Art painting was originally applied to any democratic and legkodelimae materials: leather, wood, natural fabric, clay and bone. Skills passed down from generation to generation masters, there are specific techniques which helped awareness of the product. Over time, elected the most meaningful and expressive ornament. In architecture decorated with painted ceilings, arches, walls, beams, and the home decor was applied to everyday objects.

Systematization of various types of paintings was first begun in 1876 by Professor A. A. Isayev in his two volumes entitled "Fisheries of the Moscow province". Enterprise the art of painting and is currently developing a business to meet the demand in the markets of Russia and abroad.

Khokhloma painting

In a rich vegetable ornament found a use for the skill fine brush, which came from the monasteries. From there was launched the secret of how to paint the dishes in a Golden color without using gold. The painting has not changed to date and the process from ancient times to the present day is the same. Billet utensils carved out of wood on a lathe, then ground with a specially prepared solution of clay or use an artificial priming. Dishes covered with a paint based on tin or silver, rarely of aluminium. Paint-conceived motive, and dried in a furnace, and then varnish again and doing hot drying.

Since the product several times undergoes intensive heat treatment, dyes were selected from those whose high brightness temperatures are not affected. This black, gold and cinnabar.

Gzhel porcelain

Gzhel unique as each artist, using the classic and familiar motifs, creates technique individually. The main role belongs to the experience of the master and movement of his brush. In this case, the white from one stroke there are harmonious transitions from dark blue to pale blue. Paint is only one, cobalt, and drawing is done very quickly, the first time.


These figures of different sizes, put one in the other, descended from Japan. The great popularity of these dolls purchased in 1900, after the exhibition in Paris. The main production was in the village of Polkhovsky Maidan, which is famous and painted, and Turner - because the shape of the dolls still had to grind.

Polkhovsky matryoshka has distinctive characteristics by which it can be distinguished from others. She has written strokes the face and forehead a rose blossom of the Siberian spruce grouse. The color of the scarf contrasts with the color of the dress, and from behind the doll on the 2/3 scarlet or green. The apron of the oval and extends from the neck to the ground.

The most difficult to handle, inlaid with straw dolls from Vyatka.