Advice 1: The flora and fauna of the Moscow region

The suburbs located in the zone of deciduous and coniferous-deciduous forests. Forests cover almost 40% of the area, so the plants and animals of the suburbs are typical representatives of forest areas and the extreme South of the taiga zone.
The flora and fauna of the Moscow region

Flora Of The Moscow Region

Most species of plants of the Moscow region, in connection with the peculiarities of natural conditions and soils of the region grow not in isolation, but form an interrelated plant communities. The nature of the vegetation, the territory is divided into several districts, each of which has its own characteristics. This forest stretched along the southern edge of the suburbs, practically free from forests; swamps and pine forests, which are located near the Eastern border region; spruce forests fringing the Northern border; and the broad-leaved forests, located just South of Moscow, near the border with Meschera.

Of the most common plants of the first tier is to provide Norway spruce, Norway maple, pedunculate oak, common ash and lime. The second tier of vegetation of Moscow region represented by Euonymus, hazel, viburnum, wild cherry and elderberry. The third tier region occupied mainly cranberries, blueberries, majjnika, sorrel, wild ginger, Lily, cereal plants, bees and many species of ferns. The last, fourth tier of the flora of the Moscow region, represented by sphagnum, flax, a variety of mosses and lichens.

The Fauna Of The Moscow Region

Animals of the suburbs are typical representatives of forest areas. Among the large herbivores are the most widely distributed elk, deer, ROE deer, wild boars. From a small omnivorous animals, in the field of hares, squirrels, the flying squirrels, hedgehogs and weasels. Predators include weasels, mink, foxes, wolves, Martens and raccoon dogs. In the suburbs there are about 30 species of rodents, of which the most common Sony, geliogaliu mice, shrews, gophers and jerboas.

In the area there are 6 species of reptiles: viviparous lizard, sand lizard, static, slow worm, grass snake, adder and smooth snake. Also inhabits quite a large number of amphibians – newts, toads (green and grey), spadefoot toad, frogs (ostrobotnia, grass, pond and lake), and Bombina.

In the Moscow region there are about 300 species of birds such as the Oriole, Blackbird, Nightingale, woodpecker, owl, tit, corncrake, quail, lapwing, crane, white stork, Heron and various species of wild ducks.

The insects of the area are also numerous, there are over 500 species. Basically there are various types of butterflies, bees, bumblebees, carabid beetles, locusts, beetles, flies and ants.

In lakes and rivers near Moscow lives about 40 species of fish. Here there are almost all fish of the carp family, perch, and trout, grayling, pike, eel, catfish, stickleback, burbot and lamprey.

Advice 2: What is flora and fauna

When we go for a walk in the woods or resting on the banks of the river, you can see a variety of plants and trees. And juicy vegetation in the forests of the Moscow region differs sharply from the traditional trees and dead wood in steppe areas. As different from each other and wild animals that inhabit different natural habitats. All plants and wildlife are called "flora and fauna of a particular region.
The unity of the fauna and flora

Flora and vegetation

Today flora in botany is a community of all subspecies of plants that grow or grew previously on strictly defined territory. It is possible to confuse the concepts "plants" and "flora", perceiving them to be synonymous, although they are different things. For example, you can talk about the flora of Kursk region, the Kola Peninsula or the flora of Primorye. Thus the larger the region, the richer presents its flora.

So flora of the Stavropol territory has approximately 1,200 species of plants, and the flora of Russia already more than 18 thousand, including gymnosperms, moss, ferns, horsetails and ground cover plants. Greenhouse and plants to the flora of do not apply.

Under the definition of "the vegetation of a certain territory" means a set of plant communities native to the region. For example, the Moscow region is characterized by different types of forests, marshes and meadows. But the vegetation on the whole territory of Russia will be much richer and more diverse. It consists of much more plant communities, including mountain, tundra, forest-steppe, desert, etc.

Even the phrase "flora and flora" is used in medicine in the study of all microorganisms, which are characteristic for specific organs. As, for example, the flora of the larynx.


The concept of fauna refers to all animal species that lived or still live in the area. Animals that are in zoos, and Pets in the species composition are not included. The main feature of each fauna is the ecological nature of the species included in its composition. Thus, the fauna of tropical forests is characterized by the presence of a large number of animals adapted to living in trees. A different tree-climbing mammals, Reptilia, birds, many insects and other animals that used to eat the foliage and fruits of trees or live at the expense of the destroyed wood.

Using different methods of analysis botanists can confidently talk about the origin of one or the other fauna, as well as its links with the remote and the nearby fauna. The results of these analyses, species with similar distribution are joined into certain groups according to their habitat, for example - fauna of the island of Madagascar. In addition, fixed the exact location of a specific animal in the appropriate section of the fauna. So, the butterfly refers to the entomofauna of the fauna or insects.
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