Advice 1: Some roses are called tea

Tea rose is one of the most beautiful varieties. Its name is, according to one hypothesis, is obliged to the wonderful aroma, which felt obvious notes of freshly brewed black tea. According to another hypothesis, the name was given because of the shape of the buds, resembling the shape of Chinese tea cups. However, like most in this rose is not only a wonderful aroma and beautiful shape of the buds, but challenging game of shades of color on her petals.
Some roses are called tea

The types of tea roses

This variety was brought to Europe from China in the XVIII century and immediately attracted the attention of growers and breeders. Despite the fact that the tea rose is quite capricious in care, the results of the labors for its cultivation are the real prize, which you get to admire her beautiful flowers. Some of its species as a result of hard and long selection work have become less sensitive to cold and many species of pests it is not terrible. This hybrid tea varieties, which can, with some effort, to grow even under comfortable climatic conditions. Therefore, the hybrid tea rose can be seen in suburban areas and in Central Russia and even in Siberia, however, where they can grow only in a greenhouse.

Popular varieties of tea rose, which can be seen in Russia belong to the hybrid tea varieties and so-called floribunda and grandiflora. View floribunda is the result of crossing hybrid tea and the polyanthus varieties. These roses characterizes mnogovekovoe, but the shape of the buds closer to the tea rose, though more flat, and the aroma is less pronounced. Due to resistance to low temperatures, this species used for landscaping in urban areas.

Look tea roses grandiflora can be identified by long stems, decorated at the ends with elegant buds, more buds resemble their progenitor – tea rose varieties floribunda.

Varieties of tea roses

As a result of crossing tea roses with remontant appeared grade Wienerwald with large buds are salmon-pink in color, whose diameter can reach 10 cm High bushes with thick branches grow well in the trunk, pleasing blooms from early summer until autumn.

The variety La France was launched in 1867, is one of the most favorite varieties among gardeners. Resistant to cold and an abundance of beautiful buds with a great aroma. Doris Testerman no different shimmering shades, but in and of itself a rich orange color large buds of this variety are wonderful, and the dark green leaves looks great. For hybrid tea and apply two-tone varieties of Kordes Perfecta. At the base of the flower petals have a pale cream color, and the edges are dark red.

Of the subspecies floribunda belongs to the popular white and cream Edelweiss and bright red variety Montana. These varieties are characterized by abundant and repeated flowering is very good in hedges.

Advice 2: How to grow roses in Siberia

Rose is considered the Queen of flowers, as it is not only very beautiful but also very demanding in terms of cultivation, but may grow not only in the South with warm and mild climate, but in the conditions of Siberia.
How to grow roses in Siberia
You will need
  • film;
  • - arcs;
  • stimulator of root formation;
  • - spruce branches.
To grow roses in the brutal conditions of Siberia and the cold winters when the temperature falls below 45 degrees, buy varieties grafted on briar rose. In contrast, own-rooted instances they are resistant to cold winter, as the rose has a high resistance to frost.
For planting choose varieties of roses of group floribunda and Park. Hybrid tea varieties should be stored in the basement where the temperature is not below plus 4 degrees, which creates certain difficulties. Climbing varieties are good winter, but they can be grown only with great experience, as it requires the skillful pruning.
A place to land, choose sheltered from the wind and most lit. Don't plant roses along the fence, on draught and in areas close to groundwater.
Landing in the ground produce in spring under plastic cover, when the soil temperature is optimal and warms up to 10 degrees or in the fall before the first frost. For Siberia spring planting dates – this is the end of April, beginning of may. Autumn – end of September, beginning of October, when the soil temperature is stable at around 4 degrees.
Before planting, soak the seedlings for 6 hours in a solution to stimulate root formation. If you bought seedlings much earlier time, keep them on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator or in the basement. All seedlings are sold with the root system covered with paraffin. To roses quickly took root in the ground, open the package and add some water in it.
Film take shelter after minovanii the threat of frost. For Siberia this time comes in the second decade of June.
Before the approach of steady frosts, cut roses, okucia the ground, carefully cover with spruce branches. As soon as you drop the first snow, liberally sprinkle the planting and thoroughly tamp. The more snow, the less likely it is that the roses will freeze.
In the spring remove the twigs, vzryhlite the soil, install the film cover.

Advice 3: What roses bloom all summer

Most long blooming of all varieties of roses are floribunda and landscape roses. They are the most resistant to frost, and under the cover can easily tolerate harsh winter.
Rose floribunda along the track
Translation of "floribunda" means "floriferous", and have the title it becomes clear that these varieties of roses will bloom all summer until the first frost. This variety is a hybrid, obtained by crossing polyanthus roses with hybrid tea. An interesting fact that originally they didn't smell, having lost it as a result of selection, but later a light scent still managed to bring it back.

These varieties largely resemble chinogerni and polyanthus they got the stamina and hardiness. The distinguishing features of the class are also small leaves and low growth. Feature of roses "floribunda" is that its flowers don't grow singly, as in other species, and developing inflorescences, in each of which may be up to a dozen flowers.
When spring and light pruning of bushes flowering occurs earlier. But to cut the shoots too stretched and bloom can only by August or September. Moderate pruning (4-6 buds) contributes to the harmonious development of the shoots and ensure timely flowering in June. In cutting roses should not be left on the Bush wood older than 2 years. This variety of roses can be grown in the garden, in the greenhouse, and even at home in a pot.
According to international Botanical terminology Park-called cultivated roses all the wild roses - they bloom from early spring to late autumn. In favorable conditions, they represent a large Bush with abundant flowering. For planting in the middle lane, this rose has one indisputable advantage - flowers winter without shelter. In the fall, when flowering is over, the bushes of this plant are not less attractive with its bright fruits and leaves. Flower color is rose Park - from pure white to dark purple, rarely yellow, orange, tea varieties.
For the favourable development of Park roses need a Sunny, well-ventilated place. In partial shade and in the shade of flowering significantly reduced or disappear altogether. Desirable neighborhood with large trees. Any soil is suitable, but preference should be given to soils with high humus content, or medium clay.

The main element of the care of Park roses - annual formative pruning. The bushes are cut, giving them a cupped shape and leaving only the strongest shoots. Spring pruning should be carried out no later than mid-April. In September-October, cut the young shoots of 5-7 cm That allows the hive to survive the freeze. Open cuts should cover up with oil paint or garden pitch.

Advice 4: Rose varieties suitable for cultivation in Central Russia

Who does not dream to have a garden, a fragrant delicate aroma of roses and captivating view of their buds? The dream could become a reality – just persevere, and roses bloom not only in the South, it is possible to grow delicate flowers and in the middle zone, the Urals and Siberia.
Rose varieties suitable for cultivation in Central Russia
Breeding roses is not in place, currently there are a large number of varieties for cultivation not only in mild climates, but in other, more severe climatic conditions. To avoid disappointment in the cultivation of roses, you should carefully consider the choice of varieties and try to collect as much information as possible about updates.

Popular varieties of roses

Most impressive of all, they are also the most demanding hybrid tea roses. These varieties are able to bloom twice in a season, the second wave comes at the end of August – September. In the middle lane these roses can be grown if carefully to their shelter for the winter and let them bloom in autumn. To do this, the buds in the second wave of flowering you need to cut to the roses were better able to prepare for winter. For shelter you can use fir spruce branches, peat or shrubs to fill the earth. In most cases, roses do not suffer from freezing, and from vyprevaniya early spring when, under the shelter formed by the excess humidity. To avoid this, in the early spring you need to remove the shelter and in the fall to handle the roses from fungal infections.

Climbing roses can also grow in the middle lane, if you cover them for the winter. The whip fall gently removed from the grates and put on the ground, cover the top with spruce spruce branches, covered with peat or soil. In all other respects the requirements are the same as for hybrid tea varieties.

More hardy polyanthus roses, they are less affected by low temperatures and humidity, so it is worthy to take its place in the garden. Some disadvantages are that they are not decorative, but for many gardeners, these roses like.

What roses should grow

The most unpretentious are considered garden roses, they are also called wrinkled (in the leaf). They can withstand low winter temperatures without shelter, because these varieties are derived from wild rose, which grows everywhere, is not afraid of pests and diseases. Thanks to this relationship garden roses are adapted to growing in the most extreme conditions, spend the winter without shelter and annually grow wild. The disadvantages of these roses can be attributed to their relatively short flowering period and a simple form of the flower, which is closer to the flower of wild rose.

Among the garden roses, special attention should be paid to the canadian rose – flower, they have also refined as hybrid tea roses, and the bushes unpretentious, like a Park of sorts. Once planted a Bush of the canadian roses, you can enjoy its blooms for decades, you do not need to take care of her shelter.

It should be noted that for a lush and lasting flowering time, all roses need a good mineral feeding several times a season, only in this case they fully disclose their capabilities and all season delight the gardener with their blooms and fragrance.
Is the advice useful?