You will need
- - access to the Internet;
- - passport;
- - library card to the library;
- - dictionary of names.
Ask your relatives about family history. Gather even small information, but especially pay attention to where the family lived, if she moved, what he did and grandparents professionally.
Find your name in one of the dictionaries of surnames. It will not help you to know your specific ancestry but will indicate in which direction to move. For example, in such dictionaries may contain information in which geographic area had the name, is it foreign or Russian origin, in which social layer is spread. It will narrow the circle of your search.
Examine the aspect of family history associated with participation in hostilities. In particular, start a study with a "memory Book" is a relatively complete collection of the names of the dead and missing during the great Patriotic war. It can be found in museums, large libraries and on the Internet in digital form.
Go to the website of the "memorial" society. There on the search page, enter your surname, name and patronymic of your family memberalleged to have participated in the great Patriotic war. In response, the system will display a list of names of the dead and missing soldiers. In this list you can specify the year of birth and death of his relative, and place of birth that will help you to Refine your search of relatives.
If you know the names of your ancestors who are of age can participate in the first world war, find in the library filing military journals of the period, such as "Russian invalid". They also published lists of the dead and missing.
After you have figured out geographically where your ancestors lived, try a search in the archive of the appropriate region or city. The difficulty is that person in the files you will not allow, if you have nothing to do with a research Institute or study at the faculty of history. But you can order in the archive are a certificate or extract of the your documents. A number of archives provide paid assistance to those involved in the search for ancestry, for example, advice to to approach.
If you don't have time for detailed genealogical research, you can order a similar study professionals. The cost depends on the specifics of each individual study.
Advice 2: How to find your ancestors
People should know their roots. That is why many are so eager to restore the family tree to find ancestors. However, this is a difficult task, have patience and perseverance to spend the time and effort.
First specify the surname, name and patronymic of your most distant ancestor. It will begin the search for all the other family, because I need a lead. In addition to these data we should know the year and place of birth of the person whose information you are going to look. After all the data about the people in archives are grouped not alphabetically, but by years and districts. So the priests were parish registers.
Next you need to contact the archive at the place of birth of your ancestor with the request. The request can be sent personally by mail. Archive staff will look for records about you to the right person in the registers. There may be mentioned not only the date of his birth, but also parents. So you can find the information for the further restoration of the pedigree. Because the records about the parents can be specified, where they are, which belonged to the estate.
If your ancestors belonged to the merchants, the Cossacks, prospectors, etc. classes, you can look for information about them in the historic funds or the regional Museum. But it will have to do yourself, diligently working in the reading room. But I can be receipts, petitions of their ancestors , and similar information.
The discrepancy between the actual and the expected date of birth of your ancestor should not be more than 5 years.
Some state archives have special departments dedicated to locating the ancestors and making a family tree. But this service is worth a lot.
Advice 3: How to restore your ancestry
Interest in his roots, to the history of his family more often arises among our countrymen. People come back to their past and trying to recreate the way of life of their ancestors. However, the social and political upheavals of the twentieth century has done for many Russians it is difficult to find their origins. Wars, revolutions, mass repressions and the migration of peoples – all this is so mixed up fate that sometimes seems impossible any restoration of the family history. In fact it is not, to restore their ancestry , even if there is virtually no reliable information about the ancestors.
To begin the search for their roots need with all available information. Even if you have no surviving relatives of the older generation – grandparents, at least there is evidence about their deaths, birth certificates of your parents and their marriage. And this is a good point of reference from which to push off.
It is important to remember that all genealogical research is based on three basic principles: people's names, dates and location (i.e. names of settlements and institutions). Only all together they can reconstruct the exact history of a sort. So start your research you need always with a detailed survey of all surviving relatives, even distant. Their stories and testimonies need to write up, paying particular attention to the four characteristics (the exact names, dates, titles). You also need to collect all available family documents, including even the seemingly insignificant like school diaries, hospital tests or the private letters and telegrams. The fact that even such a "niche" documents may contain references to specific places of stay of the person, the dates of his life events.
Documentary evidence of births, deaths, marriages of the next of kin can be obtained in the Registrar's office. Under Russian law, these documents are stored in the archives of the registry office for 70 years, then transferred to the State archives. Currently, to obtain the necessary information by private request can any citizen of the Russian Federation.
To collect information Dating from before 1918, should apply to such documents as parish registers, churches, Census tales. Metric or parish books was carried out in every branch of the Church of Russia before the revolution of 1917. They contained three main sections: the birth and baptism of parishioners, deaths and marriages. After 1919, the parish registers have been deposited in the Registrar's office. Churches have existed since 1718г. and contained information on all the parishioners, who had been at confession, and absent on it. Census tales is a periodic census of the tax-paying population of the Russian Empire, which were held every few years. They contained information not only about a specific representative of a class, but the information about his occupation and his family. These three sources are essential to reconstructing the history of any kind.
Of great importance for research can also play the First all-Russian census in 1897 It contained detailed information about the composition of family, age of all its members, including children and babies, information on the occupations of adult family members, their household and property. This census can now be found in the state archives.
In addition to the basic named data sources may be used as the archives of those institutions in which he worked your relatives throughout his life. Information about the soldiers to obtain Military-historical archive in Moscow. This will require knowledge of the names and numbers of military units, which were ancestors, and approximate dates of service.
Advice 4: How to find your family history
To learn the history of your family you can contact any organization that deals with genealogy. And to study the history of his family, fascinating, interesting, though occupying a lot of time. In order to be more productive, follow certain rules.
To study the history of his family, you'll need information about their family, living and long dead. Start with those relatives who I know well. Record all the information about your parents, next of grandparents, and then ask those and others about the rest of the family. Further search for data on earlier generations.
First, start looking for information at home — in the family archives, letters, diaries, notebooks, newspaper clippings, photo albums, on the back of the photos. Pay attention to names, dates, place of residence, family ties. The study of these materials will cause you to take another look at the parents, grandmothers and grandfathers, will open the world of relationships and feelings, successes and failures.
For further information, interview relatives. From their memories, you can learn many interesting facts from the life of their ancestors, the motives and the time of moving, changing jobs, an attitude to religion, to obtain information about the financial situation, physical condition, appearance, habits, to get acquainted with family stories. Conversing with relatives, prepare a list of questions, which can easily direct the conversation without losing the thread of the conversation.
Use official documents, study found the house and discovered in the archives. The birth certificate you will find information such as the time and place of birth, surname, names, patronymics of parents. A marriage certificate contains information about the time and place of the marriage, birth dates of spouses, maiden names of the mother. The certificate of dissolution of marriage, date of divorce, place of registration, post-nuptial surnames of the spouses. From a death certificate you will learn the time, place and the cause. In the passport in addition to personal information about the person (name, date of birth, place of residence) contains information about his wife, children (their names and dates of birth). Here you have one or several photos of the owner, may be information about the blood group. Work book provides information on education, jobs and positions. Data on education, profession, awards, and titles of ancestors can contain certificates, certificates, certificates, certificate, diploma, award certificates. For men (and some women) universal document is a military ID that contains all this information including: the height, weight, head size and shoes.
Organize all the collected information. Group the material by topics in folders, authors, addressees, chronology. Secure in the form of a table or try to make a family tree. Of course, in some lines or boxes, you'll have empty seats. Send the partially completed table to your relatives with the request to fill in the gaps in known information.