You will need
- Information about an article, a text editor.
Specify the name and initials of the author. The design of the article in the list of literature must begin with the name of the author. After it after a space indicate the initials. For example: Ivanov I. I. don't forget that after each of the initial motion. If there are several authors, enter them separated by commas: Ivanov I. I., Petrov p. P.
Write with capital letter the name of the article without using quotation marks. Between the already mentioned initials and the title of the article no punctuation should not be, except the point after the initials of the last author. You should come to this result: Ivanov I. I., Petrov p. P. Why the sun shines?
Specify the name of the journal or the publication where it was published used in the article. The title of the book is written without quotation marks. Between the titles of articles and publication, put a space, two slash tilted to the right, and space bar again. Example: Ivanov I. I., Petrov p. P. Why the sun shines? // Science.
Write next year, the issue number in which the article was published and the pages on which it is located. Refer to this information through the dash. Please note that when you specify the pages use the abbreviation "S." and not "page". The article is framed properly, if it has the following form: Ivanov I. I., Petrov p. P. Why the sun shines? // Science – 2011 - № 6, p.14-15.
Change the order of an article, if it was taken from an electronic source. In this case, after the year of publication in square brackets specify that this electronic resource. Example: Ivanov I. I., Petrov p. P. Why the sun shines? // Science – 2011. [Electronic resource].
Email address which is used by you article. After the URL, specify in parentheses the date you access this source. The end result: Ivanov I. I., Petrov p. P. Why the sun shines? // Library – 2011. [Electronic resource]. URL: link (accessed 27.09.2011).
These rules are governed by accepted 1 January 2008 and GOST R 7.0.5-2008.
Advice 2 : How to make a bibliography
That written, job - control, course, theses. It would seem that you can breathe and relax. By the way, many do. And completely lose sight of what they are all intelligently designed. As a rule, the list of used literature , the students believe is not the most important part of writing. However, teachers do not agree, and even lower evaluation for incorrectly issued a list.
You will need
- -all the books that were used for writing the work;
- -Internet sources with references;
- -magazines and Newspapers, referred to in the work.
A list of literature or, as it is also called, the bibliography is placed at the end of the work. Is made in the form of a list. And can be grouped according to various criteria. For example, be alphabetical, systematic and chronological, in order of appearance in the text. Most popular alphabetical view of bibliography. So, start making a list of used literature, you need to start to organize your sources of information.
First and foremost, in the list are regulatory or legal documents, if any, was used. But just to write: decree number such and such is impossible. Information in the bibliography must be complete. For example, a reference to any normative document need to issue the following: law of the Russian Federation from 07.02.1992, № 2300-1 "On consumer protection” (in red, introduced with effect from 15.01.1996 g. the Federal law of 09.01.1996, No. 2-FZ). // SZ THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION. – 1996. - No. 3. – St. 140. By the way, links to such documents only, which in the alphabetical list of literature, are not in alphabetical order, and on the importance of the document. For example, the reference to the Constitution of the Russian Federation is more important than the Law of the Russian Federation. Therefore, the Constitution should be the first number.
On the writing of the book. The main thing when making to carefully study the data written on the flyleaf. And you need to copy them verbatim, without losing a single comma or period. Another important measure has been the publishing house that printed the book. It is also necessary to specify. And, as a result, reference to a book should look like this: Akhtyamov M. K., Likholetov V. V. the Innovative potential of universities in the system of formation of the competitive business environment of the region: monograph. – M.: journal of Creative economy, 2008. – 352 s.: Il. ISBN 978-5-91292-036-3
If the writing of the book was attended by a group of authors (but not more than three persons), then the citation should begin with the names and initials of the authors. But you can specify only one name.
Then issued periodicals. Specify the author, title of material, title of the journal or newspaper, year and issue number. To earn extra bonus from the teacher, you can also specify the page start and end of the article. Looks like link to the periodicals thus: Morozova, L. A. the Functions of the Russian state at the present stage / A. L. Morozova, V. I. Smirnov. // State and law. - 1993. - No. 6. - S. 98-108.
Reference to electronic sources does not differ much from the reference to a periodical publication. Also indicated for the first author, then article title and after the name of the website where the information was taken. You also need to specify another URL and the date of application. The link comes out like this: S. Popov. Financial reporting in the era of knowledge economy. // Library of Creative economy. – 2005. [Electronic resource]. URL: http://creativeconomy.ru/library/prd93.php (accessed 07.04.2009).
When compiling a bibliography you need to remember that the main principle of it is this: important to make it easy to find. Therefore, all background information must be stated fully and correctly. This will be the key to successful written work.
Importantly, in compiling the list of literature is diligence and care. It is very laborious and can take several hours. But the result is worth it.