Documents on real estate
Take the simplest case – the purchase or sale of an apartment or other real estate. Here it is necessary not only to find a buyer and to determine the transaction price. The long and troublesome process is waiting for an ordinary citizen in the collection of documents and certificates required for registration of the contract of sale. Of course, nowadays there are numerous real estate firms providing paid services pre-sales of the documentary preparation of the property, but the most basic legal concepts you need to know yourself.
One of the most important documents which is necessary for selling or buying any property is a cadastral passport. Without a properly executed cadastral passport is not happening none of the commercial transaction, it is necessary to obtain permission for redevelopment of residential premises and the entry into law of inheritance.
What is a cadastral passport
The name "the cadastral passport" was first announced in the Federal law "On state real estate cadastre" from 1 March 2008. In the framework of this law, intended to create a certain information resource, which should contain reliable information about absolutely all the registered objects of real estate of the Russian Federation be it residential apartments, plots of land, houses and structures, unfinished construction objects and their boundaries. Under this law, property owners to register their rights must obtain the cadastral passport. This document is an official statement from the state register of data on concrete object of real estate for registration of ownership or transactions.
Where can I obtaining a cadastral passport for
For obtaining a cadastral passport of the property owner will need to contact PUTT – project-inventory Bureau, located at the place of registration. You need to have the passport holder and the document confirming the right of ownership of the property. You should pay attention to the fact that this document has an expiration date. According to the decree of the RF government, the cadastral passport is valid for one calendar year, i.e. if the transaction was not committed before 31 December of the current year, this document will need to issue again next year if for that period the operation of real estate will be relevant.
Advice 2: Why do we need cadastral plan
The land plot will only become the real estate object and the object of civil transactions, when registered as such, i.e., included in the Unified State register of rights to immovable property and transactions with him and he will be assigned a unique inventory number. To unambiguously determine the location of the land will help the cadastral plan.
Land as property
Houses and apartments are also objects of real estate and to identify them easy to the postal address, but here is how to determine the boundaries of your land, especially when it is located, for example, in the open field? To formalize this property, you will need to prepare all the necessary documents for setting it in the cadastre. In addition to legal documents, you will need to submit to the registration authority – the territorial Department of Rosreestr cadastral passport or the landmark plan, which contains information about the ground area, the description and the drawing of its boundaries, indicating the coordinates of each turning point.
The coordinates of the turning, or nodal, points of parcel boundaries can be clearly "linked," as surveyors to the area. The plot, the coordinates of which are known, can be plotted on a map, its location can be uniquely identified, and it thus can be registered as the property with the assignment of cadastral numbers.
The information contained in the cadastral plan
Cadastral passport and boundary plans are made geodetic organization, having the admission on the production of such kind of works. To determine the coordinates of the plot the representatives of such organizations, equipped with geodetic instruments, go to the area and produce the survey. It is not only to locate, but in the actual negotiation of boundaries with adjacent land users – owners of neighbouring plots. This procedure can cause disputes between neighbours, so it is important as soon as possible to register their land and get on a landmark plan, as in the case of subsequent "overlay" of land boundaries, adjusted the boundaries, which were issued later.
Cadastral plan is a mandatory part of the cadastral passport or a survey plan and represents a scheme of land boundaries, executed on an appropriate scale. In addition to the graphical parts of the cadastral plan, these documents contain text and information from the State land cadastre: cadastral number assigned, the mailing address of the parcel, the category of land on which it is located, a permitted use, area, cadastral value, encumbrances, etc.