The influence of oxytocin on the body
The hormone oxytocin has an impact on psycho-emotional background of men and women, this substance increases the level of location and favors to other people, reduces anxiety, contributes to the formation of attachment of the mother to the baby. The blood concentration of this hormone is always on the same level, as a rule, it rises at a certain interaction with other people, when you orgasm, the stress of childbirth.
Most clearly the action of the hormone oxytocin manifests itself in women. The main functions of this substance is stimulation of the smooth muscles of the uterus, increasing its contractile activity, the effect on the reduction of the cervix before birth and during their currents. Oxytocin increases the pituitary's production of the hormone prolactin, which affects milk production, increases blood clotting in the uterus to stop bleeding after childbirth, reduces the cells around the alveoli of the mammary glands, influencing the release of milk into the ducts.
At the end of pregnancy the level of oxytocin increases in the dark, and the day is reduced, so childbirth often takes place at night.
Ways to increase oxytocin
Scientists have found that the level of oxytocin increases both men and women during arousal and orgasm. The content of this hormone in the blood increases during the embrace. Studies have shown that when the subjects were holding hands or lying next to, the level of oxytocin they have increased. It has been proven that women with serious relationships, the level of oxytocin during the experiments increased more than the singles. As a result of the research, the scientists concluded that the secretion of the hormone impact serious relationship.
Higher levels of oxytocin promote friendly contacts with the people: a conversation with a friend over a Cup of tea, games, activities with children, etc.
Oxytocin in the blood can increase with physical exercise that also influence the level of endorphins. Endorphins are associated with high self-esteem, good sex, these substances have a great block the stress, which prevents to derive pleasure from the relationship. Increase oxytocin the massage, and the level of this hormone increases also the person performing this massage. The important role played by the frequency of strokes: the optimum is considered to be 40 movements per minute. According to studies, this is precisely the frequency of the strokes is selected by instinct, she is more pleasant person.
Advice 2: How to increase prolactin levels
Prolactin is a hormone produced in the brain. Higher levels can adversely affect the work of the organs of the reproduction system. And it is fraught with menstrual disorders and infertility.
Reasons that cause hypersecretion of prolactincan be divided into pathological, pharmacological and physiological.For physiological reasons can be attributed to psychological stress, exercise, pregnancy, breast-feeding, intake of protein foods. In addition, a permanent increase in prolactin observed in men and women during sleep (day and night) and only in women during sexual intercourse. As regards the period of feeding, the prolactin to normal immediately after its completion. All the cases described is the norm for a healthy body, they cannot be attributed to pathology.
There is a pharmacological reason is taking drugs that increase the levels of this hormone. Among such drugs can be called a psychotropic, narcotic drugs, antidepressants, antiemetics, drugs to treat peptic ulcer disease and oral contraceptives with high estrogen content. So, if you are taking any of the means described, inform your doctor. He will pick you therapy to normalize the prolactin.
Pathological increased level of the hormone prolactin may occur in the presence of a pituitary tumor, that is, when prolaktinome. Usually it is small in size (in diameter – no more than a centimeter). Cause hypersecretion can serve and chronic renal failure, cirrhosis of the liver, decrease thyroid function, ovarian disease, chronic prostatitis, postoperative state (if the operation was carried out on the chest organs or the Breasts). In pathological increase in the level of prolactin required treatment and normalization of the hormone.
If any of the forms of hyperprolactinemia is a single treatment method medication. To surgery is used very rarely (only in case of ineffectiveness of medications, or with serious visual impairments). The main group of drugs is the dopamine agonists. Their action is directed not only to the reduction of hormone levels, but also to eliminate a variety of clinical manifestations.