Advice 1: How to Prime the cardboard

The quality of the soil is essential for painting: durable and elastic, it allows the artist not only fun to work but also saves his work for many years. To well primed cardboard, it is important to take into account the properties and specifics of the soil.
How to Prime the cardboard
You will need
  • - cardboard;
  • - joiner's glue;
  • - oil white / chalk;
  • - sandpaper;
  • - PVA glue;
  • - bristle fleyts / hard brush.
Pick any of his works on cardboard. For further priming is important to choose a method, which takes into account the quality of the material. It depends on the components of which are made of cardboard. For example, rag cardboard gray has good elasticity and density, while wood is usually white or yellowish, and it is quite fragile. Note that under sunlight grey cardboard fade, and white yellow. Therefore, when priming use white and chalk. Artists usually choose the best varieties of rag or wood cardboardand a thickness of approximately 3-5 mm. It does not rot and does not crack.
Be sure to provide an appropriate quality of the soil. Primer is the first coating that is applied to the material intended for painting, and is located directly under a layer of paint. Durable and elastic, it closes the pores of the cardboardand gives it a uniform density and a slightly rough surface, which in turn provides optimal adhesion to the paint layer of the painting. So it is better to remain will be resistant to environmental influences.
To primed sheets of thin wood cardboardand use carpenter's glue. Many artists are primed cardboard yourself using those soil types, which are used on canvas. For example, soak the cardboard boiled oil (linseed oil), and give the sheet to dry for 2-3 weeks. Then cover in one or two layers of oil white and a good dry. Lightly sand surface with sandpaper. The treated cardboard is not warped, it is a pleasure to work with, paint lie flat and do not fade with time.
Try to primed cardboard emulsion PVA, which should be prepared from the glue and water in a ratio of 1:10 or 1:15. Glue the front surface of the cardboardand once or twice, let it dry and then Prime. Mass for priming includes 1 weight part of PVA, 2 to 4 weight parts water, 3/4 part by weight of dry zinc white and 3/4 part by weight of chalk. Apply it on the cardboard once evenly using a bristle fleyts or a stiff brush. Let the soil to dry thoroughly for 1-2 days. Then cover your cardboarding the basis of the second layer, making you will need: 1 weight part of gelatin; 15-17 parts by weight of water; and 0.4 part by weight of PVA; 2 weight parts of dry zinc white; 2 parts by weight of chalk. And need to purchase antiseptic - sodium pentachlorophenolate, which is in a mixture of 0.01 weight parts. A lot of preparing and priming the canvas.
To cardboard not warped, gratuite its two sides. The flip side is often coated with a thin layer of natural beeswax which is previously dissolved in turpentine at the temperature of 40-50oC. Such a wax solution is applied to fleyts. Can be primed and an aqueous solution of PVA glue in the ratio 1:10.

Advice 2: How to ground a car

Primer car is undoubtedly a very important process, without which can not do body repair. Apply primer to coating materials adhere to the metal surface. In addition, the primer protects the car from rust. To do the primer yourself, you need to have patience and the necessary tools.
How to ground a car
You will need
  • - spray gun (puller gun);
  • - sandpaper;
  • - rags;
  • - solvent;
  • - putty;
  • - spring-loaded spatulas;
  • - the capacity to ground;
  • - hardener.
Before starting work put on the car body the rags moistened in solvent (650), and wait 20 seconds. If the surface has no wrinkles, then you can go to the primer, but if they are – the car should be cleaned from old paint. Remove it with emery paper 180 and with the appearance of metal with emery paper 240.
Then wipe the surface of the body from dust, degrease where necessary pospolite. Take a springy spatula and apply putty across the defect, and then align along. Wait until the putty will dry, and then power trowel it with sandpaper 180 or 240. Recheck the surface of the body for scratches and irregularities. If any, remove them with sandpaper. Now you can go directly to the primer.
Mold soil into a container and stir it with a clean stick. Next, mix it with thinner and hardener, according to the proportions indicated on the package. The mixture also mix, but with another stick.
Cooked ground pour into the spray gun and adjust the power of the torch. To conduct the priming machines will be enough pressure to 3-4 atmospheres. Before you Prime the car, be sure to practice on any surface (wall, plywood). When you see that the soil forms a layer, you can go to the car.
Start from the edge and keep the gun at an angle of 45-60 degrees to the side, where there is no soil. Gratuite parallel strips so that they overlap each other halfway. After the primer, wait 15 minutes until it dries, and if necessary, you can apply the same pattern the second layer, which will be perpendicular to the first. Now the body is ready for painting.
The room for the primers should be spacious and clean to a maximum access to the machine.

The car can be applied up to three layers of primer.
Useful advice
Do not prepare large portions of primers, for example, on one wing is enough for 150 grams.

Advice 3: How to Prime the canvas

Efficiently primed the canvas, as the guarantee of preserving the brightness of the colors and durability of the fabric. For self-priming of the canvas, the artist creates an ideal basis for future paintings.
How to Prime the canvas

The preparatory phase

Before you begin the priming of the canvas it must be stretched on a frame and secure using a stapler or furniture nails. The cloth should be tight and no SAG. Skilled craftsmen pull the canvas is wet, for added tension of the canvas.

Before priming the canvas you want to glue. The glue will prevent symptoms of primer and paints on the reverse side of the canvas. For the initial treatment of suitable PVA glue. If the canvas is chunky knit, the adhesive should be applied in a thick layer using a rubber spatula or palette knife.

The more dense the fabric (canvas, canvas) that can be processed with paste are homemade. For this purpose suitable conventional starch. In a pot of water is filled with so much starch to make a viscous mass, and is brewed to achieve transparency. Paste made of starch is applied with a broad hammers finishing brush or a clothes brush.

After complete drying of the glue must be sanded. Use fine sandpaper.

Compositions for priming the canvas

Primed canvas to save ink consumption, to facilitate sliding of the brush and to give the canvas a uniform color. Most often primed canvas in white. However, if an artist plans to paint a picture with a predominantly dark background – it can add in the ground color pigments to canvas any color.

Adhesive primer quite heavily absorb paint, brush strokes will be more bright and matte. Glue soil made from one part gelatine, four parts of chalk or whiting and 15 parts of water.

Gelatine soaked and boiled in a water bath, whiting or chalk is dissolved in water and injected into the glue, then add a few drops of castor oil as a plasticizer.

The emulsion primer is the most practical. The first stage of the emulsion preparation of the soil is the same as that of the adhesive composition. Then added to the solution of high-purity linseed oil or linseed oil and a few drops of an antiseptic (phenol). You need to pour the oil in small portions and intensively stirring the solution. A sign of the quality of the emulsion is the uniformity of the whole: should not be separated and float in the oil.

Oily soil are obtained by using special oil white. After applying several layers of white canvas is aged for a year and a half to consolidate the layer.

Rules primer

Apply dirt part should be a thin layer. Emulsion and adhesive primer was applied with a wide brush, oil – with a thin spatula. The movement should be along and across the direction of the threads of the canvas.

Drying the primed canvas should in a natural way in well-ventilated areas. You can't rotate the canvas to the sun or the battery.

Advice 4: Toy furniture out of cardboard: fast and cheap

Chinese manufacturers today offer toys for every taste and budget. But you can remember your childhood, when the fantasy helped to transform a cardboard box into a magical castle, and samorzadny doll into a Princess. Why not develop the imagination of the child, to teach him to make simple crafts? For example, most of the furniture for the Dollhouse easy to do a couple of evenings. And then, suddenly, the kid already independently collects and new homes for the pups, showing creativity and ingenuity.
Toy furniture will easily fit in store-bought house
You will need
  • - corrugated cardboard;
  • - scissors and utility knife;
  • - glue stick;
  • - gouache or acrylic;
  • - fetr;
  • - self adhesive film under the tree.
Pick up pieces of corrugated cardboard. Best fit for DIY thick-walled boxes from large equipment. The thicker the cardboard, the faster you can collect the furniture.
Based on the size of dolls, draw on paper silhouettes of future furniture. Note that legs should not be too thin, otherwise the details will be harder to cut.
Transfer the contours of the parts on the cardboard so that all of them were located in the same direction. With a utility knife and ruler cut out the elements and seal in several layers. The number of layers depends on the thickness of the cardboard. Use a glue stick, as liquid glue can lead to deformation of the structure. Prodavlivaet each layer to cardboard well sealed.
Give the collected furniture to dry and carefully trim edges with a utility knife.
To decorate the toy in different ways. The easiest way to paint them with gouache or acrylic, using a wide brush and making sure that the paint got into all the grooves.
For Ottoman, you can sew a pouch out of felt or other easypayday tissue. Draw a net of a cube without one side, stitch the side seam "over the edge" turn and pull the case on a cardboard base.
The stool will become more elegant if on the backrest and seat to stick the strip of cloth. Easier to use a glue gun or glue of type "Moment-Crystal". The other parts attach the self-adhesive film podrachivaya slices inside the structure.
This technology is easy to make beds, chairs, benches, and other furniture. By the way, increasing the scale and procured enough sheets of cardboard to the large size and furniture of the human dimensions. Of course, in this case you will need a beautiful cover, but it would be easy and cheap.
Is the advice useful?