Advice 1: How to bring people out of coma

Coma is a serious condition of man, in which he loses consciousness. The body begins to progress, the depression of the nervous system, disorder of the respiratory, circulatory and other important functions. Modern medicine may not always bring the person out of coma, but a number of relatively effective methods still exists.
How to bring people out of coma
Instruction
1
First of all, define the type of coma. A similar condition can occur for a variety of reasons – due to brain injury, stroke, infectious disease, and progressive diabetes. Only in the latter case, you can count on a medical cure. In other types of coma specialists don't give guarantees.
2
If the person is plunged into a state of coma, should act immediately. It is necessary to ensure the access of oxygen to the brain and increase blood flow to it. It will provide medical equipment.
3
Should continuously record changes in brain activity and body functions in order to take timely action. For example, to increase the supply of oxygen to the brain, to ensure saturation of the blood.
4
Medicines that can bring man from coma (except diabetic), simply does not exist. It is considered that the body must mobilize and get out of the pathological state of coma. Do not rush to give up and start looking for alternatives.
5
Neuropsychology argue that to overcome, who often helps the flow of external information. Regularly tell anything to the patient, turn the music up, take him by the hand. A lot of cases where the result of such actions the man recovered.
Useful advice
To bring people out of coma is not easy. Even specialized medical centers with all the necessary equipment and experienced qualified staff, often powerless.
Some achievements in this area exist. For example, American scientists carried out experiments on the electrical stimulation of the brain. The results of the research it became clear that progress in treatment for the face. Scientists now continue development in this area. While the main problem lies in the complexity of the methodology.

Advice 2: How to withdraw from coma

The person who is in a coma, often in need of resuscitation and intensive therapy. That is why in this period it is necessary to provide comprehensive treatment and care in a special institution.
How to withdraw from coma
Instruction
1
Take all possible measures to clarify the correct diagnosis of the patient, in parallel with resuscitation. This requires additional methods of examination (laboratory, clinical), identification of history. After ascertaining the probable causes, which has led the development of coma, conduct etiological and pathogenetic therapy. Remember: the main goal of all activities is the rapid removal of the patient from a comatose state.
2
Take care of the intensive care patient. Shall mean the maintenance and correction of vital functions of man. The primary goal of treatment will be considered: prevention of cerebral edema and hypoxia, prevention of pressure sores, control of pelvic organs, meeting the energy needs of the body, compensation for violations of water-electrolyte metabolism, detoxification; control of hypertension, improving metabolism, and maintaining cerebral and General hemodynamics, the maintenance of normal lung ventilation, monitoring of possible complications (pneumonia, pulmonary edema, pulmonary embolism, atelectasis), etc.
3
Depending on the results of laboratory and clinical studies organize the etiological pathogenetic and therapeutic measures. As a rule, in renal insufficiency, hemodialysis is appointed, with status epilepticus - the introduction of anticonvulsants, purulent meningitis is treated with antibiotics, with drug overdose - naloxone, in alcoholic coma - large doses of vitamin b in cases of poisoning - use of appropriate antidotes, if ketoacidosis is insulin, etc. In each case, the treatment of the patient individually, depending on indications of studies conducted by the attending physician.
4
After the removal of a person from a coma pay special attention to the pathological manifestations that brought the patient to the development of this condition. If necessary, take care of the rehabilitation activities.

Advice 3: How to determine type of diabetes

Diabetes (blood glucose) is a chronic disorder in which the blood sugar level. If you can learn to control its performance, the diabetes of the disease to turn into a particular way of life. Then it will be possible to avoid related complications. Your actions will depend on what type of glucose you are suffering.
How to determine type of diabetes
You will need
  • - to donate blood for analysis.
Instruction
1
There are two types of disease: type I is insulin-dependent and type II – non-insulin dependent.
2
Type I occurs in people with reduced insulin production. In this case, the pancreas cannot cope with the production of the hormone. He is either not produced at all or produced in minimal quantities and are not able to process the volume of incoming glucose, as a result there is an increase in its level in the blood. As a rule, the disease occurs in children, adolescents and young adults. In this type of diabetes need to constantly introduce myself insulin to prevent the increase of ketone bodies in urine and to sustain life.
3
In type I diabetes slows the flow of sugar from the blood into cells and it is excreted in the urine. Since sugar is the main source of energy, the cells begin to starve. The main symptoms are frequent and copious urination, weakness, weight loss and excessive thirst. They allow to identify the person glycemia.
4
If you have diabetes type I, you need to measure the sugar at least 4 times a day - morning on an empty stomach and before major meals. Sometimes it's necessary to control it before bedtime, 2 hours after a meal and 3-4 hours in the morning.
5
Type II occurs with both too little and at a sufficient production of insulin. However, the hormone may be useless as tissues lose sensitivity to it. Type II diabetes is mostly appears in adulthood, the field 35-40 years. Its development is often associated with excess weight. Therefore, when this type of disease is sometimes enough to change diet and to increase physical activity, and many of the symptoms may disappear. To treat disease prescribe medications that reduce the resistance of cells to insulin or agents that stimulate the pancreas to secrete insulin.
6
In the case of diabetes type II symptoms may be absent or poorly expressed. Years not to suspect the presence of a disease.
7
If type II diabetes is treated by diet, will be sufficient to measure the sugar once a day. You can do it on an empty stomach or 2 hours after a meal. If you are prescribed tablets, you will need to measure the sugar, 2 times a day - morning on an empty stomach and 2 hours after any meal.
8
The diagnosis can only physician on the basis of the results of the study of the concentration of sugar in the blood. It should be held in a special laboratory.
9
The first blood test for glucose performed on an empty stomach. Then you give the drink a sweet solution (75g of glucose dissolved in 300ml boiled water). Then you measure the sugar after an hour and two hours.
10
The results are deciphered in the following way: if blood, taken on an empty stomach sugar level below 120mg% and in the blood taken after 2 hours, it does not exceed 140мг%, the disease is not confirmed. If the first measurement of sugar above 120mg%, 120 minutes - above 200mg% (11.1 mmol/l), it indicates the presence of diabetes.
Useful advice
At the first suspicion on the occurrence of diabetes need to consult a doctor.
Is the advice useful?
Search