Advice 1: How to determine infertility in men

If the couple lives of regular sexual life without contraception, and for one year no pregnancy occurs, the couple is considered infertile. If a woman is examined, and revealed no pathology, the diagnosis of male infertility. How and what methods to determine male infertility?
How to determine infertility in men
Instruction
1
Most men think that if an erection all right, and no health problems fact about infertility may not be considered. However, it is not so. The male examination is carried out in each case of sterile marriages, and starting with the sperm. Get tested have back and submit to a semen analysis. If the ejaculate contains no sperm, so disturbed spermatogenesis, in that case, the infertility is called secretory. Another option is sperm produced, but for some reason do not fall into the VAS deferens. In this case we are talking about obstructive infertility.
2
Confirmation of obstruction of the VAS deferens are getting on the bilateral genitogram. Pass this kind of examination, genitogram will see the level of obstruction of the ducts. Total obstruction is extremely rare, most men it is localized at the level of the transition of the testicle into the VAS deferens.
3
If the sperm count is detected by agglutination, i.e. the agglutination of sperm, we are talking about the autoimmune version of infertility. In this case, they lose their mobility and are unable to fertilize a female egg. Under this option, pass the MAR-test, with it set antisperm antibodies. A protein substance which in contact with sperm, disrupt mobility and can even cause their destruction.
4
To obtain reliable results, examinations need to follow a few rules when depositing semen. A few days before the test, refrain from sexual activity. Throughout this period, don't use drugs, alcoholic drinks and coffee. Do not visit during the preparation of the semen bath, sauna and Solarium.
5
In rare cases (about 6%) causes of male infertility are chromosomal abnormalities. In severe oligospermia or azospermia pass the examination in cytogenetics. In some cases, is confirmed by the relationship of infertility with chromosomal aberrations.
Note
Infertility is the inability of a couple to achieve pregnancy within 1 year of regular sexual intercourse without contraception. According to statistics, for example, in the USA, the infertility observed in an average of one out of every five couples in Russia reliable data are hard to find, due to the huge difference in performance.
Useful advice
The main manifestation of infertility is the inability of the female body to become pregnant despite regular sexual life continued for quite a long time. Unfortunately, today there are many cases of both female and male infertility.

Advice 2 : How to know if I can give birth

There comes a time when it's time to think about the institution of the offspring, to begin planning the pregnancy, but not always all at once. It's time to stop taking oral contraceptives, learn how to determine the period of ovulation, is certainly not encouraging critical days. And so a year passes, and there is no result, and then we run to the doctor.
Advice
You will need
  • The desire to learn ovulation test.
Instruction
1
The first is to determine blood group and RH factor, to make ultrasonic research of mammary glands and pelvic organs immediately after the menstrual cycle, to exclude the presence of cysts or polycystic ovaries, accompanied by hormonal disorders. Need to be tested for viral infections: herpes, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, HIV, rubella, as these infections often lead to miscarriage.
Tests
2
Infertility can result from the presence of chlamydia, Ureaplasma, Mycoplasma, streptococci, the presence of these parasites has virtually no symptoms, but leads to a number of other more serious diseases. Any infection can be transmitted from mother to fetus through infected genital tract or with blood through the placenta, therefore, to discover and to cure it is only necessary to pregnancy.

Will not prevent smear for Cytology to exclude cancer. Be sure to check the patency of the fallopian tubes using x-rays or hysterosalpingography – these procedures are quite unpleasant.
3
If you have previously been miscarriages, abortions or premature birth, should seek the advice of a genetics specialist, you will need a more thorough examination, including determining the status of the internal layer of the uterus.

To prevent the emergence of problems is the study of chromosomes of future mothers, even perfectly healthy people can be carriers of chromosomal rearrangements, and then there is a risk to give birth to a child with chromosomal abnormality.

The fundament lies the story of the illness of a close relative, especially one that recurs from generation to generation, the doctor will be interested in cases of severe diseases, the presence of closely related marriages in the family.
Pregnancy
Note
Women's intuition is very sensitive from the first days it will be clear when pregnancy. This can be confirmed by the absence of menstruation, swelling of the hands and feet, the Breasts suddenly start to increase in volume, it becomes more sensitive and a little sore in the morning, nauseated, there is a desire to eat salty or sour.
Useful advice
Do not be shy and afraid of the examination take care about the future of the child. After all, if all tests, a fully completed survey, you can be calm and confident in the fact that the pregnancy without problems and in the end will have a healthy baby. After all, a healthy baby boy — cherished desire of any mother.

Advice 3 : How to check infertility

Many couples dream of a child, or even several, but unfortunately, not all of them is impossible to conceive and give birth. Stress, unhealthy lifestyle, bad habits, different diseases can cause infertility. A couple is considered infertile if for a year or two she is unable to conceive a child, and they have regular sexual intercourse and not using protection. Infertility can be both female and male. To check you need to pass a full medical examination.
Ultrasound helps to identify some of the causes of infertility
Instruction
1
Cause of infertility in women can be migrated earlier inflammatory and infectious diseases, abortion, abdominal surgery in the pelvic area. Adhesions in the abdomen and the obstruction of the fallopian tubes are also the reason why a woman cannot conceive a child. To identify these problems, you need to undergo a gynecological examination and ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs, which can be detected in various inflammatory processes. Hysterosalpinography is assigned for determination of tubal patency and hysteroscopy will help to determine the presence of pathologies in the uterine cavity. To determine whether ovulation, prescribe hormonal evaluation at 2-4 day cycle and on day 21. Attention is drawn to the menstrual cycle if it is irregular, it may be the reason that you are not ovulating, i.e. the egg, ready for fertilization, is not Mature.Because infertility may be associated with endocrine diseases, in particular metabolic disorders, excess weight, it is recommended that the survey endocrinologist, who appoints analyzes on hormones, and if necessary the treatment. Also taken into account and, protect the woman, for example, the use of IUDs is quite often the cause of inflammatory processes in organs of small pelvis, which can negatively affect fertility.
2
The cause of infertility may not be in the woman and the man. Inadequate sperm motility, low sperm quality, infectious diseases, hydrocele, varicocele, Smoking, alcohol abuse, constant stress and other factors may reduce the ability of men to reproduce offspring. To identify male infertility should be examined by a urologist to be checked for the presence of infectious diseases, including sexually transmitted to do semen analysis, which will assess the quality and quantity of seminal fluid. To determine the cause of infertility in men a lot easier, so best to partner examined to exclude the possibility that the problem in it. If a man is healthy, then you should look for the causes of infertility in a woman.
3
It so happens that both the man and the woman are healthy, but pregnancy still does not occur. In this case you should be checked for physiological compatibility of the secretions of the cervix and sperm. Perhaps the women's field is so aggressive to semen men that the sperm cannot reach the egg and can't impregnate her.

Advice 4 : How to know if you'll be able to have children

Having made the decision to have a child, a woman may not be prepared for the fact that pregnancy does not occur in the first month. With each new failure in the head, doubts creep in, is there any possibility to get pregnant. In this case you need to try and figure out if you can have children.
How to know if you'll be able to have children
You will need
  • - to visit the center of family planning;
  • - pass the necessary tests.
Instruction
1
Rate, what is your menstrual cycle. Typically, its frequency is 26-34 days, and highlight the last 3-5 days. If the cycle is too short or long, or if its duration varies from month to month, there is a possibility that the ovaries may be incorrect.
2
Measure basal temperature during one cycle. If approximately two weeks before menstruation there is a jump of 0.4 ° C, then ovulation occurs.
3
Contact the family planning centre or to a local gynecologist in the antenatal clinic. At the initial examination the doctor will swab from the vagina that will help to detect the infection, if any. Quite often this is the cause of infertility.
4
Also the doctor will prescribe you a blood test for hormones. Usually investigate the concentration of such hormones as estrogen, progesterone, luteinizing hormone, prolactin, testosterone, thyroid-stimulating hormone. But, based on surveys, the doctor may prescribe additional tests.
5
Sign up for a ultrasound of the uterus and ovaries. It will show whether there are any irregularities in the functioning of these bodies.
6
Check the patency of the fallopian tubes. There are several methods that allow you to know if the fallopian tube. Often, doctors use the method of hysteroscopy. Also you can offer procedures such as hysterosalpingography and laparoscopy.
7
Ask your partner to consult an andrologist and take their semen. After all, the cause of infertility is not always lies in the disruption of the female body.
8
There is also analysis called "postcoital test". It helps to assess if the male sperm to penetrate the cervical mucus of a woman.
Useful advice
If the results of examinations and analyses you find that you or your partner are unable to have children, do not despair. There are many assisted reproductive technologies, giving the chance to have a baby for almost all infertile couples.

Advice 5 : How to distinguish contractions from precursors

In addition to contractions, pregnant women may experience "false" contractionsthat can be mistaken for the real thing. In fact, they can be distinguished by some characteristics, chief among them the irregularity and the lack of the increase of the intensity of uterine contractions.
How to distinguish contractions from precursors
You will need
  • - warm shower;
  • - observation of the interval between contractions and intensity;
  • - monitoring of pain in lower abdomen and lower back;
  • - the observation of vaginal secretions
Instruction
1
The training contractions (contractions Braxton Hicks contractions are contractions of the muscles of the uterus from thirty seconds to 2 minutes. These contractions begin after 20 weeks of pregnancy and can occur several times a day. Their goal is to prepare the uterus and cervix to the upcoming birth. With increasing duration of training contractions can be painful and cause the woman discomfort.
2
The main difference between training from real contractions is that real contractions will lead to childbirth, and the training will be held after some time.
3
If you started the fight, try to calm down and go to bed. Take a comfortable position and try to sleep. It is not necessary to lie on your back, so as not to disturb the circulation. Or take a warm shower. If this is a training contractions of the uterus, they will soon have to pass.
4
About contractions-precursors differ from these by its irregularity. They can be repeated over different intervals and not to increase. If you suspect generic contractions, note the time. Real contractions will increase in duration and pain, and the interval between them will be reduced.
5
During training fights only hardens the stomach. When these fights start pulling in the lower abdomen, lower back, pain in sacrum. Appears aching pain similar to pain during menstrual bleeding.
6
If cramping pain began to bleed from the genital tract or fractional excretion of fluids, which can be podsekanie amniotic fluid, immediately call an ambulance. During training fights should never be blood.
7
If the harbingers are popping up every day and do not give you peace of mind, interfere with normal sleep and cause severe discomfort, consult a gynecologist watching you.
Useful advice
During training fights, be sure to remove them. Learn to breathe correctly and relax. It will be very useful in childbirth.

Advice 6 : How to recognize the harbingers of birth

For the past few months continuing your pregnancy. With anxiety and fear you are expecting your baby. Of course, it will be the most beautiful, healthy and smart. To make this happen, you need to prepare in advance for childbirth, for this you need to know how to recognize the harbingers of birth and be able to determine their symptoms.
How to recognize the harbingers of birth?

What are the harbingers of birth?

The harbingers of sorts – a collection of all the physiological changes that occur in your body just before birth. The process of the emergence of new life is accompanied by such physiological processes as the opening of the cervix, promotion of the fetal child through the birth canal, and your body needs to prepare for this. For the successful flow of the genera it is necessary that the tissue of the birth canal have become quite elastic, the cervix must have the correct prenatal position, and its length reduced by half. The head of the fetus before birth lowered and pressed against the entrance to the pelvis. All these changes in the organism took place a few days before birth. The beginning of these changes and are the first harbingers of birth.

About the harbingers of birth

For the beginning of the harbingers of birth, you can make the change hormonal levels women. In the pregnant woman's body drastically reduces the production of the hormone progesterone to ensure normal pregnancy, good uterine tone, production of cervical mucus and other necessary functions. Instead, the body increases the production of female sex hormones – estrogens. Female hormones are responsible for the elasticity of the birth canal of a woman, and when reaching a certain concentration of these hormones in the body there is a nerve impulse that serves as a signal to start labor contractions.

I would like to warn insecure women that all the symptoms are harbingers of childbirth can take place in a weakened form when pregnant may not notice them in the background of his emotional or physical state. The absence of or invisible to women for the flow of the symptoms of the harbingers of birth is not a pathology and cannot serve as a pretext immediate treatment to the doctor. The very appearance of the harbingers of birth is not a guarantee that in the coming hours or day you will become a mother. It all depends on the individual Constitution of the body, the progress of pregnancy and many other factors. As practice shows, once you have the first harbingers of birth, to birth into the light, it may take from two hours to two weeks.

Dangerous symptoms, the appearance of which requires an urgent appeal to the specialist

  • severe pain in the abdomen,
  • bleeding from the genital tract (regardless of their number),
  • high temperature (above 37.5°C.),
  • a jump in blood pressure above 130/80,
  • headache,
  • nausea,
  • vomiting,
  • blurred vision,
  • rapid heart beat (over 100 beats per minute),
  • a significant increase of edema,
  • suspected leakage of amniotic fluid,
  • cessation or drastic decrease in fetal movements or a sharp increase in its activity.

How to recognize the harbingers of birth?

The decrease in body mass. Well-controlled performance of the first harbingers of childbirth is the weight loss that is due to the decreased production of the hormone progesterone, responsible for the accumulation of excess fluid in the body. Reducing puffiness due to fluid loss can be easily seen by the fact that it became easier to put on shoes or it became easy to put a close ring on your finger. Weight loss before birth can reach 2.5 kg.

Change of chair. Fluid loss may be accompanied by a looser and more frequent to 2-3 times a day chair. More frequent urge to defecate with the simultaneous occurrence of nausea and vomiting should be a reason for immediate referral to a specialist.

A harbinger of the birth is the appearance of sensations, which in common parlance are called "drooping belly". These sensations occur due to prolapse of the uterine fundus, which before the birth takes the most favorable position. This process is accompanied by frequent urination due to the increase in pressure on the bladder.

One of the symptoms of the harbingers of birth is the release of mucous plugs. During pregnancy, the glands of the lumen of the cervix constantly secrete a special secret that serves as a protective barrier against the penetration of bacteria into the uterine cavity. Before birth, the cervical canal is opened and the mucous fluid comes out. The process can take place simultaneously or gradually during the day. During this period, pregnant are advised to refrain from taking baths, swimming pool, and hygienic procedures to limit walk-in shower.

The emergence of predictive, training or false alarms is also a reliable sign of the harbingers of birth. These fights are a manifestation of sporadic contractions of the uterus, and do not cause cervical dilatation. During such contractions, the abdomen feels hard, and after a fight – completely relaxes. False labor, in contrast to these generic, are painless, irregular and speed without causing deterioration of the health of the expectant mother. Manifest themselves for several days before delivery, usually in the evening or morning hours. Often this phenomenon is accompanied by uncomfortable sensations pulling character in the lumbar region, sacrum or lower abdomen. This is due to the stretching of the pelvic ligaments and a rush of blood to the abdomen.

Most importantly, you must learn that these changes in your body do not be afraid, they must know well to listen to his condition before birth, and then your baby will be born beautiful and healthy.

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