Open fracture of the hand can be locked with the naked eye without the use of special equipment. The bone sticks out much and damage the soft tissue, it causes severe bleeding, which often leads to painful shock. Hospitalization should be immediate, otherwise the person may die.
Severe swelling and hematoma bright - a clear sign of fracture of the hand. The hematoma is extensive and very painful and the swelling interferes with the normal operation of the entire hand, especially in the area of the fracture. Any touch causes intolerable pain. If you notice these symptoms, do not waste time - you will still have to visit the surgeon, otherwise it may develop gangrene.
Lower your hand into the icy water. If you notice an obvious blue, it can be judged on the unambiguous presence of a bone fracture. Bruising occurs due to decrease blood flow to the skin, which is very dangerous complications, up to necrosis of the tissues.
In some cases, the temperature rises above 37 degrees. But this happens when joins the inflammatory process. If you have not only the temperature, but all of the above symptoms, contact the trauma Department. You will make the picture and all will become crystal clear. Even the inspection of the surgeon can give a more accurate result than all the experiments on a broken limb at home.
Once you sagipsul hand, you will need about 2 weeks to ensure complete rest of the limb. Sometimes the plaster should be worn a little longer, it all depends on the degree of fragmentation of bones and regeneration of tissues. In particularly difficult cases was put in the hospital and conduct surgery. To contribute to a speedy recovery, eat calcium rich foods or consume special preparations with a content of Ca and D3.
Advice 2 : What to do with a broken arm
A broken arm can be characterised in a complete or partial violation of the integrity of the bone, resulting from mechanical impact. The most common causes of forearm fractures – a fall, a fight, a car accident. Because of this situation, no one is safe, you need to fail to know what to do for fractures of the hand.
How is a hand fracture?
As a rule, fracture of the hand occurs because of mechanical effects on limb: falling on the exposed hand, twisting of limbs or a direct blow. As a result, under the action of one or another damaging factor (or strength) is disturbed the overall integrity of the bone, a bleeding, damaged periosteum. If fragments are displaced, there is additional damage to surrounding tissue.
How do you know that you have a broken arm?
As a rule, fracture of the upper limb is accompanied by its deformation, which is associated with the violation of the integrity of bone structure. The limb bent in an uncharacteristic for her sequence. Violation of the integrity of bone structure also entails a partial or a complete loss of function, however it is not for all types of fractures of the hand.
Signs and symptoms of a fracture of the hands and feet is usually the same: quite a strong and sharp pain at the site of the lesion, soft tissue swelling (increase in volume), hemorrhage, violation of the integrity of the joint or bone shape hands. In some cases, a broken arm becomes too mobile and others can't move at all.
What if a broken arm?
A broken arm is serious business. The injured limb is necessary to try immediately to immobilize. To do so, to shoulder preventives any lock – smooth thin Board, a piece of plywood, sticks. If at hand is nothing, the affected limb should be bandage directly to the body. You need to bandage tightly, but not tight, otherwise you can accidentally passing blood vessels.
If a hand fracture is open, first at the wound with a bandage and protruding bone fragments to fix it is impossible. If possible, the victim as soon as possible to give pain medication and to deliver the person to the hospital. In any case, you cannot transport the injured person without fixing his damaged limbs!
To identify a broken arm, the doctor will ask the victim to move the limb. If all human attempts to do so would be futile, the fracture is identified. An external inspection of the broken arm – that's half the battle. The doctor must confirm the diagnosis with x-ray. You should know and understand that fracture of the hand with timely treatment to the doctor to heal fast enough. The main thing is to prevent complications during treatment.