Classification of types of art
The arts is historically the form of creative activities, which have the ability of implementing standard of content. They differ in ways material embodiment. For example: in music – sounds, literature – words in the visual arts – plastic and coloristic materials.
There is a certain scheme of classification of arts, dividing it into three groups:
spatial and plastic types: fine and decorative art, photography and architecture;
- dynamic and time types: literature and music;
- space-time-types: choreography, theater, cinema.
Such a variety of types of due to the fact that individually art cannot provide a comprehensive artistic picture of the world. And the whole artistic culture in General creates exactly the same picture.
The characteristics of arts
Architecture – the art form which purpose is creation of buildings required for human activity. These structures must meet the spiritual needs of man. The architecture is able to unite with other kinds of art: painting, sculpture, decorative arts. Architectural works are more expressive than fine.
Art – creativity that reproduce visually perceived reality. The results of this kind of art have a subject form, which is not variable in space and time.
Painting - fine art on the plane, which by means of different colors deposited on a certain surface, depicts the world in reality, converted only the creative imagination of the artist.
Sculpture - fine art in space representing the world in plastic images. The main materials used in sculpture are marble, wood, stone, bronze, steel, plastic and concrete.
Decorative arts - creative activities to create everyday objects, which are designed to meet the artistic and aesthetic human needs Material to create the object of this art can serve as wood metal, clay, stone and bone.
Literature is the art in which media imagery is the word. Specializiruetsya literature on historical phenomena. It is very living, lively art system, very sensitive to all changes of life.
Music is an art, in which the means for realization of artistic images serve as musical sounds. Basic elements and expressive means of the art are: rhythm, tempo, dynamics, timbre, melody, polyphony and harmony. Music expresses emotional experience through sounds, which are based on different intonations of human speech.
Choreography is the art of movement and postures of the human body, meaningful and organized in space and time. Dance at all times was associated with the life of people, so each dance is peculiar to the nature and spirit of the people from whom it originated.