Advice 1: How is the Sunday service in the Church

On Sunday in all Orthodox churches committed special divine Liturgy. It holds a special place among all Christian churches.
Divine Liturgy
The peculiarity of the divine Liturgy that it is during this service performed the Holy sacrament of the Eucharist (communion). In this sacrament is the essence of Christianity – the restoration of the unity of man with God.

The Liturgy consists of three parts: the Offertory, the Liturgy of the catechumens and the Liturgy of the faithful.

The Liturgy of preparation

The priest and deacon before the closed Royal doors to read the prayers, called "input", then enter the altar, and put on sacred vestments.

The priest performs on five special bread – prosphora – action, symbolizing sacrifice. It was at this time takes place the transubstantiation of wine and bread become the Holy sacrament, the flesh and blood of Christ.

Concluding the Liturgy of preparation, the priest blesses the incense and asks God to bless the Holy Gifts, the bread and wine. All this time the altar is closed and the reader in the choir reads the book of hours.

The Liturgy of the catechumens

Announced called the person taking the reading of the preparation for the Sacrament of baptism, during which he learns the basics of the Christian faith. At present, people were often baptized as infants, so the question of disclosure is not put, but the title of the second part of the Liturgy is preserved. On this part of the Liturgy is allowed to attend all – both baptized and unbaptized.

"Bless, o Lord!" – proclaims the deacon. In response, the priest, remained in the altar, pronounces the words, glorifying the Holy Trinity, which finishes the chorus with "Amen."

The priest prays at the altar, the deacon urges the congregation: "the World pray to the Lord". He then utters the great ectenia, which lists various petitions to God.

The choir sings Psalms and hymns, after which the Royal gates are opened, and the priest and deacon leave the altar through the North entrance, bringing the Holy gospel. It's called "little entrance".

The choir sings a few prayers, then the priest exclaims: "let us attend!" (we listen), and begin reading excerpt from "the acts of the apostles". The priest at this time bypasses the temple, doing the censing. Then the choir sings: "Hallelujah!" and there comes the Central moment of the Liturgy of the catechumens – reading of a fragment from the gospel.

Reading follows the prayer for the living and the dead Christians.

The Liturgy of the catechumens ends with the call of the priest: "Catechumens, depart!"

The Liturgy of the faithful

To be faithful in the Liturgy can only be baptized.

This part of the service starts with reciting a short litany, after which the choir sings the Cherubic hymn". During the singing the priest and the deacon carried the Cup through the North entrance and pray for the Church hierarchs, priests, monks and all present. This is called the "great entrance".

Among the prayers that are heard during the Liturgy of the faithful, particularly two stand out: "the creed" and "Lord's Prayer" ("our father..."). The first of these is a brief summary of the Christian faith, and the second given by the Savior himself. In a sign of special honor these prayers sing not just the choir but the entire congregation with the priest at the head.

The culmination of the Liturgy of the faithful – the communion. First, at the altar partake of the priests, then carried the chalice from the altar, and begins the communion of the parishioners. First to the bowl one the children, then adults. Approaching the bowl, the Christian cross folded arms, partake of the Holy Gifts, and kissing the Cup and then go to the table to take communion diluted wine ("warmth").

Thanks to God for communion, the priest declares the end of the Liturgy with the words: "With the world sidem!", and the choir sings: "Wake the name of the Lord blessed henceforth and for ever".

As a rule, after the divine Liturgy the priest delivers a sermon. It explains in detail the contents of that passage from the gospel, which was read during the service.

Parishioners take turns coming to the priest and kiss the cross which he holds in his hands. After that, the Christians are leaving the Church.

Advice 2: How is communion in the Christian Church

"While they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessing, broke, and gave to the disciples and said, take, eat: this is My Body. And took the Cup and, giving thanks, gave it to them and said: drink from it, for this is My blood of the New Covenant, which is shed for many in remission of sins".
How is communion in the Christian Church
The sacrament imposed by the Lord on the feast of the last supper with the apostles at the last Passover the night before his arrest and crucifixion. Communion is of great importance for the Christian. During baptism, a person first joins the faith. Recommend to take communion every month, some are sacred recommendations, and some of them do not perform or perform very rarely. First of all you should think about why you want communion in the Christian Church. Communion refers to the main Church ceremony, giving food for the soul. Mooring, a Christian purifies his soul from of sins, increased faith in the Lord, created the reunion of man with nature. It is not enough just to come to Church and take communion, this process is necessary to prepare for and to believe in the reality of the situation.
2-3 days before the communion should abstain from meat, eggs, milk and dairy products, with strict fasting and fish. You need to sincerely forgive all the offenders and ask the forgiveness of all who wronged himself. You must pray morning and evening, and even better to visit in these days of Church services.
This is followed by the confession. Confession (repentance) – refers to one of the 7 Christian Sacraments in which a person confesses his sins to the priest and gets rid of them. Confession takes place in the temples in the evening after worship services or in the morning before the Liturgy in the presence of the congregation, so we need to respect the secrecy of confession, not to eavesdrop and not to confuse professing. The sacrament of Holy Communion requires a pre-purification by the Sacrament of Penance (except for children up to 7 years). It is forbidden to take communion women in menstruation and after childbirth only after the reading of prayers of purification 40 days.
After Liturgy, the communicants line up in front of the pulpit in this order: children, men, women. The priest comes out with a Bowl in her hands and humming: "the fear of God and faith start". Each suited to the Bowl, says his name and opens his mouth to put the spoon with the part of the Body and Blood. After wipe his lips with a handkerchief, to kiss the Cup and move to the table where they take the we washed it down with and eat a piece of communion bread in the mouth. Not taking back, it is impossible to venerate the icons, the gospel or the Cross. After Holy communion, parishioners pray before the end of the service of the Lord, then they split up, trying to maintain the purity of the soul as long as possible. It is desirable in this day, a little chat, to abandon the television, sexual intimacy, and to refrain from bad habits. Receive Holy communion only once a day, sick and infirm people invite the priest home with children at home did not partake.

Advice 3: What are the names of all the parts of the temple

If you got in any Orthodox Church, is not superfluous to know exactly what parts it consists of, why the need for these sacred areas, because almost each of them is the centuries-old culture and traditions of many generations of believers.
What are the names of all the parts of the temple
Interesting that the temple construction is done in three variants. can be in the form of a cross, symbolizing faith, the circle, infinity sign, octagonal Vifliemskaya stars. Every temple is covered with special gold-plated dome with a cross or crosses, addressed to and symbolizing the flame of a candle or fire, ascends heavenward.
Any temple is divided into three main parts, the first of which is "the porch" - it can be seen in the entrance. In the monasteries, for example, it was used as a refectory, the Church was widely used this area as a waiting room for the baptized, all excommunicated and repentant.
After a rabbet is "the main part", then the altar, or "Holy place", the symbol of earth and heaven, to enter where only specially authorized people. It is posted here, the main value of any of the temple - the throne, a table with Achinoam, or silk handkerchief with the image of a sacred image of Christ, and sewn here by the power of the Holy gospel, the cross, ohranyalsya, or special chest for communion of the sick. Themselves altars in the temple can be several, in this case, each of them dedicated to a particular great event or a certain Saint. The altar and the throne is separated from the main part of the Church iconostasis.
From the North wall of the altar is usually placed a particular table, the altar, it is here preparing the wine and bread for the rite of communion. This placed the chalice, the Cup to drink and paten - dish for the bread. Also on the table you can see a spear, for taking out the sacrament of bread and a deceitful, or a spoon, is intended for the actual communion.
Behind the iconostasis is also stored a variety of censers, savages and triarii two and trekhsvetnogo respectively, Rapida or special webs on the arms for illumination of the gifts.
The area directly in front of the iconostasis at the entrance to the altar is called "Solea", placed in front of her "pulpit", which literally translated from Greek means "includes". It was here, on the pulpit, towering in the middle of the Church, the priest and announces the key words that mark the beginning and end of the service.
Both moaning from the pulpit, right next to the walls, located the choir, or choir stalls, there are also banners, icons, arranged in long , attached to a pole.
Go to the iconostasis is possible only through the "Royal doors", it only has the power the priests themselves. The iconostasis, as a rule, consists of five rows or tiers, which from the bottom up are called "local", "holiday", "the Deesis", "prophetic" and "proteccin" dedicated himself to the patriarchs of the whole people , such as Abraham himself and Isaac, Noah and Jacob.

Advice 4: How is the Sunday service in the Church

In the Orthodox Church Sunday is a special day on the calendar. It is the center of all liturgical week, a special holiday, the very name of which points to the miraculous event of the Resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ. It is no coincidence that on every Sunday in the Orthodox Church is called little Easter.
How is the Sunday service in the Church

All the Orthodox Liturgy is divided into certain services of the daily round, departing at a set time. Hundreds of years of formation and development of the Orthodox Liturgy they developed the Charter defining the procedure and peculiarities of each service.

In the Orthodox Church the liturgical day begins in the evening of the day on the eve of the celebratory events. Therefore, Sunday worship begins in the temple on Saturday evening. Most often Saturday night marked departure Sunday great Vespers, Matins and first hour.

On Sunday evening among other standard hymns, the choir sings some of the verses dedicated to the risen Lord. In some temples at the end of Sunday great Vespers, performed lithium with the blessing of bread, wheat, oil (oil) and wine.

For Sunday Matins are sung the troparion of the special at one of eight voices (melodies); polyeleos performed a special hymn "Praise the name of the Lord," after which the choir sings the Sunday troparia "the Angelic Council." Sunday Matins is read special canons: the Canon of the Sunday of the precious cross and the virgin (sometimes, depending on the join order of the Sunday service with the memory of the revered Saint, canons may vary). At the end of the Matins choir sings the great doxology.

Ends Saturday evening service of the first hour, after which the priest performs the sacrament of confession for those who wish to partake of the Holy Body and blood of Christ at the Liturgy on Sunday.

In the resurrection service in the Orthodox Church begins in the morning. Usually at half past eight. First, read the continuation of the third and sixth hours, and then followed by the main worship service Sunday divine Liturgy. The very Liturgy usually starts at nine in the morning. Often in Orthodox churches on Sunday dispatched Liturgy, compiled by the great St. John Chrysostom, Archbishop of Constantinople. This rite is standard, except that the choir performs a special Sunday troparion, depending on the current voice (there are eight of them).

Usually on Sundays in the churches after the Liturgy prayer is made, during which the priest prays for the needs of the faithful people: for health, for healing in sickness, blessing in the journey, etc.

After the prayer service in the temple can be commemorated in memory of the dead and the funeral. Thus, the Church on Sunday don't forget especially to pray not only for the health of living people, but dead.

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