You will need
- - a soft cloth;
- - cotton pads;
- - turpentine oil;
- - the soft brush;
- protein and milk;
- - sponge;
- - ammonia;
- - breadcrumbs;
- - liquid soap.
Dust on the obverse and on the reverse side of the painting with a soft, dry cloth, brush or shaving brush for shaving. Use this method regularly when cleaning the apartment.
At serious pollution separate scenic picture from the frame. Position the picture so that when the cleaning cloth is not pressed.
Check how will react the polluted picture on the cleaner. Do this on the very edge of the canvas, in the place where it will be hidden by a frame. For oil paintings and watercolors, the ways of dirt removal different. Be sure to consider this moment, in order not to damage the figure.
For cleaning of paintings, watercolors, roll a few lumps of black bread crumbs. They clean the polluted sites of the paintings, as if you're holding a pencil eraser. Once the crumb gets dirty, take it fresh and carry on.
Use turpentine oil to remove paintings, painted with oil paints. It can be purchased in the shops where goods are sold to artists. Take a cotton pad and moisten it with this weak solvent. After you check the action in the corner of the painting, carefully start to wipe the entire surface with short strokes. All the time inspect a cotton pad, to not be pieces of adhering paint. If you find that immediately stop cleaning.
Whisk egg white, add a teaspoon of milk. Dipped in this mixture a cotton pad, wipe the painting done with oil paints. Then take a soft cloth and DAB the painting dry.
Whip the lather. Podzeplje it with a sponge, wipe the oily spots on the picture painted by oil. Immediately remove soap clean slightly damp cloth and blot dry. If the canvas has cracks, the moisture it is contraindicated.
Moisten a disc of cotton wool with hydrogen peroxide and wipe the white space on the picture. Then immediately blot them with a dry rag.
Pick for the painting in a new frame or update the old one. Gold plated baguette on the old frames scour with a sponge soaked in ammonia.
Store watercolor paintings in frames with glass. Paintings, painted in oil, varnished in a specialist workshop.
To clean the painting, written in charcoal, pastel and other pigments alone is not recommended. Take a picture in a special workshop.
Picture painted on canvas should be taut on the stretcher. If the canvas is slightly slack, dampen a clean sponge in warm water, wring and wipe the picture from the inside. Let completely air dry, do not hang from the picture on the wall. The wet canvas will again be stretched.
Advice 2: How to cover a picture varnish
Canvases painted with tempera or oil paints, you need to cover with varnish. High-quality coating will give the colors brightness, intensity and Shine. In addition, the film of varnish will protect the paint layer from dust, grease, smoke and pollutants contained in the air.
Determine when your painting can be covered with varnish. According to the rules, this must be done not earlier than one year after the writing of the canvas. To achieve this, time painting to protect from dust, tobacco smoke and pollution.
Select finishing varnish that you will use. In this field applied mastic, acrylic-styrene, Tammany lucky. But the best is acrylic-pistachio. He has a high transparency, high elasticity and a very long time retains its properties. An important parameter of varnish is its freshness. Since the release should not go more than 3 months.
Pick hammers finishing brush for applying paint. The width of the tool select based on the dimensions of the canvas. For small paintings take fleyts width of about 50 mm, for medium – not less than 100 mm. the thick of your chosen nail Polish, the shorter should be the bristles fleytsem.
Pre-clean from dust and dry picture. Before you start working for a better wipe, varnish should be warmed. To do this, put it in a water bath at a temperature not exceeding 40°C.
If you want to avoid a high gloss varnish, the varnish needs to be diluted. Do it in a ratio of 1:1, adding fresh pine. In the cold season of the diluent can take a little more. For slower drying varnish, it is diluted with white spirit, but this material has the properties to penetrate through the cracks into the pattern and form spots.
Put a picture on the table, if she's small, or put on an easel if it is large. Install light source on the right side. Apply the nail Polish flejtsem, moving from the top, parallel to the bottom edge. Movement make smooth and wide. The Polish on the brush, collect a little, to avoid leakage.
Then raspolirovat applied varnish, until it is raw. Doing it dry fleyts. Raspolirovka stop when the brush begins to paglipat to the lacquer. If the coating is too thick, the excess is removed by fleyts soaked in pinene.
In 15 minutes after only to have the picture of the inclined face to the wall. This is necessary to protect the fabric from dust. Also covered with varnish , the painting should be protected from low temperatures and humidity.