therefore, to understand and learn to communicate it simply.
How to learn to speak Tatar
You will need
  • - computer with Internet access;
  • speakers or headphones;
  • Russian - Tatar and Tatar-Russian dictionary;
  • Skype.
Learn the basics of the Tatar language, learn the most simple and common words (hi, bye, Mama, Papa, thank you, etc.) Every day, systematically learning new words will greatly enhance your vocabulary. In addition, you will find a relationship between many Russian and Tatar words. At this stage it is important to have an understanding of the grammar of the language. Without awareness of grammatical features of the language, further study of the Tatar language can take a lot of time and become useless memorization of words, sentences, expressions.
Be sure to practice listening. Listen to music in the Tatar language, watch films, broadcasts, etc. This will allow your ear to get used to the sound of the foreign language, to identify and better remember the already known words. At the initial stage, it is desirable to have a text that you are listening to. In the future this need will disappear.
Read in the Tatar language. Reading stimulates a deeper memorization of words and understanding of the logic and structure of language. Thus, you will meet with many stable expressions. On the Internet there are a large number of materials (books, Newspapers, journals, publications) in the Tatar language.
Get to know the Tatar culture, traditions and customs. It is impossible to speak without knowledge of the Tatar culture of the people. Without knowing the specifics of communication and accepted norms of behavior and etiquette, you can get into silly, and sometimes even unpleasant situation associated with differences in linguistic thinking.
Communicate with native speakers. There's nothing more effective in language learning than language practice. Go to a remote Tatar village, where you will not have other exit, except for direct interaction with the Tatars. If you do not have the opportunity to visit the Republic of Tatarstan, to find interlocutors can from home. On that computer, install the Skype program, find native speakers of the Tatar language and communicate with them in real time.
Useful advice
For best results you do a language at least 30 minutes daily.

Advice 3: How to learn to speak Armenian

To learn how to speak any foreign language, you need to make the maximum amount of effort. The same goes for Armenian, as one of the representatives of the Indo-European family of languages.
How to learn to speak Armenian
You will need
  • computer;
  • - Internet;
  • - cash.
Start to familiarize themselves with the Armenian language. Go to "learn Armenian". There you can find everything you need to start: alphabet, read the rules, description, grammar and spelling. Learn to read the language, learn all presented rules. Only then start speaking simple phrases.
Use the tutorial for initial training. On the same website there is a tutorial for learning the Armenian language. The weakness of this approach of training is that you will not be able to quickly learn to speak. Although, in this type of training, you will not depend on anyone, and to comprehend the language.
Sign up for language courses. This is best done in Yerevan or other Armenian city. This approach is one of the most productive, because you can immerse yourself in the language environment and to study speaking under the supervision of an experienced teacher. This effect is almost impossible to achieve on their own.
Find a private tutor and tailor-make a training schedule. Work with the teacher one on one will help you to achieve the desired result in the shortest possible time. You would have to decide how quickly you move through the program. Tell me what you want to do the release. The teacher will select the appropriate material you will learn how in lesson and at home.
Improve your skills when dealing with representatives of the Armenian language. Once you are able to speak simple phrases, find yourself a circle of communication with native speakers. Now in our country there are Armenians who speak Russian, and Armenian.
Communicate with them on the Internet or in person. Online you can find social groups, or to talk on Skype. But the best way to improve your skills while communication live. If you have the opportunity, visit Armenia for a while and practice the conversation with everyone she can.

Advice 4: How to learn sign language

The language of gestures is a nonverbal way of communication hard of hearing people. This is the use of hand gestures in combination with body position, facial expressions and the shape of the lips.
How to learn sign language
It should be noted that sign language is not universal for all languages of the world. Have a non-verbal language in each country has its own that do not coincide with other alphabet and dictionary. In the beginning, by the way, have to learn it the alphabet (in this case, it's a dactyl), although in colloquial speech the gesture will mean not the letter, and the word or phrase. But those who have already mastered sign language, I advise you to do so. Moreover, that study will have to spend a couple of days. Three or four will be spent on the development of addresses, numbers, measures, time, grammar.
To learn the basic gestures used, we can say on the Internet various allowances, books. However, a much faster and easier you can learn sign language, if you learn using video tutorials. In a lot of them can be found on sites devoted to the study of gestures. As a rule, all of the material there is divided into themes. In the first lessons, you will learn about the everyday, commonly used words. Each lesson touches upon a subject, for example, family. The teacher will teach you such words as mother, father, child, and many others.
When you have accumulated a base, you can move on to more difficult subjects: the expression of feelings, emotions, relationships, health, medicine, travel. natural phenomena, politics, justice, laws, religion and trade. It should be noted that any word that you will need, you will be able to quickly find this website through alphabetical index or the search bar.
Some of these services offer more and some content (articles), which maybe clearer and faster to understand than live and think as people for whom the gift of sound - unattainable wealth. In addition, you can develop an understanding of the psychology of deaf people and subtleties of sign language.

Advice 5: How to communicate with deaf

Human speech is a means of communication, addressed to the ear, and to fully absorb it only through hearing. If a person is born deaf or loses hearing in early childhood, the development of speech is extremely difficult, and deafness develops in deaf-mutism.
Communication through manual alphabet
With any disability, in the case involving compensatory mechanisms: the absence or weakness of one function kompensiruet at the expense of others. People with severe hearing impairments are communication, addressed to the vision. This use a "tool" that is always "in-itself".

The deaf communicate with each other

Deaf people use two types of sign systems – manual alphabet and sign it.

Manual alphabet is a system of manual signs corresponding to the letters. Hand clenched, denotes the letter "a", the palm with straightened fingers clenched and set aside a large "b", etc. Such alphabets vary from language to language. In some countries (e.g. UK) dactylium two hands.

Russian manual alphabet involves dactyladenia one hand (often used right, but that principle does not matter). Arm is bent at the elbow, the hand is in front of the chest.

In sign language gestures do not represent individual letters or sounds, but entire words and concepts. There are sign languages that emerged in the communication of deaf people that are structurally different from verbal languages, and caliraya sign it, reproducing the structure of verbal. It's kind of "bridge" between sign language and the language of the listener.

Deaf typically use sign language as main, and manual – as a support, labeling it the names, titles, technical terms – in short, all that which no concepts-gestures.

Communication deaf hearing

Deaf people do not live in isolation from the "world of hearing", and to be integrated in this "world" of children before entering kindergarten.

Deafness is extremely rare total. In most cases, a person has residual hearing, which is open on certain frequencies and at very high volume. These people are heavy duty with a hearing aid. Full-fledged to hear this, but a certain percentage of auditory information, the person still receives. During class the child wear headphones with powerful sound enhancement.

Teachers of the deaf (teachers and educators working with deaf children) use all available "information channels" to "reach out" to the child's brain. Children early learn to read. In specialized kindergartens all actions are accompanied by a demonstration of signs with words and phrases. Appearing in kindergarten, the child must take the sign "Hello" and leaving "Bye," after eating "Thank you", etc. Demonstration of the plates combined with gestures, dactyladenia. Teaching the child the manual alphabet, the teacher teaches him to fold lips, respectively, the letters, puts his hand to the cheek, throat or nose, the child felt the vibration.

Thanks to these efforts, most children are able to develop to a certain extent even a sound. They say such people slurred their speech different in tone, but if you want you can understand them. Such people are able to read lips, which allows them to understand hearing. Communicating with deaf or hard of hearing person, can not turn away or cover your mouth.

Still, the communication of the deaf people with hearing remains difficult. In everyday life such people are usually using notes. In some cases, deaf people are helped by sign language interpreters. The need for their services arises when the deaf go to the doctor, give evidence to the police or in court, dealing with officials. Currently, there are even Orthodox churches, where worship services are held with the participation of the interpreter. Unfortunately, the number of sign language interpreters in the Russian Federation small: 1,000 deaf people, has only three sign language interpreters. The solution to this problem – in the future.
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