Choose a topic and supervisor. The relevance and novelty of the work are the basic criteria of the thesis. However, the level of many scientific studies is poor, and noted in the annual reports of HAC - Higher attestation Commission. In order to navigate the work of colleagues, you should consult the Electronic library of dissertations - http://diss.rsl.ru/. Residents of the regions will be particularly useful section of "Virtual reading rooms". Those libraries that have database access electronic databases.
There are four tactics degree. To become a PhD, you can choose to study at postgraduate or part-time. This is the way to recent students or University staff. In any case, this format requires a constant assistance of the supervisor, classes in philosophy and foreign language (so-called candidate minimum). There are such forms as competition and self-training. The applicant may appear at the University raids. Self-study is more of a rarity than the rule. This option should be borne in mind, but to be guided preferably on the first three. Fellowship involves entrance exams, and competition - going through some bureaucratic procedures. And postgraduate training, and competition may apply. The amount depends on higher education.
The following years involve practical and theoretical work, writing scientific articles and publishing them in journals WAC (this is the list of scientific journals approved by Higher attestation Commission). Graduate pass candidate minimum of philosophy, foreign language and specialty. But most important is the thesis. After it was written (and this is scientific work from 100 to 350 printed pages), you need to squeeze out of it the abstract of the report, which will be heard by the dissertation Council on defense.
Candidate minimums when delivered, the package of articles is ready, the practical part of the research conducted and the thesis with a written thesis, graduate student, or applicant, is to launch protect. Need to find the thesis Committee (usually the scientific Director is well-versed in this issue). For doctors, there are special dissertation councils (doctoral councils), which are authorized to write application to the VAK with the request to award the PhD doctoral degree.
Graduate students ochniki and time students each year write reports on the work done. For resident students, the thesis must be ready in three years. For external students - four. The competition involves a deadline of ten years.
Advice 2 : Giving the candidates at least
Candidate minimum – a list of exams taken by graduate students or applicants of a scientific degree of candidate of Sciences. It is an important part of the evaluation of the teaching staff.
The goal for the candidate degree (master's exam) — to determine the depth of professional knowledge of the applicant's degree, as well as to determine the level of readiness for independent scientific research work. For the award of a scientific degree of candidate of Sciences candidate examinations (philosophy, foreign language and special discipline) is required.
Candidate examinations on philosophy and foreign language are held at the model education programs developed and approved by the Ministry of education. The exam on special discipline for program consisting of two parts: a typical minimum program for speciality developed the leading in the industry of higher educational establishments and scientific institutions; an additional program of the program – is developed by the relevant Department of the particular University.
In practice, candidate examinations are accepted twice a year in the form of sessions, timing and duration of which are set directly by the higher education institution, conducting the candidate exams. At the discretion of the Commission for PhD examinations shall be by ticket or without them, and the knowledge of future scientists and teachers are evaluated by the school system: "excellent", "good", "satisfactory", "unsatisfactory". The exam will be given one attempt to re-take the exam in a single session is impossible.
The successful candidate examinations is an important stage in the career of a specialist. In front of the examinee, it opens the possibility of obtaining the certificate which grants the right to defend his thesis. The deadlines for the candidate degree and certificate validity is unlimited.
In accordance with the regulations on training scientific-pedagogical and scientific shots in system of postgraduate professional education in the Russian Federation, candidate examinations are compulsory for the award of a scientific degree of candidate of Sciences and candidates for a degree of doctor of science, having a scientific degree of candidate of Sciences.
Students who have passed in full or in part candidate examinations, admission to graduate school are exempt from the relevant exams. The decision on admission to graduate school or denial of admission reported coming within a week.