Advice 1: In some countries, the Christian religion is the state

Christianity is among the world's religions. This means that it is not confined to any one people (as, for example, the Japanese religion of Shinto) and is common among many Nations living far from the place of its origin.
Orthodoxy is the official religion of Greece
In most countries of the modern world no state religion at all: all religions (except prohibited destructive cults) are equal before the law, the state does not interfere in their Affairs. Such States are called secular, or secular. Belongs to them and the Russian Federation. From this point of view, to call Russia "an Orthodox country", and Italy "Catholic" only with the perspective of the historically established religious traditions.

But there are countries where the official status of a religion enshrined in law.

The first Christian state

Often the first state, in which Christianity acquired the status of a state religion, called Byzantium, but this is incorrect. The edict of Milan of Emperor Constantine the Great that paved the way for the establishment of Byzantium as a Christian state, refers to the year 313. But 12 years before this event – in the year 301, when Christianity was officially recognized in great Armenia.

This event contributed to the position of king Trdat III. According to legend, this king was initially determined against the Christian faith. Your approximate of St. Gregory the Illuminator, he was imprisoned for refusing to sacrifice to the goddess Anahit. Subsequently the king fell seriously ill. In the dream his sister an angel appeared and said to heal Trdat can only Grigory, and the king should become a Christian. So it happened, and Trdat III after this incident started across the country struggle with paganism.

In modern Armenia retained a special legal status of the Armenian Apostolic Church as the national religion.

The Christian state of the modern world

Christianity exists in the form of Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Protestantism.

Catholicism is a state religion in Argentina, the Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, El Salvador, and several dwarf States of Europe: Monaco, San Marino, Liechtenstein and, of course, the Vatican, the residence of the Pope.

The status of Orthodoxy as the "dominant religion" is designated in the Greek Constitution.

Lutheranism has an official status of Denmark and Iceland.

In some cases, one or another Christian denomination is the state not for the country as a whole, and for certain parts of it. Catholicism is the official religion in some cantons of Switzerland, and Anglicanism in England, but not in other parts of the United Kingdom of great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Some countries are formally secular States, but in fact, that Christian has within them a special status. The Bulgarian Constitution defines Orthodoxy as "traditional religion" of the country, and the Constitution of Georgia emphasizes the exceptional role of the Georgian Orthodox Church in Georgian history".

In Norway and Sweden, despite the separation of Church and state, the king remains the head of the Church, and in Norway the Lutheran clergy are assimilated to civil servants. In Finland, no religion is not a state, but there are special laws regulating the activities of the Lutheran Church. Similar is the case with the Orthodox Church in this country.

In Germany, the separation of Church and state, but the financial management of the Federal länder levy a tax for the benefit of religious communities. This right is enjoyed by Roman Catholic and stromatolites community, the Evangelical land Church. Tax is charged on the basis of belonging to any religious community, which is to be recorded in the passport office.

Advice 2: What religion is in Russia

In the world, according to experts, there are about 28700 religious movements and cults. But there is no accurate data, no one – not even scientists. They just can't be, because the process of formation and extinction of different beliefs permanently and probably will continue until humanity is alive. Echoes of ancient cults, extant from civilizations that lived long before us are still alive and are practiced by pagans of different countries. And the youngest religion appeared about 150 years ago in Iran. It's called Baha'i. Her followers gradually spread around the world. The followers of this religion in Russia. Although, of course, in Russia prevail two religions: Christianity and Islam.
What religion is in Russia
Christianity is one of the world's many religious groups. According to sociologists in the world by mid-2013, there were approximately 2,355 billion Christians of various denominations.
World largest denomination among the Christians is Catholic: more than 1.2 billion people. But, because Russia historically dominated by the Orthodox, Catholics across its territory is home to not more than 400-600 thousand.
Orthodoxy is the largest Christian denomination in Russia. About 70% of Russians consider themselves Orthodox. But, according to recent estimates, only 18-20 per cent comply with the canons and reading the New Testament, not to mention the Bible, at times less.
The second largest religion professed by the people of Russia – Islam. In recent years, according to a poll conducted by the Levada center, among the Russian citizens there is a tendency of growth of interest and appeal to this religion. Currently, about 20 million Russian citizens call themselves Muslims.
Buddhism is one of the most ancient world religions. After Islam it is following by number of adherents among the Russians. 1.5 – 2 million people are members of Buddhist communities.
Judaism - the third largest in the world, but not in Russia. In Russia, according to the latest survey of Judaism consider themselves slightly more than 1 million citizens.
In addition to these, the most numerous religious sects on the territory of the Russian Federation also has a large number of citizens professing different branches of the dominant religions.
For example, among the Christians, besides Orthodox Russian Orthodox Church and the Catholics belong to the Roman Catholic Church, there are also Lutherans, Protestants, Greek Catholics, Armenian-Gregorian, old believers, Uniates, Baptists, and other adherents of the teachings of Christ.
Among Muslims in Russia is also home to the citizens, professing the Mohammedan different currents. The most numerous of them is the Sufis and the Salafis, a smaller share count Shia, Sunni.
Buddhists are also not United. Basic Buddhist currents are distributed on the territory of Russia: Tibetan Buddhism and Zen.
In recent years, in Russia, under the pressure of the return to traditional cultural values, began to revive the ancient Russian pagan cults: the worship of the crush nature of the gods, Perun, Dazhdbog, Stribog, Yarily.
Among the resurgent religious pagan cults on the territory of Russia it should also be noted such as: Zoroastrianism, voodoo, shamanism and other.

Advice 3: Which religion on earth was the first

According to experts, in the world there are tens of thousands of religious denominations and faiths. Many of the old forms of worship go into oblivion, giving place to new. Today historians wonder: which religion on earth was the first?
Which religion on earth was the first
All existing religious teachings are grouped in several main directions, of which the most famous are of Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism and Buddhism. The study of the history of these religions allows us to conclude that religious worship, which appeared on earth from the beginning.
The above directions can be divided into 2 groups: the "Abrahamic" and "Eastern". The latter include Hinduism, Buddhism and a number of related trends that originated in Southeast Asia. While Buddhism emerged in the 6th century BC, thus becoming the age of Confucianism, Hinduism has much more experience. Believed to be the earliest date of origin is 1500 BC However, Hinduism is not any unified system of religious teachings, as they bring together different schools and cults.
"Abrahamic" group of religions consists of three related areas: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The first two forms of worship have a common doctrinal source – the old Testament the first part of the Bible. Islam appeared in the VII century BC, took as its Foundation the Koran, which is largely based on the experience of the entire Bible including the New Testament. Unlike the "Eastern" group of religions that have many fundamental differences in the understanding and even the very existence of God, the "Abrahamic" forms of worship features the main feature of monotheism, the belief in the one and only Creator. This detail is emphasized by the name of God in the "Abrahamic" religions, for Muslims it is Allah, which indicates that the related "Elohim" in the Hebrew Scriptures, the old Testament whom God called "Jehovah" (Yahweh), which is confirmed by the Christians. The commonality of these basic doctrines and gives the opportunity to trace the historical path of the origin of the "Abrahamic" religions.
Judaism is the earliest from among the above-mentioned forms of worship. Torah - first five books of the Bible old Testament (also called the "Pentateuch"), - began to be written around 1513 BC nevertheless, this work describes in detail the formative period of mankind and the history of the origin of religion long before the Bible was written. Based on the analysis of the initial chapters of the old Testament the researchers came to the conclusion about the existence of a previous manuscript sources, on the basis of which was begun the writing of the Bible.
The Bible considerably facilitates the study of the historical background, as it contains a detailed time line. So, according to biblical chronology, Abraham, who is honored by all "Abrahamic" religions, practiced the worship of God at the turn of the 2nd and 3rd centuries BC the Famous flood, who survived the servants of God in Holy Scriptures dates back to about 2370 BC, the year According to the description the Bible for hundreds of centuries before the flood people also professed a common faith in God. In particular, the Bible quotes the words of the first woman eve, mentioning Jehovah (Yahweh) as the God who gave life to the first people on earth.
Religious and cultural impact the Bible has had on Eastern and Western civilizations, and the presence in its structure of a strict timeline with a description of the practice of the ancient world system of religious worship, distinguish the Bible from the mass of other religious documents. Today the Bible as an authoritative religious sources more than half of the inhabitants of the planet. Unlike many cults, the Bible, the fundamental, which allowed it presents the form of religion for a long time to maintain a unified system of worship to God. In turn, this helps to trace the history of the profession of faith in the God of the Bible for millennia. These circumstances allow to conclude that the first religion on earth was the one described in the Bible.

Advice 4: What types of religions there are

Religion from other social phenomena is distinguished by the belief in the supernatural, the presence of a set of spiritual and moral rules of conduct, religious rituals that unite a group of men-followers in different kinds of religious formation – the Church, the sect, current, confession, community, etc. In the modern world, there are over 5,000 religions.
Religion as hope
You will need
  • The encyclopedia "Peoples and religions of the world"
The origin of the word "religion," scientists associated with the two the Latin verb religare (to join, to bind, to reunite) and relegere (again, fear). In today's understanding of religio is godliness, piety.
In the classification of religions there are several signs. For example, religion can be alive or dead. The religious beliefs of Egypt, ancient Greece and civilization of the ancient Indians are only partly relevant, however, are preserved in myths, legends, and folk tales. Some of them have undergone transformation and have a small number of adherents. Therefore, scientists make a description of these religions in the encyclopedia and the philosophic dictionary.
In some parts of the world remain tribal religion, for example, the aborigines of Australia, Africa and Oceania. People belonging to a particular clan, believe in something that protects them and punishes a certain animal or natural phenomenon – a totem. As a totem can act and parts of animals – a turtle's head, eagle feather, etc. Totemism stands out in a separate section the classification of religions.
The next symptom in the systematization of religious beliefs and sects is a national-territorial. A striking example is India that created a huge number of religions – Sikhism, Brahmanism, Jainism, Hinduism, etc. In China is Confucianism; Zoroastrianism in Iran.
The most numerous followers in the classification list of the world's religions are: Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, Islam and Hinduism. They are distinguished by the territorial prevalence. For example, Hinduism is considered a world religion, despite the fact that its origins are in India. The Indians settled around the world, are citizens of European countries, America and Eastern countries. In fact, as Jews.
Each of the world religions has its own peculiarities. Hinduism has a huge Pantheon of gods and goddesses that are responsible for specific aspects in a person's life. Shiva, for world order (he is the Creator, he and destroyer), Ganesha – for posterity, trade, science and arts, Lakshmi – for prosperity, etc. you cannot be a Hindu in life, they can only be born.
Buddhism is the third step of the podium in the popularity of world religions. It originated in India about 600 years before the birth of Christ. Its founder, Prince Siddhartha Gautama attained enlightenment and preached the belief that a person can relieve yourself from the suffering of this world through certain spiritual practices. Made his spiritual feat, the Prince was given the name Buddha which means the enlightened one, attained Nirvana. Nowadays Buddhism has many varieties and is widely distributed throughout Asia, Southeast Asia and the Far East. The adherents of this religion in Russia. Buddhism is professed in good faith, become a Buddhist, everyone can.
Islam occupies the second position in popularity in the world. This religion originated about 600 years after the birth of the founder of Christianity, through the prophet Muhammad, who preached faith in one God, Allah. Muslims revere the Christian ancient sacred Scriptures and believe in the myth of the fall of Adam and eve. The Islamists believe that people have fallen into sin and error, and Muhammad was called by God to earth to fix the situation. With the development of society Islam, too, has undergone significant changes, there were the Shiites, Sunnis, etc. and spread around the world.
Christianity is the world's monotheistic religions-leader in number of followers, which is based on the myth of Jesus Christ, Son of God, who offered himself as a sacrifice for the sins of men. Christianity professes 2.4 billion. This is the most common religion, however, the heterogeneous and non-monolithic. First, it is divided into Catholicism, Protestantism and Orthodoxy. From Christianity stood and continue to stand out sect: Baptists, Lutherans, seventh day Adventists, Anglicanism, Pentecostalism, etc. Christianity gives believers hope for reunification with God after death, not forgiveness of sins, subject to certain ethical rules – do not kill, do not steal, do not covet, etc.
Any religion helps man in search of meaning of life and our place in this world, because it contains not only the rules and norms of behavior, but also philosophical reflections about the structure and creation of the universe. Unless, of course, this is not a fraudulent cult created for the enrichment of its founders at the expense of the followers. In a cult you can lose not only the property but also health.
Useful advice
Avoid sects that loudly promote yourself or, on the contrary, hiding under the guise of NGOs.
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