For good growth of garlic needed a Sunny location and soil with lots of sand and humus. It is best to grow garlic from cloves. Planted garlic is usually not a hill, because of possible water stagnation is detrimental to him. Land excavated to a depth of 5-8 cm, not more than: the soil below needs to be solid, it is on this ground and will fall a segment.
Fertilizing the soil, it should be remembered that the garlic does not tolerate high concentrations of salts, so the solutions are ready mineral fertilizers better diluted. Also, the fertilizer must contain nitrogen. To fertilize the soil in advance is necessary, not just before landing, that the land had to be enriched with trace elements.
Cloves planted in the fall, early enough that the garlic has time to take root before the frost. The recommended period is the second half of September. Approximately a month can seem like the shoots of garlic that will testify of his establishment. Rooted the garlic ready for the winter and for spring growth. Garlic for the winter sheltering layer of hay or fallen leaves, but not a continuous layer, and "stripes" to leave access to light and air. Garlic is a fairly hardy so that it does not require excessive sheltering.
Spring heater can not be removed, as the garlic will sprout through it, and additional weight will serve as fertilizer.
Appeared in the spring blossoms of garlic, you can break it, and you can collapse the ring to get "bullock", of which later it is possible to grow garlic. Young garlic can be eaten by the end of June. The willingness of garlic is determined by the condition of the stem at the root collar if the stem is hard, so it is still active nutrients, that is, the growth of the garlic continues. When it becomes soft, then the garlic, you can dig up.
During the cleaning makes sense to defer the largest bulbs, then to take slices of them for divorce. The selected slices should be dry to avoid sprouting, and to postpone until September.
Advice 2 : When and how to plant garlic
What time to plant garlic?
In the period from mid-September to October planting winter garlic. Spring garlic is planted after the cessation of frost is around the end of April. The garlic planted in the fall, inside the head is the barrel, which is not observed in winter. Spring planted cloves of garlic pressed tightly to each other. Spring harvest is very well preserved, and winter planting brings a great harvest.
Preparing for landing
Before the upcoming planting is recommended to allow the seed garlic in the refrigerator for two to three weeks. Further planting material should be soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, to do this, dissolve one gram of potassium permanganate per liter of water. Can be used for the same purpose saline, for preparation of which mix three tablespoons of salt with a bucket of water. Select a suitable place for planting garlic, excellent predecessors will be cauliflower, early cabbage, zucchini or cucumber.
It is undesirable to plant the crop after onions, potatoes and garlic.
Growing spring garlic
After the designation of the beds need to dig the ground with a bayonet spade, smooth the surface with a rake. In the garden, do the edges, to preserve the necessary moisture is not dripping. Liberally pour a bed of salt solution, so you will be able to disinfect the soil (three tablespoons of salt per ten gallons of water).
Divide the head into cloves, rotten, empty and sick slices remove. Slide the crown teeth in the ground to a depth of three centimeters. Distance between landings should be ten inches between the rows fifteen inches. The garden bed sprinkle sawdust or sifted sand. Sprinkle landing. Do not have to cover the garlic with foil, as it is quite frost resistant.
After emergence and fed garlic and ammonium sulphate, which will help to protect plants from pests. In June make a second foliar application of garlic. Planting require heavy watering until the beginning of August. The water will saturate the head with moisture, they will become juicy and large. Maid culture is done until the arrival of cold weather (in September).
Garlic is very useful for human health, it contains a lot of vitamins. It is used prophylactically to prevent colds.
The cultivation of winter garlic
To prepare a bed for planting winter garlic needs a few weeks, after making it peat, ash, sand. Then dig half of a bayonet spade. Bessarabia the soil a week before planting, it can be done with the help of fitosporin. Themselves teeth deepen seven to nine inches, sprinkle the top with humus per centimeter. The garlic needs to take root before the cold weather. In the summer, spring and winter garlic gives the arrows that need to be removed as they prevent to obtain a good harvest.
Advice 3 : If planting garlic seeds
- - seeds of garlic;
- - fertilizer.