Advice 1: How to dilute oil paint

Oil paint is a wonderful material for painting. They leave a clear and vivid strokes, can achieve unexpected and bold colororiented solutions and transitions, and more durable than watercolor or gouache. No wonder most of the immortal canvases of the great painter created with oil paints. Have these paints one small negative – they dry. But do not worry, even very much dried oil paint can be diluted.
How to dilute oil paint
You will need
  • artistic varnish, turpentine, vegetable oil, white
To make the paint more liquid and return to her necessary for work consistency, use solvents. Of course, you can dilute the paints and conventional construction with a solvent, which is sold in any hardware store, but it is better to buy a special solvent for painting. These tools not give a yellow tint to the paint and not have such an intense smell. Be sure to check with the seller in an art store, and if in doubt, ask him to help you.
Try to dilute the paint with oil. For artistic colors will fit any vegetable oil, but most often used linen. Also great for these purposes, ordinary gum turpentine or artistic varnish. Keep in mind that by diluting the oil paint can lose color and look much paler, but after evaporation of solvent, their color returns to the original. It is therefore necessary to dilute the paint very carefully, constantly checking the result in a separate trial the canvas. For a softer effect, use a mixture of the art of varnish, oil and turpentine in equal proportions.
The amount of solvent adjust the very carefully. If the wrong ratio of thinner can make the paint too loose, deprived of their original properties. In addition, even if the color and structure will not change, heavily diluted oil paint would be worse to stay on the canvas, as the solvent disrupts the bonds in the paint. If the ratio of paint and solvent is chosen correctly, they increase the permeability of the paint and contribute to a more durable pin it to the canvas, making the top layer stronger.
It should be remembered that the properties of the solvent that you choose for your paint depends on the rate of drying works on canvas. If you want it dried faster, better stay on the turpentine or artistic Polish, and if you need a longer dry – add into the mixture the oil in the required proportions.
Useful advice
If the dilution of oil paints you want to make them a shade less bright and intense, must be added to the solvent or varnish white or light tone, warm colour.

Advice 2: How to dilute the paint

It happens - I bought the paint, put aside, after some time I decided to use, and it is already withered. Do not despair, all fixable.
How to dilute the paint
You will need
  • paint
  • - solvent
  • - wooden or plastic wand or other tool for mixing
  • - sealed container for mixing
First of all, you need to decide what paint need to be diluted. Paint at its core are divided into oil and water emulsion. The latter include watercolor, gouache, acrylic.
Accordingly, in order to dilute oil paint, solvents based on essential oils and dilution vodoemulsionki ordinary water. Although lately the market offers special chemical compositions for dilution of water-based paints.
The main disadvantage of oil-solvents - their pungent, suffocating odor. When using them you need to use gloves to protect your hands, and it is better to use a respirator or at least a well ventilated room for the entire period of the works and their completion.
The least safe are mineral spirits, turpentine (turpentine). The most harmful is acetone, solvent and xylene.

In Soviet times, it enjoyed great popularity linseed oil, but lately she almost never used. The thing is that it dries to form a thin film layer, which eventually cracks, and painted with linseed oil, the product becomes unsightly.
In principle, a solvent is necessary only at the time of paint application. After the coating paint products begins the phase of evaporation of the solvent. So it makes no sense to dilute them a large amount of paint, that paint is still not possible. The higher the quality of the solvent, the faster is the evaporation phase, the less you'll have to breathe an unpleasant odor. In addition, poor solvents after evaporation can cover the painted objects of the grease and other contaminants. So do not skimp on your physical and mental health, buy only high-tech materials.
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