Advice 1: How to determine infertility in men

If the couple lives of regular sexual life without contraception, and for one year no pregnancy occurs, the couple is considered infertile. If a woman is examined, and revealed no pathology, the diagnosis of male infertility. How and what methods to determine male infertility?
How to determine infertility in men
Most men think that if an erection all right, and no health problems fact about infertility may not be considered. However, it is not so. The male examination is carried out in each case of sterile marriages, and starting with the sperm. Get tested have back and submit to a semen analysis. If the ejaculate contains no sperm, so disturbed spermatogenesis, in that case, the infertility is called secretory. Another option is sperm produced, but for some reason do not fall into the VAS deferens. In this case we are talking about obstructive infertility.
Confirmation of obstruction of the VAS deferens are getting on the bilateral genitogram. Pass this kind of examination, genitogram will see the level of obstruction of the ducts. Total obstruction is extremely rare, most men it is localized at the level of the transition of the testicle into the VAS deferens.
If the sperm count is detected by agglutination, i.e. the agglutination of sperm, we are talking about the autoimmune version of infertility. In this case, they lose their mobility and are unable to fertilize a female egg. Under this option, pass the MAR-test, with it set antisperm antibodies. A protein substance which in contact with sperm, disrupt mobility and can even cause their destruction.
To obtain reliable results, examinations need to follow a few rules when depositing semen. A few days before the test, refrain from sexual activity. Throughout this period, don't use drugs, alcoholic drinks and coffee. Do not visit during the preparation of the semen bath, sauna and Solarium.
In rare cases (about 6%) causes of male infertility are chromosomal abnormalities. In severe oligospermia or azospermia pass the examination in cytogenetics. In some cases, is confirmed by the relationship of infertility with chromosomal aberrations.
Infertility is the inability of a couple to achieve pregnancy within 1 year of regular sexual intercourse without contraception. According to statistics, for example, in the USA, the infertility observed in an average of one out of every five couples in Russia reliable data are hard to find, due to the huge difference in performance.
Useful advice
The main manifestation of infertility is the inability of the female body to become pregnant despite regular sexual life continued for quite a long time. Unfortunately, today there are many cases of both female and male infertility.

Advice 2: How to check infertility

Many couples dream of a child, or even several, but unfortunately, not all of them is impossible to conceive and give birth. Stress, unhealthy lifestyle, bad habits, different diseases can cause infertility. A couple is considered infertile if for a year or two she is unable to conceive a child, and they have regular sexual intercourse and not using protection. Infertility can be both female and male. To check you need to pass a full medical examination.
Ultrasound helps to identify some of the causes of infertility
Cause of infertility in women can be migrated earlier inflammatory and infectious diseases, abortion, abdominal surgery in the pelvic area. Adhesions in the abdomen and the obstruction of the fallopian tubes are also the reason why a woman cannot conceive a child. To identify these problems, you need to undergo a gynecological examination and ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs, which can be detected in various inflammatory processes. Hysterosalpinography is assigned for determination of tubal patency and hysteroscopy will help to determine the presence of pathologies in the uterine cavity. To determine whether ovulation, prescribe hormonal evaluation at 2-4 day cycle and on day 21. Attention is drawn to the menstrual cycle if it is irregular, it may be the reason that you are not ovulating, i.e. the egg, ready for fertilization, is not Mature.Because infertility may be associated with endocrine diseases, in particular metabolic disorders, excess weight, it is recommended that the survey endocrinologist, who appoints analyzes on hormones, and if necessary the treatment. Also taken into account and, protect the woman, for example, the use of IUDs is quite often the cause of inflammatory processes in organs of small pelvis, which can negatively affect fertility.
The cause of infertility may not be in the woman and the man. Inadequate sperm motility, low sperm quality, infectious diseases, hydrocele, varicocele, Smoking, alcohol abuse, constant stress and other factors may reduce the ability of men to reproduce offspring. To identify male infertility should be examined by a urologist to be checked for the presence of infectious diseases, including sexually transmitted to do semen analysis, which will assess the quality and quantity of seminal fluid. To determine the cause of infertility in men a lot easier, so best to partner examined to exclude the possibility that the problem in it. If a man is healthy, then you should look for the causes of infertility in a woman.
It so happens that both the man and the woman are healthy, but pregnancy still does not occur. In this case you should be checked for physiological compatibility of the secretions of the cervix and sperm. Perhaps the women's field is so aggressive to semen men that the sperm cannot reach the egg and can't impregnate her.
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