First determine the technology building. There are two main ways: in the first first made a model, sheathe thin plywood. Then hang the finished hull with several layers of fiberglass. If you use the second option made the matrix, which then vyklevyvajut the hull of the boat.
The first option is suitable for those who are building the boat in one piece. The disadvantage of this method is that the finished hull needed to be rather time-consuming process. The second option is costly in time and material for the manufacture of the matrix, but it allows you to body with a perfect surface that needs only painting. This method is useful for small-scale production, as the matrix remains intact and ready to build another boat.
Choosing the first way to create, according to the drawings, a model of the future boats. If this is your first independent building, select a set of finished drawings - it will save you from many problems. To build the boat in his own drawings is only after acquiring some experience.
In the construction of boats use only stainless steel fasteners, brass or bronze screws and nails. Used fiberglass must be annealed with a blowtorch (but not perezhyte!) to a faint brown tint. Without this treatment, the fiberglass will not absorb used polyester or epoxy resins and the case will be very fragile.
When choosing a resin, remember that working with polyester resin is lighter than epoxy, but the strength of polyester resins is less. For veclachi the first layers of skin you will need stekloreza – that is the rough fiberglass weave. For the outer layers of the hull use fiberglass satin weave. On the top there is a glass – thin fabric weaving rare, well impregnated with resin.
Finished case where you want to locate and Polish. This work should start before the resin is finally cured. Be sure to work in a respirator, use electric tools to process a large corpus manually is very difficult.
If you choose the second option first, make a matrix. This will require you to create a set, reverse the case of the future boats. Use polyester resin, the thickness of the walls of the matrix should not do with less than 8 millimeters. The matrix must have edges of rigidity that it is not "led". Remember that the quality of the surface of the matrix determines the quality of the future of the hull of the boat.
Vileika case in the matrix, start with the application of the separating layer – without it, the body tightly stuck to the matrix. As a separation layer, use the wax for floors, vaseline, wax. After application starts forming the hull of the boat. First apply a decorative (colored) layer, its thickness is 0.4-0.6 mm. and Then sequentially stacked layers of fiberglass, fiberglass and stalloreggi. All the layers are carefully primatyvajutsja roller to the surface of the matrix.
After the formation of the corps you need to install (paste) the inner set. Do it right in the matrix, this method will allow to avoid deformations. The deck is manufactured in a separate matrix and connect with the body or wilate. Done properly, in the matrix case does not require additional finishing and staining.
Advice 2: How to make a boat
A private boat is the dream of many and most people, its presence is associated with luxury and wealth of the owner. Few people realize that having some skills of building and construction, anyone can build their own boat made of fiberglass, covered with waterproof plywood, and having the cabin, the bridge, and powerful enough to travel through the water motor.
Use accurate drawings for the construction of parts and elements of the hull of the boat. To start on a plywood panel with a width exceeding the width of the body 30 cm and a length exceeding the height of the Cabinet 40 cm, raschertite real size of the frames and the contour of the stem.
Swipe on the upper ends of the frames a horizontal line. Carving out patterns, consider the thickness of the strips and the material of the inner liner of the boat. Fragments of cross connect patterns using the pads of plywood inch thick.
Before assembling all of the fragments of the boats provide the most convenient method of installation of the cladding.
Assemble the matrix of the boat so that you have got a tough and durable construction which does not deform during further construction and Assembly of parts.
Pull along the boards installed in the base matrix of the case, the steel wire, which will allow you to navigate the construction of the vessel.
Installation patterns start with the mid-bulkhead, securing the item vertically and perpendicular lines.
Install braces on the bars of the base of the boat. Install then all the patterns and start sheathing the inside of the shell longitudinal strips with a thickness of 15 mm and a width of 50 mm.
The bottom inside obliviate slats with a width of 100 mm. Set one rail on Board, and the second on the bottom, and then install the slats at the upper edges of the sides.
The inner surface of the housing after installation of all elements of the drawing panel three millimeters thick plywood or hardboard, gluing sheathing material glue and zashpaklevyvaem the cracks with epoxy putty. The quality of the putty must be high – line maximum surface of plywood, sand it and paint with two layers of waterproof paint.
After the surface is dry apply wax or vaseline, and then attach it to the fiberglass and a final outer covering (laminate or GRP). Your boat will have a triple-layered lining.
In order to fill the deck light material, use a thick and lightweight foam. Using drawings, fabricate the upper deck and the wheelhouse of the captain.
If the work will lead to a few people, you can make a boat fast enough, saving a large amount of money on its purchase.
Advice 3: How to register a boat
Who does not want to shoot the breeze along the river or the sea? Realizing his dream of many Russians to buy or build yourself quite comfortable and fast boats. But immediately after the purchase or construction of the boat before the new owners face the task of registration.
With the acquisition of boats, you become its owner, but do not acquire the right to float on it. Before you can get it on the water and to enjoy the speed and fresh wind, you must register the boat in the GIMS – the State Inspection on small size vessels.
Check the boat you have to spend at the place of residence – that is, in the nearest branch of GIMS in your area. Go to GIMS, take the receipt form on payment of fees - will tell you what amount you should pay. Fee will pay in the savings Bank and then go to GIMS.
Your boat should inspect the inspector. You have two options: to bring the boat in GIMS or bring your inspector to the place of storage of the boat. The call of the inspector costs about 500 rubles per hour. Before you call the inspector or to bring the boat in GIMS, take care of all the necessary documents.
You will need: documents on the boat, proving your ownership of something there is a contract of sale. Technical passport of the boat and propulsion system. ID and INN. If your boat is homemade, you will have to provide receipts for purchased materials.
Given that cash register receipts fade quickly, store them in a sealed envelope in the fridge, or when buying materials take receipts. For homemade boats you need and drawing in three projections numbered showing the main structural elements.
While the inspector will have to inspect your boat, you will write a statement. If your craft meets all the requirements, the inspector places an inspection, you'll get the necessary documents. You will be assigned a time when you will be able to ship the ticket; usually have to wait two to three weeks.
After obtaining ship ticket you will be put on Board the boat received a registration number and to equip it with security features in accordance with the requirements of GIMS. If you have the right to control the boat, you can launch it and start enjoying all the pleasures vodnomotornyy walks. If no rights, you have to get them by taking a course at GIMS and passing after the necessary theoretical and practical tests.