Heart disease and blood vessels
Cardiovascular disease is one of the most frequent causes of death in the world. According to who, every year from diseases of the heart and blood vessels in the world kills more than 17 million people. In Russia from cardiovascular diseases annually dies more than 1.2 million people.
To reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, it is necessary to abandon the use of tobacco, go on a healthy diet and increase physical activity.
No less dangerous are the cancer, e.g., liver cancer, lung, breast, stomach and colon. The fight against cancer is one of the most acute and pressing problems of our time. Cancer mortality is worth 2 in the world after cardiovascular pathologies. Are diagnosed annually, approximately 10 million people worldwide. Every year in Russia revealed about 500 thousand cancer patients.
Cancer is a malignant tumors and tumors that can affect any part of the human body. The main cause of death from cancer are the metastases. It is abnormal cells that grow beyond their borders and are able to penetrate into nearby body parts and organs.
The risk factors for cancer are obesity, high body mass index, lack in the diet of fresh fruits and vegetables, alcohol consumption and Smoking, lack of physical activity.
After cardiovascular and oncological diseases are diabetes. This disease ranks 3rd in mortality statistics. According to who, diabetes dies about 4.6 million people - more than from hepatitis and AIDS.
Diabetes occurs either when the pancreas does not produce needed amount of insulin or if the body is not able to cope with the processing of produced hormone that regulates blood sugar. Prevention of diabetes serve as regular physical activity, healthy eating, fighting obesity and Smoking cessation.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is next on the list of dangerous ailments. It is a lung disease in which disrupted the movement of air from the lungs. As the statistics shows, from COPD each year in the world kills more than 3 million people. The disease is considered incurable but you can slow its course. The main reason where developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is Smoking.
Intestinal infection, according to who, is one of the causes of child mortality. Every year more than 1.5 million children in the world die from this condition. At risk - children under 5 years. Its main symptom is diarrhea, is unformed or liquid stools more than 3 times a day. The child dies as a result of dehydration. The infection is transmitted through contaminated food and drinking water, from an infected person, as well as failure to observe the rules of hygiene.
Tuberculosis also belongs to deadly diseases. Each year identify from 7 to 10 million tuberculosis patients. From this disease annually kills 3 million people. This communicable disease occurs due to mycobacteria tuberculosis (Koch's Bacillus) and is transmitted by airborne droplets. The main source of infection is the sputum. Risk factors for infection are a weakened immune system, HIV, diabetes, Smoking, and malnutrition.
In addition, dangerous are hepatitis b and C. Hepatitis b is an infectious disease that affects the liver. It increases the risk of cirrhosis and liver cancer. Hepatitis b each year in the world kills more than 600 thousand people. Hepatitis C is the most common virus that affects the liver. The hepatitis C virus become infected every year 3-4 million people. More than 350 thousand of them die. Hepatitis is transmitted by sexual contact and through blood.
HIV and AIDS
HIV/AIDS die each year about 2.1 million people. The human immunodeficiency virus is considered incurable, but antiretroviral therapy enables to facilitate the course of the disease.
HIV is a disease affecting primarily the immune system, causing the person becomes vulnerable to different infections and certain types of cancer. AIDS is the last stage of HIV. Made this fatal disease through breast milk, blood, through sexual contact.
Annually in the world is more than 200 million cases of malaria. Die from the disease 660 thousand people per year. The greatest mortality is in Africa. Malaria is an infectious disease that is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected mosquitoes. This disease can be prevented and cured.
How to protect yourself from deadly diseases
To prevent such a disease, you need to:
- lead a healthy lifestyle;
- do not abuse alcohol;
- no Smoking;
- to observe rules of hygiene;
- to exercise;
- avoid promiscuity and use protection during sex;
- avoid contact with non-sterile medical instruments.
Because many diseases come from human consciousness, it is important to change your attitude to life.