Advice 1: What is depreciation and how to calculate

The issue of depreciation of the car rises quite often. And the encounter with him and the organization, the balance of which listed the vehicle, and vehicle owners, when they want to povygodnee sell his car. It seems to mean that it's pretty simple – you need to use data such as the number of years of operation, traveled by car distance etc. In fact to calculate the depreciation component is the whole scheme, which it is desirable to adhere to in order to get the correct result.
What is depreciation and how to calculate
By itself, the attenuation is the transfer value of the means of labor (in this case the car) depending on the measure of wear and tear on the product, etc. As a rule, depreciation is calculated in monetary terms.

The depreciation calculation is needed in order to carry out all necessary technical inspections and repairs of the vehicle, and to determine the maximum (remaining) life.
Neglected provisions of the technical work is impossible. And it is very important to carry out them in time. Otherwise, the car from the vehicle can turn into a real threat on the roads.

How to calculate depreciation of a car

To calculate the depreciation of a car, it is not necessary to have specific accounting knowledge. If you follow the instructions, it is not so difficult.

One of the simple ways to calculate the approximate attenuation, as follows. To do this, take a directory of all models of vehicles and their carrying amount (such is the accountants of the enterprises that operated vans). It depends on the year of the car. The number that you find there, divide by the number of months during which you used the car. This way you will be able to calculate the monthly amortization of the car.
It is worth considering that this calculation will not be the ultimate truth, because it is made quite rude. Because the Protocol does not take into account the number of parameters that are quite important.

Alternatively, it is possible to calculate the depreciation of the car online at Enter in these fields the details of your car, and the system will automatically calculate you the desired figure.

In order to conduct a more detailed calculation of the depreciation of the car, you will need to keep a special record. They be sure to consider all the financial costs associated with a car: replacement of consumables, the cost of gasoline, maintenance and expenses for repairs, also noteworthy is the seasonal replacement of the tyres. The only thing to remember is that all data need to be supported by checks. All these data are added, divided by the amount of time during which the vehicle was operated – as a result, obtained data on which to make a more accurate conclusion about the depreciation of the car.

What cars are depreciation calculation

Naturally, to calculate depreciation expense for any car. However, if we are talking about organization, here are a number of exceptions. So, for example, cars are divided into groups, depending on the year of the vehicle. Basically, there are three groups:
auto in age from 0 to 5 years;
- car from 5 to 7 years;
- car 7 to 10 years.

Typically, organizations try to carry out the calculation for a car older than 5 years. For those that do not hold, simply apply 10-20% of the depreciation expense from the total value of the car. Taken into account and additional equipment installed in the car. And sometimes the calculation of depreciation affects even the speed at which to move the vehicle.

This division is necessary for tax calculations. After depreciation expenses, like any other, must be very clearly reflected in the Declaration.

Advice 2: How to calculate depreciation of fixed assets

Property accepted for accounting at the enterprise shall be subject to depreciation. The exception is non-depreciable property, which includes environmental facilities, construction in progress, working capital funds , etc. There are several ways of calculating depreciation. At the core of each of them is the useful life of the facilities.
How to calculate depreciation of fixed assets
The useful life is determined in accordance with the classification of fixed assets. All the property is divided into 10 groups. Each of them has its own useful life, i.e. the period during which the property is able to bring profit to the company and to serve the purposes of its activities.
Depreciation can be calculated in a linear fashion. In this case, the annual amount is determined based on the original cost of a fixed asset and the depreciation rate, calculated on the basis of useful life. For example, the organization has purchased fixed assets worth 100 000 RUB. its useful Life 5 years, then the depreciation rate is 20 %. Therefore, the annual depreciation amount will be 20 000 rubles (100 000*20%).
In the calculation of depreciation method reducing balance annual amount determined on the basis of the residual value of the asset at the beginning of the reporting period, the depreciation rate and the acceleration factor. The latter is set by law for each type of property. For example, the company purchased equipment worth 100 000 RUB useful Life of 5 years. The depreciation rate is 20 %, but it will be increased to 40 % as the acceleration factor is 2. So for the first year of operation of the equipment depreciation will be 40 000 rubles In the second year it will be 40 % of the residual, i.e. 24 000 rubles (60 000*40%), etc.
Another way of calculating depreciation – the sum of the number of years of useful life. In this case, the depreciation amount for the year is determined on the basis of original cost of the property ratio, the numerator of which is the number of years remaining until the end of the object, and the denominator is the sum of the numbers of years. For example, the company acquired assets with a cost of 100 000 RUB. a useful Life of 5 years. The sum of the numbers of years will be 15 (5+4+3+2+1). Respectively, for first-year depreciation will amount to 33 333,33 RUB (100 000*5/15) in the second year 26 666,67 roubles (100 000*4/15), etc.
In the method of calculation of depreciation proportionally to the volume of production calculation is based on physical indicators and the ratio of the estimated volume of production for the useful life. For example, the company purchased a car worth 200, 000. Estimated mileage for the entire period of useful use of 500 thousand km In the first year the car drove 10 thousand. Therefore, the annual depreciation amount will be 4, 000 (10/500*200 000).

Advice 3: How to calculate bus

Quite often you want to choose the right size of tires for installation on a specific type of car. However, besides the size of the tires, there are other important parameters that should not be ignored because they determine the durability of the wheels and the quality of grip.
How to calculate bus
You will need
  • - table of basic parameters of tires;
  • roulette;
  • - a sheet of paper and a pen.
Look at the nameplate, in the doorway of the driver's side the recommended tire size. Write it down on paper or remember. Find the auto wheels with the same size using a measuring tape, measure the outer diameter of the tyre. Write this value down on paper. Driving the car to the pit and turn the front wheels fully, first one and then the other side. Measure with a ruler or tape measure the distance from the tire to the nearest structural member and record these values on paper.
Choosing tires, keep in mind the diameter of the future discs, and, depending on the size of future tires, pick up wide disks. The desired width of the disk equal to the width of the tread. It may be easier to find a disc of slightly larger diameter of the desired width. For example, to take the disks with a size of 14 inches instead of 13 and pick on them tires. This option would be even more advantageous in terms of durability, but more expensive.
Try to buy tires, the dimensions of which are approximately the same as recommended. For example, the manufacturer recommends a tire size of 175/70R13 86S. 175 is the width of the tyre in millimeters /70 – the height of the tire profile in percentage of width, R-13 – mounting diameter corresponding to the diameter of the discs 86 is the load coefficient, S is the speed index. It should be noted that the overall width of the tyre may be different from the width of the tread, so if you want a wider tread, then pay attention to this feature. Do not take tires with a low load and speed factors.
How to calculate bus
If you want to put on the car drives R16 is R13, locate the rubber of suitable width. Since R16 tyre width 175 mm does not exist, it is more realistic to find tires with a width of 215mm and wider. View your records and calculate how many centimeters you have in stock. Increase the width of the tires on more than the recommended 1cm, shorten the measured distance between the wheel and the body is 5mm. please Note that it is not desirable to increase wheel diameter more than 3 cm, as this will lead to increased fuel consumption and to the deterioration of traction characteristics of the machine. Select the appropriate tire and measure the diameter with a tape measure. Compare with the recommended wheel diameter. If exceeding the recommended dimensions of the future wheel within your design specification, you can buy your selected tires. Speed and load ratio in this case would substantially exceed the recommended that have a beneficial effect on the durability of the rubber.
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