Advice 1: What is a surgery

Abdominal surgery or abdominal surgery is the General name for all types of surgery on the internal organs located in the abdominal cavity. As a rule, the need for such operations occurs after a serious injury or the development of chronic diseases of internal organs.
What is a surgery

The types of abdominal operations


There are two main types of way operations: laparotomy and laparoscopic surgery. The first – type search, in which the surgeon opens the abdominal cavity and looking for the cause of internal bleeding or other pathologies. Sometimes, when the cause is not detected or the affected area is too large and affects several organs, such an operation is carried out again.

Laparoscopic surgery is performed through small incisions using special instruments that are placed in hollow plastic tubes. While surgeons have the ability to control their actions thanks to miniature cameras of laparoscope introduced into these tubes. If laparotomy is always injury to the anterior abdominal wall and postoperative problems associated with healing of a seam, laparoscopy allows to avoid such consequences.

How to prepare for abdominal surgery


If surgery is scheduled, and is not the result of any emergency, you will have time to prepare for it. A full preoperative examination should be held within 7 days after the date of the transaction. The specifics of it is that the bowel during the abdominal surgery must be completely cleaned, with instructions you will receive from your doctor.

How could you not like the night before surgery you must not drink or eat, and if you are prescribed any pills, limit yourself to drinking them by the breath of simple non-carbonated water. You cannot take medicines that thin the blood, already over a week before the operation, this applies to all drugs, including aspirin. If you are a woman, do not apply any cosmetics, no matter how beautiful you may want to be surgeons. And erase the nail Polish colour of nail plates the surgeons during the operation control of the circulation and whether you have enough in your body receives oxygen.

The postoperative period


Of course, specific recommendations based on your condition, you will receive from the attending physician. Try after surgery not really feeling sorry for myself and start to move as early as possible, even if at first have to overcome the pain. Don't worry that the seams may diverge – they are quite sturdy and will withstand your walk in a relaxed leisurely pace. The movement will help to prevent the formation of adhesions, which can again put you on the operating table.

Advice 2 : What is different from laparoscopic surgery normal

Laparoscopy is considered to be more sparing surgery compared to conventional surgery. Subsequent scars are virtually invisible, and the rehabilitation period is quite small. Special conditions of laparoscopy are the latest equipment and the experience of the surgeons.
Surgeons during the operation
For each person the need for surgical intervention is always not only a terrible sentence, but the initial question in a long sequence called "how to conduct an operation in the best possible way". Today, technological progress is deeply rooted in medical care that allows you to practice all sorts of achievements and innovation. Modern medicine suggests two ways of access to the internal organs: abdominal and laparoscopic.

What are the risks of abdominal surgery


Abdominal operations are performed in all hospitals in the post-Soviet space. The disadvantages of this method are primarily in long-term recovery. Increased trauma leads to long healing of damaged tissues and often – the emergence of the rumen, which negatively affects the self-esteem in their appearance (especially women).

Long postoperative period leads to large additional costs. This stay at the hospital, and procurement of essential medicines for rapid healing of wounds. But the advantage of such an operation – the possibility of holding her in the clinic at any level. Whereas laparoscopy should be carried out on high-quality equipment only confident professionals, able to work with sensitive equipment.
There is a technique of mini-laparoscopy or microlaparoscopy when the procedure is performed with devices with a thickness of 2-3 mm. hospitalization of the patient when it lasts a day, and suturing is not required.


What is laparoscopy


One of the breakthroughs in medicine has become the new operating method - laparoscopy. It consists in that the usual cuts with a scalpel are replaced by a few hiccups in certain places. Most often, this version of the operations used in the abdominal and pelvic region. The main tool for diagnosis is a laparoscope consisting of a lens and tubes. The tube is attached lightening cable. During surgery the abdomen is filled with carbon dioxide works as an air cushion for internal organs. Remove or repair damaged organs is a special surgical tools – manipulators.

The superiority of laparoscopic surgery over abdominal surgery


Differences laparoscopic surgery abdominal surgery striking. The main advantages of laparoscopy include a reduction of surgical trauma and early recovery of tissues mini incisions, reducing healing time from 2-3 weeks to 3-4 days, better operation due to the clear images of the affected organs from all angles. The effects of surgery in the form of scars are also missing.
Laparoscopy is performed only in remission. During acute inflammatory processes, the operation fails.


Of course, each specific clinical case to be treated separately. The choice of method of surgical intervention needs to match both the problem and the skill of the surgeon. Much depends on the technical capabilities of the clinic.
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