Advice 1: How to learn to speak in sign language

According to experts, a unified theoretical and methodological framework for the study of sign language does not yet exist. However, learning sign language can be either in special courses or independently. The first option available to few, as these establishments, where everyone is taught to speak in sign language, very little. As for the second track, everything will depend on the strength of your desire and persistence.
How to learn to speak in sign language
As you know, learning a language always starts with theory. Therefore, in the first stages of learning sign language you will need to acquire self-help books. With their help, you can learn the theoretical foundations that are necessary for language proficiency at basic, that is primary level. In sign language the basics are the alphabet and actual words.

How to learn to speak in sign language?



If you want to learn to speak sign language, you need to have a minimum vocabulary. In sign language, almost any word can Express a specific gesture. Learn the most common words that people use in daily life and also learn to pronounce simple phrases.

For this purpose perfect online dictionaries: the speaker shows a gesture corresponding to the word, and proper articulation. Such dictionaries can be found on websites devoted to learning sign language. But you can use dictionaries and the format of the books. However, there you will see the gestures only in pictures, but it is not so visual way of learning words.

To talk in sign language, you will also need to learn the manual alphabet. It consists of 33 gestures, each corresponding to a letter of the alphabet. In conversation, the manual alphabet is used not often, but know it still need: alphabetic gestures used in the pronunciation of new words for which there are no special gestures and proper names (names, surnames, names of settlements etc.).

Once you master the theoretical part, i.e. learn the alphabet of deaf-mutes, and will possess a basic vocabulary, you will need to find a way to communicate with native speakers, with which you will train your conversational skills.

Where you can practice sign language?



It is important to understand that to learn to speak in sign language without practice is an impossible task. Only in the process of real communication, you can learn skills at a level to understand sign language and be able to explain.
So, where you can talk with native speakers of sign language? Primarily it's all kinds of online resources: social networks, thematic forums and specialized sites, the audience that are hard of hearing or deaf. Modern means of communication allow you to communicate with native speakers without leaving your home.

You can go for more complex but also more effective ways. Find out if your city, special schools for the deaf, or any other community, hard of hearing and deaf people. Of course, to become a full member of such organization hearing person is not able. But it is possible if you learn sign language, not for pleasure, but to communicate with someone from your family. In addition, you can enroll as a volunteer in a boarding school for deaf children. There you immerse yourself in the language environment, so as to be able to communicate closely with native speakers of the language. And at the same time to do good things – usually, the volunteers at such places are always needed.

Advice 2 : How to learn sign language

You want to learn the language of gestures just out of curiosity? Or for you it is vital to communicate with a loved one? In any case, you can always find like-minded people and on the Internet, and in real life.
How to learn sign language
Instruction
1
If you know good English language (and in this case, the repeater will not be enough), go to one of the English sites (for example, www.handspeak.com), devoted not only to languagefrom gestures, but for all the difficulties faced daily by deaf people. It is possible that after reading through these websites, you will realize that the language of gestures is not child's play and to treat people who are unable to communicate with the world by other means, it is necessary carefully as possible.
2
Unfortunately, such Russian sites almost none. Recently, however, enthusiasts maintained several blogs and languagefrom gestures, and the problems of adaptation of deaf-mutes. One of them http://jestov.net. On this website you can find practical guide to mastering this languageand to read the news and leave their comments about the reading.
3
Buy textbook of dactylology. These books are now rarely seen available for sale (except that tutorials representing partial and truncated information on languagee gesture). So you will need to order it in one of the online stores or contact a major book center and, after reviewing the catalog, make a request.
4
Buy textbook of dactylology. These books are now rarely seen available for sale (except that tutorials representing partial and truncated information on languagee gesture). So you will need to order it in one of the online stores or contact a major book center and, after reviewing the catalog, make a request. So, it is possible to order the recently published dictionary of languageand gestures, containing nearly 1800 items. Do not assume that in this languagee and in fact there is a number of gestures. The fact that many of the concepts – composite. For example, 2 gesture: "man" and "marry" refer to the word "husband". Therefore, in the study it is necessary to acquire the skill of separating connotations (the word in context, his emotional aspect, etc.) and denotation (direct meaning).
5
Contact the deaf society (deaf Society in Ukraine and Belarus) to order the textbook through them or to enroll in courses that are periodically organized by the activists of the society, for those who have decided to learn this language. Please note: for healthy people, the training is carried out only on a paid basis. If you live in Moscow, contact a special center for the study of languageand gestures.
6
Go to one of the social networks and find the already registered group involved in the study of languageand gestures, or organize your.
7
Buy DVD course of learning languageand gestures, issued specifically for hearing people wanting to study it. It also contains about 1,800 of the most common gesturesneeded for communication in everyday life.

Advice 3 : How to learn sign language

The language of gestures is a nonverbal way of communication hard of hearing people. This is the use of hand gestures in combination with body position, facial expressions and the shape of the lips.
How to learn sign language
Instruction
1
It should be noted that sign language is not universal for all languages of the world. Have a non-verbal language in each country has its own that do not coincide with other alphabet and dictionary. In the beginning, by the way, have to learn it the alphabet (in this case, it's a dactyl), although in colloquial speech the gesture will mean not the letter, and the word or phrase. But those who have already mastered sign language, I advise you to do so. Moreover, that study will have to spend a couple of days. Three or four will be spent on the development of addresses, numbers, measures, time, grammar.
2
To learn the basic gestures used, we can say on the Internet various allowances, books. However, a much faster and easier you can learn sign language, if you learn using video tutorials. In a lot of them can be found on sites devoted to the study of gestures. As a rule, all of the material there is divided into themes. In the first lessons, you will learn about the everyday, commonly used words. Each lesson touches upon a subject, for example, family. The teacher will teach you such words as mother, father, child, and many others.
3
When you have accumulated a base, you can move on to more difficult subjects: the expression of feelings, emotions, relationships, health, medicine, travel. natural phenomena, politics, justice, laws, religion and trade. It should be noted that any word that you will need, you will be able to quickly find this website through alphabetical index or the search bar.
4
Some of these services offer more and some content (articles), which maybe clearer and faster to understand than live and think as people for whom the gift of sound - unattainable wealth. In addition, you can develop an understanding of the psychology of deaf people and subtleties of sign language.

Advice 4 : How to communicate with deaf

Human speech is a means of communication, addressed to the ear, and to fully absorb it only through hearing. If a person is born deaf or loses hearing in early childhood, the development of speech is extremely difficult, and deafness develops in deaf-mutism.
Communication through manual alphabet
With any disability, in the case involving compensatory mechanisms: the absence or weakness of one function kompensiruet at the expense of others. People with severe hearing impairments are communication, addressed to the vision. This use a "tool" that is always "in-itself".

The deaf communicate with each other



Deaf people use two types of sign systems – manual alphabet and sign it.

Manual alphabet is a system of manual signs corresponding to the letters. Hand clenched, denotes the letter "a", the palm with straightened fingers clenched and set aside a large "b", etc. Such alphabets vary from language to language. In some countries (e.g. UK) dactylium two hands.

Russian manual alphabet involves dactyladenia one hand (often used right, but that principle does not matter). Arm is bent at the elbow, the hand is in front of the chest.

In sign language gestures do not represent individual letters or sounds, but entire words and concepts. There are sign languages that emerged in the communication of deaf people that are structurally different from verbal languages, and caliraya sign it, reproducing the structure of verbal. It's kind of "bridge" between sign language and the language of the listener.

Deaf typically use sign language as main, and manual – as a support, labeling it the names, titles, technical terms – in short, all that which no concepts-gestures.

Communication deaf hearing



Deaf people do not live in isolation from the "world of hearing", and to be integrated in this "world" of children before entering kindergarten.

Deafness is extremely rare total. In most cases, a person has residual hearing, which is open on certain frequencies and at very high volume. These people are heavy duty with a hearing aid. Full-fledged to hear this, but a certain percentage of auditory information, the person still receives. During class the child wear headphones with powerful sound enhancement.

Teachers of the deaf (teachers and educators working with deaf children) use all available "information channels" to "reach out" to the child's brain. Children early learn to read. In specialized kindergartens all actions are accompanied by a demonstration of signs with words and phrases. Appearing in kindergarten, the child must take the sign "Hello" and leaving "Bye," after eating "Thank you", etc. Demonstration of the plates combined with gestures, dactyladenia. Teaching the child the manual alphabet, the teacher teaches him to fold lips, respectively, the letters, puts his hand to the cheek, throat or nose, the child felt the vibration.

Thanks to these efforts, most children are able to develop to a certain extent even a sound. They say such people slurred their speech different in tone, but if you want you can understand them. Such people are able to read lips, which allows them to understand hearing. Communicating with deaf or hard of hearing person, can not turn away or cover your mouth.

Still, the communication of the deaf people with hearing remains difficult. In everyday life such people are usually using notes. In some cases, deaf people are helped by sign language interpreters. The need for their services arises when the deaf go to the doctor, give evidence to the police or in court, dealing with officials. Currently, there are even Orthodox churches, where worship services are held with the participation of the interpreter. Unfortunately, the number of sign language interpreters in the Russian Federation small: 1,000 deaf people, has only three sign language interpreters. The solution to this problem – in the future.
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