Advice 1: Who has more bones a baby or an adult

The basis of the human body - skeleton which consists of bones and joints that allows movement. The number of bones in the infant and adult is different. So nature thought out mechanisms to protect the newborn from damage of the bone tissue due to accidental drops and inept handling of the baby.
Who has more bones a baby or an adult

What is the skeleton of an adult human skeleton baby



The child at birth has about 300-350 bones. As they grow older some bones will fuse together and their number reduced. The bone stops growing at the age of 25 years. During this period, stops the main growth of the body. The skeleton of a 25-year-old human consists of 206 bones, and this number remains unchanged until the end of life.

The human skeleton weighs only one-fifth of the total body weight.


Why have a baby at 90 bones? The fact that the newborn has some bone structure more like cartilage. The growth of cartilage ossiferous, i.e. costeniuc, and their structure is changing. In the process of ossification of bones forming the skeleton of an adult. This is true not only of the skeleton of the body. The skull of the newborn is also divided into separate bones, allowing the passage of the head through the birth canal. During the first two years of life the bones of the skull have been growing rapidly, acquiring connective tissue, although the seams between the bones remain open for up to 20 years.

In some people, the number of bones may vary from the norm due to the different growths, extra fingers or ribs.


The growth of the bones



Bones consist of four types of tissue: periosteum, compact bone, spongy bone and bone marrow. The periosteum is the top layer of bone; it contains the nerves and blood vessels that supply the bone nutrients. This solid layer protects the bone marrow from damage. To the bone is properly fused, the child should receive all the necessary micro and macro elements, to have an active lifestyle. Useful exercise. For bone health necessary fruit and vegetables, and calcium products. Sunlight provides the body with vitamin D, which promotes absorption of calcium in the body. Without sunlight, the bone tissue will not be healthy and strong.

It is important to prevent any bone injury, especially fractures in children. Parents should ensure that children wear protection when riding bike or rollers. When engaging in mobile sports is also necessary to provide the child with proper form, knee pads and other protective equipment, as in childhood, the risk of injury is quite high. Children's bones grow quickly, so the healing process goes faster than in an adult. However, it is up to 20 years is the formation of the skeleton, which will serve people for the rest of my life.

Advice 2: How to quickly heal bones?

Every fracture is unique as every human body, so the time of the restoration of the integrity of the bone may vary in very wide limits. Some of the bones may grow together over six months, others a few weeks. The rate of recovery is directly affected by patient's age and severity of fracture.
How to quickly heal bones?
Instruction
1
Until now, scientists cannot give a clear answer to the question of why the fused bone. It is not proved that any drugs can accelerate this process. Qualified doctor know that the integrity of the bones, restores the body, and the case of the doctor is to ensure the broken bones a rest and correct position to avoid the risk of incomplete or incorrectly adhesions. The doctor also needs time to stop the possible suppurative processes and soft tissue damage. This is no wonderful pill that will be quicker to recover bone, simply no.
2
Medicine empirically established the following facts about the speed of fusion of the bones.

The number of fractures: one heals faster than a few, and if the fractures are multiple, some may not grow together. The rate of fusion is significantly affected by age. Such bones as the humerus, radius, clavicle and other heals very quickly, regardless of age, but for example the heel or the tibia, may not mend even in children. Dense bone heals more slowly than cancellous. The more broken bones around the muscle, the faster it will heal. Healthy, full of energy person's bone will heal faster than weak and exhausted. The bones included in the joint heals slowly. Active development of a limb through physical therapy and generally good activity of the patient is extremely positive effect on recovery rate. Poorly or incorrectly pinned the wreckage of undergoing unnecessary movements will coalesce much more slowly.
3
In bone reconstruction can be divided into four stages. Immediately after the fracture at the ends of the fragments form blood clots, which are subsequently formed fiber bone. The clot is filled with special cells called osteoclasts lining the edge of the bone, and osteoblasts that fills the gap between the fragments. After a few days formed a bridge between granular debris, which during the third stage of compacted and becomes fragile bone mass, which can easily be destroyed by careless movement, so that immobilization of fractures is absolutely necessary. The last stage - ossification, in this period, the body is active in supplying calcium to a region of fracture with the help of the circulatory system, it is therefore important to ensure a good blood supply to the fracture site.
Useful advice
The harder you follow the advice of an instructor in physical therapy, the faster you heal your bone.

Advice 3: As fused bones

The fractures in most cases, especially in children, are fused without deformation. In connection with the deterioration of blood circulation in the body with age, due to the improper actions of the doctor bone fractures can heal properly.
As fused bones
Instruction
1
The fracture begins to heal almost immediately after the incident. From injury to full fusion of bone goes through four stages. The first stage is the formation of so-called clot. Blood is a viscous mass, which is collected at the ends of broken bones. Of these clots formed fiber will contribute to the coalescence of the bones, like adhesive.
2
In the second stage of healing a fracture cells clot "treat" the injured surface. Smooths sharp and jagged edges of the bones, fill the cracks in them and connect the two ends of the broken bone together.
3
The third stage is characterized by the formation of callus. Happening this moment at the seventh (or slightly longer) day after injury. At this time, formed at the fracture site as a result of callus cells remains stationary due to the cast. Otherwise (without gypsum) because of its brittleness it can crack, break again. Over time, this callus will zacatepec and turn into solid.
4
And final stage of the splice, the fracture occurs in a long time. From three to ten weeks the patient will have to wear at the site of fracture in a cast. At this time, via the blood vessels to the point of fracture, to the corn, will deliver the required splice material. Including calcium, without which rapid coalescence of the fracture will not happen.
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At the last stage of healing of the injury there is a complete ossification of the fracture. The bone in this place getting sturdy, durable. The cast, the doctor will remove it, but will warn that this place should be protected even during the year, the fabric is completely healed and the bones have become strong as before the fracture.
6
Open fractures have caused physicians is much more fear than closed. The fact is that with an open fracture there is a risk of inclusion in the internal tissues of microbes, bacteria that can cause diseases that are difficult to treat. For example, osteomyelitis. In a closed fracture there is no such problem.
Useful advice
While wearing the plaster should take medicines containing calcium, eat foods rich in this mineral and vitamins A, E and D. In this case, fracture healing will go at a heightened pace.
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