You will need
- - analysis of urine.
Often the presence of kidney stones may not cause any discomfort to the patient. The problems begin when the sand starts to move along the urinary channels. Particulates irritate the mucous membranes, causing intense pain that can be aching and cutting. The pain may be localized in the lower back, groin, upper abdomen, or even to move. This condition is called renal colic.
A painful condition when the sand is often accompanied by General weakness, nausea and vomiting, at times, quite strong. The patient may experience insomnia, occasional bouts of panic attacks.
People who have kidney contains sand, often suffer from problems with urination. This process can be painful or altogether difficult. The color of the urine due to the presence of sand and particles of the blood changes, it becomes darker. Due to difficulties with the removal of fluid from a patient swelling may appear.
The promotion of sand along the urinary channels can lead to inflammation. In some patients, most often children, when the sand temperature rises, blood pressure rises.
Doctors are extremely difficult to detect the kidney stones. In contrast to the larger stones, so small formations cannot be seen with ultrasound. Conduct analysis of urine of the patient in which you notice signs of inflammation in the body and the presence of salt impurities in the urine. The results of the study in conjunction with the complaints of the patient give rise to diagnose the presence of sand in kidneys. Also sometimes use sophisticated methods, such as radioisotope neprezentare and excretory urography of the kidneys to accurately determine the presence of sand.