You will need
If you get lost in the daytime, and you have got a watch, you identify the part of the world. The main thing that day was quite Sunny. To start, position the watch horizontally: the easiest option is to put them on the palm. Then turn the watch so that the hour hand was pointing directly at the sun. Now mentally divide in half the angle formed between the hour hand and 12 o'clock (winter time) or hour (for summer). Held an imaginary bisector indicate the direction to the South. For example, if you get lost in the winter, about four o'clock, heading South, the line will pass through figure 2 on the dial of your watch.
If you get lost around noon (at about 13 o'clock daylight time), to determine the location of the cardinal points will be even easier. To do this, stand with your back to the sun and spread your arms out to the sides. Behind you is South, on the front (where the shadow falls) in the North, the left hand will point West and the right East.
Directions also can be determined by the movement of the sun. Early morning – 7 hours – it appears in the East. By 10 a.m. the sun is in the South-East. In the hour of the day (and in winter in the afternoon) it is in the South. In four hours the sun can determine the direction of the South-West, and at seven in the evening light will be in the West. However, in the winter, when the sun rises late and sets early in to the movement East and West can sometimes be problematic.
If you need to determine the part of light night, in this case, you will need a minimum knowledge of astronomy. If the night sky is sufficiently clear, and the stars on it are clearly visible, you will be able to determine the location of the North. For this you will need to find the North star, and mentally draw from it a steep line down to the ground. The resulting point will show you the direction to the North. If you have difficulties finding the North star, first find the constellation URSA major. Pay attention to the stars forming the dipper. More precisely, two of them located on the opposite side from the handle of this ladle. Now mentally measure the distance between the two stars five times set it up from the bucket, continuing these stars formed a line. So you'll find the last star in the handle of the little dipper – Polar. However, this method will only work in the Northern hemisphere.
Ate at the sky the moon is visible, then find the compass will help its position on the sky. To start, determine the phase of the moon: first quarter (growing Crescent moon, "horns" which look to the left), second quarter (full moon) and third quarter (aging Crescent, looking like the letter "C"). If the moon is in first quarter, at 7 p.m. she will be on the South, and in the morning – in the West. Full moon at 7 PM will appear in the East in the morning – in the South, and at 7 am in the West. Waning moon in the morning will show you to the East, and at 7 a.m. –to the South.
Advice 2: How to determine where the North
The ability to determine where is the North without instruments, often helps out the travelers, the lost tourists and mushroom pickers. None of us is immune from that, not to get lost somewhere, this ability to navigate by the cardinal directions are taught in high school.
The easiest way to navigate by compass. The device must be placed on a flat horizontal surface so that the arrow can freely fluctuate. Wait until it stops. Now the blue end of the compass is pointing North, red South. For convenience, define other sides gently rotate the compass so that the blue arrow was showing on the letter N on the scale of the instrument.
On a cloudless night in NorthMr. hemisphere, you can locate the Northand with the help of the Polar star. The North star is the brightest star in the constellation URSA Minor. It is located at the end of the "handle" of the dipper constellation. To find the constellation URSA Minor, the easiest way to find the big dipper the Big dipper and mentally to continue on the right side of the bucket up. You stumble directly into the North star. In the southern hemisphere in the night guided by the southern cross constellation, which points to the North star of her top with some error. To determine more precisely the North, pay attention to the two stars to the left of the southern cross, the North is about halfway between them.
In the forest they can look at the ant hills - it flat side facing South. And the nests are located on the South side of the tree trunk. Rocks, stumps, tree trunks become overgrown with moss, mostly from the Northside.
In the mountains on the southern slopes grow more heat-loving trees than on the Northtion. In our latitudes in the North, which slopes mostly covered fir and spruce, and pines and oaks in the South. Hot summer in conifers in the trunk leaking resin, it stands on the South side of trees.
The way of finding the North star displayed graphically on the flag of Alaska.
Advice 3: How to determine North by the hour
If you find yourself in an emergency situation where you need to know directions, and no compass to help you come to a regular watch. To determine the North in the hours you both day and night, the only condition is that you need to know exactly the position of the sun or moon, although solid clouds may make it difficult to find.
You will need
The day, from 6 am to 6 PM, use the following method. Position the dial so that the hour hand pointed to the sun.
Divide the angle between the hour hand and one on the dial in half. The bisector of the angle will point to the South, and until the hour of the day (13:00) South to the right of the sun, and after an hour left. Accordingly, a beam, extended from the bisector in the opposite direction, point you to the North.
Please note that to determine the North this method is possible only approximately because in different regions the summer lives in that country, ahead of the waist in different ways: for 1-2 hours - that is, noon does not occur at exactly the hour of the day, and between 13:00-14:00. In addition, residents of some of the CIS countries living in standard time, which is ahead of the waist on the hour, so the sun is at the Zenith, not before 14:00.
Night to determine sides of the world, you need a moon. Pre-try to determine at what time the sun would be in the same direction as the moon at the moment.
Mentally divide the disc of the moon (even if not visible to the whole moon) on six horizontal fractions. Determine how many of the parts can be seen at the moment. That is, if you can see only a thin month, concludes that shows one of the six parts, and if the moon is almost full - you can see five of the six shares.
View time at the moment (rounded to the nearest number of hours e.g. 3am). If the moon arrives, that is, see the right part of the disk, add the visible number of shares, if decreases (visible to the left of) – subtract the same amount.
Mark this number on the dial and proceed similarly as when determining the cardinal points by the sun and the clock. Find the angle between figure 1 and the resulting number and divide it in half, the bisector of the acute angle will point to the South. Accordingly, the opposite side is North.
Try to determine the position of the Northand the moon and the clock around, without any calculations. If the moon is in first quarter (the teeth of the sickle, look to the left) – at 19:00 she will be in the South, therefore the North is in the opposite side. At full moon the moon points to the South in the morning. In the last quarter (tines pointing to the right) it will be located in the South at 7 o'clock in the morning. Turn your back to it and right in front of your eyes will be North.
Advice 4: How to determine where North and where South without a compass
A situation in which it is necessary to determine the direction of the North and South poles, in everyday life are extremely rare. However, to know some ways of finding North and South is useful, especially because it is easy, even without a compass.
At lessons of natural Sciences in elementary school talked about the many ways to determine where North is, which way is South without a compass. However, most remember only that on a separate tree the moss grows on the North side. Unfortunately, lost in the woods, for example, very difficult to find a tree standing alone. In addition, the moss it grows quite abundantly, and to discern the exact direction of the North will not work. To the same inaccurate methods include the location of the nests, lichens and most of the thick branches.
A more efficient way to accurately determine the light available on a Sunny day, if you have a watch with hands. Hold them horizontally so that the little hand (hour) is pointing to the sun. The South pole is in the middle of the acute angle between the needle and the 12 on the dial. Accordingly, the opposite side will be North.
At night you can use a method known since ancient times, and to determine the location of the North pole by the stars. To find the North star in the sky find constellation Big dipper (ladle). After spending two rightmost stars of the constellation (forming the wall of the bucket) in a straight line, you will see the North star, which is the end of the handle of the little dipper. The vertical from the pole star to the horizon will give an idea of where North is.
To determine the magnetic poles using the magnet, the saucer with water, and a piece of tube and a conventional needle. Several times swipe the magnet along the needle (thus, you will magnetize it), plug it into the tube and let float in the water. Under the action of magnetic forces, the needle will point at one end to magnetic North and the other South. To understand which of them where, remember that the sun moves from East to West, that is, if you stand facing North, then East must be to the right and West is left.
The North star is not the brightest in the Northern hemisphere, so focus on the little dipper.
Even without a clock arrow to determine side of the world, just knowing what time it is and wondering where should be the hour hand.