At home grown 2 types of garlic: winter and spring. Winter garlic planted in the fall (September or October), he is actively growing in spring and summer harvested his crop. This is usually stored garlic until February. Spring garlic planting in spring and harvest it harvested in the fall.

Planting garlic

Seed is recommended to hold for 2-3 weeks in the refrigerator. Before planting garlic dipped in a weak solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 1 liter of water) or salt solution (7-8 liters of water will need 3 tablespoons of salt). And for 8-10 hours before planting, the bulbs of the garlic is heated in a well-ventilated area at a temperature of 40 - 41os.
The garlic cannot be planted on low-lying soils where spring can accumulate melt-water, and at higher elevations, where in winter a strong wind blows the snow, causing the probability of freezing garlic.

For the selected for planting garlic a plot of ground digging at the level of bayonet spade, after which the soil is spread. The station limit boards: so necessary for the growth of garlic moisture is better preserved. Then fumigating the soil: cultivate the land brine (on 9-10 l of water take 3 tbsp. of salt).

Heads garlic, separated into cloves, then each clove is inserted into the ground at a distance of 8-10 cm from each other. Cover the patch with sand or sawdust. Pour the garlic and sprinkle the ground (if the garlic is planted in the spring, it is not necessary to do so). The depth of planting of spring garlic 4-6 cm, winter – 8-9 cm

Particularly care for garlic

Garlic is recommended to use mineral and organic fertilizers. The land on which the garlic was planted in the fall, fertilize with compost or humus (flow rate: 6-7 kg per 1 sq. m). But don't fertilize the plant with fresh manure, because this food will lead to strong growth, vegetative parts and yield decrease. In addition, garlic is responsive to potash and phosphate fertilizers: these items increase the hardiness of the plant. In the spring, after the emergence of the first seedling with soil fed mineral fertilizer: for the treatment plots of 10 sq m, you will need 90-100 g superphosphate, 60 g of ammonium nitrate and 55-60 grams of potassium sulphate. The second spring feeding performed 30 days after the first (the dosage is the same).
Signs of maturity of the garlic formed a dense shell around the head, yellow leaves.

Although garlic does not tolerate waterlogged, during the growing season it must be constantly watered. The plant is watered once a week with the impregnation of the soil to a depth of 30 cm For 27 to 30 days before harvest stop watering.