Advice 1: How to determine the azimuth of the map

In order to move the compass, use the map to determine the azimuth. This is true for aircraft and vessels engaged on long flights and swimming. This is true for walkers in poor visibility conditions, at night, when there is no possibility to move along the guide.
How to determine the azimuth of the map
You will need
  • - map;
  • - compass;
  • - protractor;
  • - the range;
  • pencil.
Instruction
1
The azimuth is the angle between the Meridian location and direction on the subject. It is expressed in degrees from 0 to 360 and rotates clockwise.

To determine the azimuth direction of the object – and maybe the direction of your movement, you need to know your location. Mark it on the map, focusing on the surrounding landmarks, marked on the map.
2
Find the landmark in the direction where you should move. Rectilinear motion in azimuth is possible in the airspace and on the high seas. On land applicable in the open steppe or in the desert.

More often than not, the land is in a broken line, considering the natural obstacles. Therefore, the azimuth in motion will have you periodically adjusted.
3
For azimuth you will need a protractor, preferably a transparent ruler and a pencil. Put a ruler on the map so that the point of your site and the benchmark was on the line, and draw a pencil line to its intersection with the nearest Meridian. Now attach to the Meridian line of the protractor with its base. Bring the Central risk to the intersection with a line drawn by the direction of the landmark. On the arc of the protractor at the intersection of the same line take readings in degrees. This will be the azimuth.
4
In the absence of the protractor you can use the compass using its graduated kartoshku.
5
But that's not all. For example, you the direction to the reference point (azimuth) was 30 degrees. This will be the true azimuth, which usually differs from magnetic. Therefore, orienting your compass is 30 degrees and move in that direction would be wrong.

So find on the map nearest the vicinity of your location remark with a value of magnetic declination. It is expressed in degrees and can be with a sign + and a minus value.

Enter the amendment, and move boldly, guided by the compass.
Note
Azimuth (denoted by "AZ" or "Az") — in surveying, the angle between the direction of the North (in the southern hemisphere — South) and direction on any remote object. Usually measured clockwise.
Useful advice
The azimuth is the angle formed between the direction to the object location and the direction of North. To identify areas in a given azimuth, it is necessary to set the pointer sighting device compass point of division, the corresponding value of a given azimuth; rotate the compass so that the pointer vane was ahead

Advice 2 : How to calculate the azimuth

When orienteering is often necessary to move it in the directions specified in advance and not on the sides of the horizon. How this can help us to compass? For movement in the direction you need the ability to calculate the azimuth, i.e. the value that characterizes the angle between the North direction and the direction to the selected landmark.
How to calculate the azimuth
You will need
  • Compass
Instruction
1
Imagine that you are standing in the center of the circle, which is divided into 360 equal parts, and the zero mark is pointing in the North direction. Strokes respectively the other will be sent from the point your location in different directions.
2
Using the counts caused by each stroke, you can specify the direction to any selected as a landmark object on the ground. Assume that the transmission tower is located in front of the bar with a count of 270. This would mean that the object is located from us in the direction that is determined by this count. The angle isexpressed in degrees measured in the direction of clockwise from the North direction to the direction of the predetermined reference point is called the azimuthohms.
3
To determine the azimuthand take up the compass, release the brake of the magnetic needle. Give the compass a strictly horizontal position. After the arrow will cease to oscillate and will rest, align the zero division of the circular scale with the end of the arrow that points North. You have just produced an orienteering compass.
4
Careful now, not to knock the orientation of the compass, rotate the cover so that the front sight was directed toward the selected reference point, and the slot – in your direction. It was necessary to see through the slit and the fly on the landmark. Watch it to the end of the arrow was all the time combined with the zero division. Countdown opposite the pointer (near the fly) will be the numerical expression of the azimuthand the reference point.
5
If you are faced with the inverse problem, i.e. finding the necessary direction on the well-known azimuth, then set the pointer from the fly on equal to the given azimuthat the starting point (e.g., 300 degrees). Now set the compass horizontally and Orient to the North in the way described above. Carefully, trying not to knock out, look at the area through the slit and the fly. On this line choose any point of reference. Direction from your point of standing on the reference point will correspond to the azimuth.

Advice 3 : How to know the azimuth

Everyone at least once in my life had to walk in the woods and think about what to do if you get lost. To navigate the terrain can be different, a lot of ways, the most common are the compass and visible objects surrounding countryside.
How to know the azimuth
Instruction
1
The azimuth is the angle formed between the direction of any visible object area and the direction of the North. The Azimuts is calculated clockwise and the value is from 0 to 360 degrees. To determine the magnetic bearing of the object, take a compass and stand facing the designated object.
2
Put the compass on a horizontal flat surface face up and turn left, then right, until the arrow of the compass the magnetized end will not install in front of the letter S. This is the direction of the North.
3
Now on the glass cover of the compass, place the match so that one end of it passed through the center of the compass, and the other would be focused on selected subject areas. View through the glass on the bottom of the compass and read the number that is under the outer end of a match. This figure shows the value of the azimuth.
4
The azimuth can be determined even on the map. To do this, place the side edge of the card compass, turn the map so that its side edge coincided with the direction of the magnetic compass to the North. The top edge of the card must be on the letter C. Then locate a point on the map which you want to start a movement, join it by a straight line with the object to which you want to come. After you move the compass so that its center was on the point of origin. Hell on the map will be located opposite certain of the numbers on the compass, which will show the azimuth value.
5
The azimuthcalculated from the point of standing in the subject area, known as a direct magnetic azimuth. To find the way back, often using the notion of inverse azimuth that is 180 degrees different from the direct. To determine back azimuth, it is necessary to direct the azimuth, add 180 degrees, if it is less than 180 degrees; or subtract if it is greater than 180 degrees.
Useful advice
It is not recommended to raise the compass to eye level - the measurement accuracy is reduced.
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