Advice 1: How to make a rope

Ropes are one of the types of basketry produced by the twisting of individual filaments into a single strand, and the strands in the rope. This type of twisting can achieve the strength of the product, increasing its durability, resistance to various external factors. All this makes the ropes indispensable hunters, sailors and many others.
How to make a rope
Instruction
1
Ropes are used both in agriculture and in manufacturing. In appearance the material ropes are made of natural fibers, synthetic fibers and steel. Ropes made of natural fibers are made not only from cotton but from hemp, jute, flax, sisal. Such ropes are very strong, not only breaking, but also natural, resistant to sunlight and temperature extremes. Therefore, their use in fishing, decorating the interiors, in the construction.
2
For making a simple rope in the home will need a small bench vise, cotton fibers (can use regular thread), a few large nails, a hand drill.
Fix the plumbing in the grip of a large nail.
3
Tie it on the end of the thread. Measure the desired length of the thread, transferring them through the fixed nail.
The opposite end of the bundle of threads fasten on another nail. Strengthen the nail in the head of a drill. Rotating the handle of the drill, spin a bundle of filaments to the right. Try to turn the handle of the drill as evenly as possible. Depends on the quality of your rope.
4
The resulting strand fasten with the two sides of the windings of the filament, set aside. Make the same way several strands. Tie the strands into a bundle, secure them to the nail in the bench press. The other end of the beam again attach the nail into the drill.
5
Now, rotate the drill so that your rope is twisted to the left. This is done to ensure that it is not untwisted. Secure the ends of the rope rope or bundle of threads.

Advice 2 : How to make thread of nettles

Nettle is a valuable fibrous plant, from time immemorial, supplied the human quality raw material for manufacturing strong ropes and various fabrics. Yarn spun from nettle fiber has a high durability and healing properties.
"Urtica dioica (Blüten)". Под лицензией a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 с сайта Викисклада - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Urtica_dioica_(Bl%C3%BCten).jpg#mediaviewer/%D0%A4%D0%B0%D0%B9%D0%BB:Urtica_dioica_(Bl%C3%BCten).jpg
Nettle – so unloved children and gardeners plant called "weed" actually is a valuable source not only for medicinal and cosmetic raw materials, but also the basis for strong, clean yarn. The thread of the nettles allows to obtain a very warm and healing qualities of the canvas.

Harvesting nettle



The best raw material for nettle yarn is plants collected in early spring or late winter. Nature for this time has done some important work: dried stems, patted their winds, tempered by frost. Nettles cut at the base, separate the top and small branches, and then carefully dried at home. Properly dried plant should crackle when you break, and the fiber is easily separated from the solid parts of the stem.

Processing of raw materials



In a well-ventilated area or outdoors you need a good knead, break the dried stalks to release the fibers from all the excess. During the work produced a lot of dust and small waste, so do not want to deal with-runner mills in the urban apartment. Manually grinding the stems can be produced, pre-folded nettles into linen bags or packages – this precaution reduces the amount of dust in the air.

To facilitate the process you can use mechanical devices: cushions for spinning linen from Soviet washing machines; handmade Malki, which is a wooden base with two side walls, the cutouts of which fit the stems of nettle and warm up with a lever, mounted on malke. The result should be soft, durable nettle fiber.

Cleaning fibers from small fragments of stems is achieved by scutching received nettle ground smooth beat with a stick first on weight, then placing it on a flat surface and jolting. After this treatment the obtained com need a good shake and stretch your hands in to remove particles that bond the fibers to each other. The beam Almaty nettles pinch with your fingers and start rubbing as when washing clothes – after this procedure blanks the threads should be clean, silky and soft.

With the ridges future yarn carefully raked and sorted by length into short, medium and long fibres. For making nettle yarn only suitable long panels, called a tow, all the rest are for the manufacture of nonwoven products.

Filament fabrication



For the formation of filament tow is comfortable to hold with the left hand and the right to pull individual fibers and twisting them in one direction, to wind the resulting thread on any subject replacing the spindle: smooth stick, pencil, marker. So the thread is better formed, it is recommended to keep on hand a container of water for wetting fingers in the process.
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