Thoracic surgeon – specialist in surgery, studying organs located in the chest area and around her. At different times thoracic surgeons performed surgery on the Breasts, lungs, heart, esophagus and other organs. It thoracic surgery has given impetus to the development of such separate areas as mammalogy, cardiac surgery, vascular surgery and so on.

Diseases within the scope of the thoracic surgeon

Thoracic surgeon to seek help when:

diseases of the mediastinum – mediastinitis, mediastinal cysts and tumors of the mediastinum;
- purulent diseases and tumors of the lungs;
- diseases of the thymus gland;
diseases of the esophagus – ulcer, dysphagia, esophagitis, reflux esophagitis, zheludochnokishechnogo reflux, achalasia, spastic disorders, scleroderma;
- diseases of the blood vessels and heart.

The work of the thoracic surgeon is comparable with the activity of a pulmonologist or TB. In the state tuberculosis there are always specialist thoracic areas of medicine, but its study is much broader than it seems at first glance. An experienced thoracic surgeon is able to cope with a penetrating wound of the chest, as well as to help the patient with injury of organs located in the subcostal area. Today the technical possibilities and modern methods of treatment allow to cope with congenital and acquired anomalies, problems bronchiectasis, spontaneous pneumothorax, hemorrhage, and interstitial lichen pathologies of the lung and other diseases.

Diagnosis conducted by a thoracic surgeon

Thoracic surgeon makes a diagnosis based on:

- thoracoscopy;
- arthroscopy;
- thoracoscopic resection of focal lung diseases, the localization of which determined the preoperative opacification;
- laparoscopy;
- vats of pleurodesis in the treatment of malignant exudative pleurisy;
- hysteroscopy;
- intraoperative ultrasound examination during thoracoscopic sessions conducted in respect of focal lung diseases;
- videothoracoscopy when you first discovered the disease of the mediastinum;
- vats of thymectomy.

Patient with heartburn, regurgitation, dysphagia, coma feeling behind the breastbone, odynophagia, with pains from the epigastric and esophagus, hiccups and vomiting should seek the advice of a thoracic surgeon.