Classification of heart disease
Conventionally cardiovascular disease are divided into 3 groups:
- diseases that affect the valvular apparatus of the heart. This variety of congenital and acquired heart defects.
- diseases that affect the blood vessels of the heart. These include myocardial infarction, coronary artery disease, angina etc.
diseases, affecting the tissues of the membranes of the heart. These include myocarditis, endocarditis and pericarditis.
The causes of these diseases can be very different, ranging from lifestyle and ending with the defects at the genetic level.
There are more than 80 diseases of the cardiovascular system.
The most common heart disease
Hypertension (high blood pressure) amongst all heart disease is one of the leading places. This disease is dangerous in that it often leads to more serious ailments such as stroke, heart attack.
Ischemic heart disease (poor blood supply). The main cause is atherosclerosis vessels of the heart. Atherosclerosis is the buildup on the walls of the vessels that hinder the blood flow. Respectively, the heart does not receive the necessary nutrition and oxygen. The presence of atherosclerosis show blood cholesterol and sugar.
Heart failure - it is rather not a disease but a complication of most diseases of the heart. The heart becomes unable to perform its functions at full capacity (insufficient supply of blood). Moreover, heart failure can become more dangerous than the primary disease. The disease, which can lead to heart failure: myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, hypertension, cardiomyopathies etc.
The symptoms of heart failure: shortness of breath, can ledenite limbs, the liver enlarges and becomes painful around the nail phalanges cyanosis is observed. The disease will be determined by the doctor according to the cardiogram.
Myocardial infarction is the main cause of death of people with heart disease. Is characterized by the necrosis of a section of heart muscle. This can occur as a result of insufficient supply of the heart with blood and nutrients. The most common cause of this pathology is the disruption of blood flow in coronary arteries due to atherosclerosis.
Prevention of cardiovascular disease
To prevent heart disease must adhere to the following rules:
- eat right (not eat foods with lots of cholesterol and animal fats);
- to give up bad habits (alcohol and Smoking);
- to begin to deal with obesity or hypertension;
- lead an active lifestyle. Start walking before bed with a duration of 30-40 minutes. Play outdoor games, utility Cycling, swimming, skiing;
- a feeling of happiness, calmness, a sense of life satisfaction is essential for maintaining the heart healthy.