Advice 1: How to sell communal apartment

Communal apartment, isolated rooms inhabited by a separate family, can be in municipal and state ownership. Each room in it has its own owner, so the sale of this apartment should be done only with the consent of all owners.
How to sell communal apartment
You will need
  • - Certificate of state registration of property rights;
  • - the cadastral passport of apartment;
  • - extract from the house register;
  • statement from the office of Rosreestr;
  • - notarized consent of the owners for the transaction;
  • copies of financial personal accounts.
Instruction
1
There are two ways the sale of a communal apartment as a whole. In the first case, the neighbors agreed, and together, sell communal, and received from the transaction amount divided between them in proportion to the squares of their room. The second option sale is that one of the owners buys out the rooms of their neighbors, and then sell the whole apartment.
2
The process of registration of necessary documents and registration of rights during the sale of a communal flat almost no different from selling any other apartment, which has several owners.
3
After prepare all the basic documents determine how many will sell their homes because buyers are primarily interested in the price of the apartment. Make an objective opinion about how much can be sold one or the other apartment, will help a comprehensive collection of information.
4
To do this, look at the ads in the newspaper or online, ask for help to real estate professionals or conduct an independent valuation by professional appraisers. As a rule, it is difficult to determine the most accurate cost of housing, as it depends on many factors. Therefore it is best to seek the help of professionals.
5
To find buyers, place ads in Newspapers, free and paid classifieds, the Internet. No harm will attach photos taken from different angles. The buyer can also be found through relatives, friends and acquaintances or to ring all the numbers that appear in ads about buying an apartment.
6
After the buyer is found, we can proceed to conclude the contract of purchase and sale of a communal apartment. He must be in written form and in order to protect themselves, ascertain it notarized.
7
The written contract is registered in the Registration chamber, followed by the transfer of ownership of the apartment from the seller to the buyer. The amount received from the sale will be split between all the owners of communal apartments.
Useful advice
Before the arrival of the buyer to thoroughly clean the apartment, and in some cases can even make a small repair to give the room a fresher look.

Due to the fact that the evaluation starts with a flat stairwell, be careful about the cleanliness of her house.

Advice 2: How to sell an apartment to a relative

From the point of view of procedure, there is no difference between selling the apartment to a relative or any other person. The seller and the buyer go to the notary with a standard set of required documents. However, this method despite its popularity has a number of disadvantages, which gives reason to think about alternatives such as donation and inheritance.
How to sell an apartment to a relative
You will need
  • - a package of necessary documents (the passport of the parties and the papers for the apartment: certificate of ownership, certificate of BTI, etc.);
  • - notary services.
Instruction
1
The first and the main disadvantage - the seller, if owned an apartment less than two years, must pay a tax of 13% of the transaction amount exceeding 2 mln. R. the Amount of tax will be considered in the inspection, based on the market price on the day of the sale. And if the amount of the contract will differ from that of more than 20%, the right to establish the amount of tax and penalties at its discretion. In this case the buyer due to the fact that the transaction committed between the relatives, the right to a tax deduction when buying a home has not.
2
Minus the second. If the relative buying the apartment, is married, the purchase will automatically be considered joint property of the spouses. And in the case of divorce, to be shared in half.
3
There was a third. After the sale of property, the old owner will not be able to affect a relative, if he wants to dispose of this property against his will.
For example, parents sell the apartment to your son or daughter and he or she then decides to sell it without their consent. To prevent this transaction they may not be.
4
Almost all these cons has the option of donation. In this case there is only the need to pay tax if the gift is made by one not a close relative (children, parents, spouses, grandparents, grandchildren). Close relatives do not pay taxes.
In addition, the deed may be revoked if the new owner commits actions threatening the life and health of the same, or gather to take steps leading to the irretrievable loss of this property.
When you receive the same housing as a gift to the person married, such an apartment is not considered joint property of the spouses.
Executed deed of gift (deed of gift) through a notary.
5
Another option is to transfer housing under the will. The only drawback is that to enter into a right of ownership can only be relative after the death of the previous owner. The tax value of property inherited, no need to pay, and the inherited the apartment is the joint property of spouses is also not considered.
Children are considered the heirs of the parents automatically (but for reliability it is possible to write a will and on them), in other cases, a mandatory condition to issue at the notary the last will and Testament.

Advice 3: How to sell the room without the consent of the neighbors

When selling a room in a communal apartment you can refusal to purchase all of the tenants of the other rooms. Because, in accordance with the civil code, article No. 250, and all other proprietors of rooms in one apartment have a prior right of purchase.
How to sell the room without the consent of the neighbors
You will need
  • notification to all the neighbors
  • - notary failure
Instruction
1
Notify the neighbors about selling the room and the terms of the transaction. For notification to make a notarial document of all the terms of the sale room indicating the price at which you sell it.
2
Send a copy of the notice to all neighbors a registered letter with the investment inventory.
3
The pre-emptive right to purchase possess only those neighbors who are the owners of your room. If people live under a social lease contract, and the owner is the city administration, notice of the sale should the administration.
4
If the owners are minors, disabled, incapacitated persons, refusal to purchase you need to get in the bodies of trusteeship and guardianship, that is, to send a notification to these bodies.
5
Generally, people agree among themselves and neighbors with no problems give a notarized waiver of the right of pre-emption. If the neighbors to buy the room and do not want a waiver of preemptive rights are not willing to give then a month later, by default, you can sell it to a third person, as the silence within a month is equated to failure under article of the civil code of the Russian Federation No. 250, paragraph 2.
6
If desired, several of the owners to exercise the right of first refusal and impossibility of peace talks on the sale is considered by the court.

Advice 4: How to sell an apartment, in which several owners

The apartment, which is decorated right to ownership of several persons is considered common property (article 244 of the civil code). For the sale, you must obtain notarized permission from allowners.
How to sell an apartment, in which several owners
You will need
  • - notarized authorization from all co-owners;
  • - the decision of the guardianship;
  • - cadastral extract;
  • statement of the account;
  • - extract from the house register;
  • - the statement in FPRZ;
  • - passport of the seller and the buyers;
  • - certificate of ownership of the apartment;
  • - the contract;
  • - the act of transfer and acceptance;
  • - receipt on payment for registration;
  • - photocopies of all these documents.
Instruction
1
To sell an apartmentowned by a few people, contact with all owners in the notary's office and obtain permission for sale.
2
If one of the co-owners of the apartment is not able to come personally to the notary office, you can do it for him, if you have a notarized power of attorney to commit any legally significant actions on behalf of the principal.
3
If the number of owners of persons under guardianship of the state, get a notarized permission from parents, legal representatives or guardians. Contact the guardianship and custody with a written notice of the foreclosure and get a judgment, without which you will not be able to make the transaction of purchase and sale. To patronize persons are minors, partially capable and incapacitated citizens.
4
The apartment you bought, being in registered marriage, is also considered common property of the spouses (article No. 34 of the RF, article 256 of the civil code). Therefore, in order to sell it, you must obtain notarized permission from a husband (wife).
5
Further selling is no different from the design of the apartment, which is in single ownership. For the transaction will receive a cadastral extract from the BTI, an extract from the house register and a personal account, which is issued by the housing Department. Before receiving these documents, remove all of the registration in selling apartment.
6
Sign a contract of sale with the buyers, create a written act of transfer and acceptance.
7
By the time of the transaction is the state registration (article 433 of the civil code), without which the deal is concluded and valid, so contact PPRC. Complete the application, submit the package of documents and their Xerox copies, pay the state fee for the registration.

Advice 5: How to sell privatized apartments

The owner of non-privatized housing is the state, not the people who live there. Sales of non-privatized apartments impossible under the law, because you can't sell what belongs to others. But a few options are sales of non-privatized apartments exist. How can you sell privatized housing, and not to break the law? It turns out you can resort to legitimate options for transactions.
How to sell privatized apartments
Instruction
1
You can issue the contract of social hiring real estate you have available, to the buyer.
This agreed with the buyer, you register it in your apartment under the contract of social hiring. Between you receive a specified amount and then leave the apartment. After that the buyer will be able to issue the contract of social hiring the apartment in his name and to privatize its ownership.
2
You can first to privatize their apartment themselves, and then already to sell.
Assemble documents are needed for this:
- extract from the house register about the registered in the apartment people (including all children);
- birth certificates of children passport and adult family members;
- if you have moved since 1991, a certificate from the former place of residence on participation in privatization;
- the contract of social hiring the apartment and other documents on it;
copies of the paid receipts for utilities.
Then submit all these documents to the Department of Housing policy and housing of your city and write a statement on the privatization of the apartment. After the decision of the municipality in management of Federal registration service register your right of ownership. Pay all related fees and charges. After the privatization, as the owner, engaged in the sale of the apartment. Now you have the right to do with your apartment that you want. Be it a sale or exchange.
3
To sell an apartment in a short time, please contact the Agency. Experts will help you not only find a buyer, but also save time. If you have no time to collect information about privatization - the Agency you can also offer an exchange. You will need to exchange their homes for a buffer is the premises owned by the firm involved in buying and selling real estate. You and the buyer apply for exchange to the state organization. And wait for permission. After receiving permission, the buyer gets your apartment . Don't be afraid of such transactions, it is quite beneficial and convenient.
Note
When you contact the real estate Agency be careful. First make inquiries about the Agency, because today there is a large number of scams.

Advice 6: How to sell apartment with care

When the share in the apartment or even the whole flat belongs to a minor, selling it will be quite problematic. And all this because of what necessarily will need to obtain the permission of bodies of guardianship that oversee this issue. This process is quite lengthy due to the number of necessary papers. And not everyone knows what exactly need to start selling apartments, "custody".
How to sell apartment with care
Instruction
1
To start to request from the notary. Generally require the original of this document. By the way, the whole list of documents required not only when selling the apartment, but also in its exchange, donation, etc. If you are a parent of a minor owner of the premises, then you will also need the corresponding statement about the sale of the apartment. If parents have a child there, and you're just the person who has entrusted the sale process of housing, give the child a special document certifying the absence of parents. It may be a death certificate, court decision on deprivation of parental rights or recognition of a parent missing.
2
Of course, you need a statement from the minor dwelling. However, only in the case when he has reached 14 years of age. In other cases, a statement from the child's guardian (if he has no parents). If you work with a certain degree of minors in the apartment, make sure to collect statements that they are not opposed to the sale, with all adult owners of the remaining shares of the dwelling.
3
You also grant to the guardianship birth certificate of the child and the documents confirming his right of ownership of the dwelling (deed of gift, a will, etc.). Of course, in order to sell the apartment "custody" take care of paying all the necessary bills utilities, pay the light and phone. After statements from each of them you will also need to provide the care.
4
Collect most of the documents in the original, but a copy of them necessarily clear. Just in case. But to put the date and his signature under his statement not in a hurry. Do it in the presence of a specialist of the guardianship. He immediately have your autograph and will endorse his signature. Remember that to hand over documents to the child must come personally to all those involved in the process. It is the child himself, his parents or guardian and those owners who do not object to the sale of a share in the apartment (if we are talking about proportion).
5
It is worth considering that the guardianship is easier to agree on a deal if you already have an equivalent option housing to replace the homes sold. This should take care in advance. In some cases, the guardianship gives his welcome with the wording: "with simultaneous rather than sequential sale of the apartment." This will mean that you will have to buy a new apartment, and then sell the old ones.
Useful advice
Remember that all documents you submit to the guardianship needs to have an ample supply of "shelf life". After all, if at the time of your application, at least one of the papers will be expired, you will be sent to collect all over again. Which, of course, considerably lengthens and complicates the process of sale of the apartment.
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