You will need
- Film, tank, developer, fixer, stop solution, distilled water, thermometer, timer.
The first thing you need to get everything you need. Tank for film development, you can search in the attic, probably lying around, because before it could show the film at home yourself. Many photographers use Soviet tanks, but you can buy in a photo shop or order online branded tank, it is more expensive but much more convenient.
You will also need a photochemistry: developer, fixer, stop solution and distilled water. Developer and fixer for black-and-white films are sold in powder form or diluted concentrates. To dilute or dissolve the photochemistry should be guided by the instruction on the can or package. It is best to dilute with distilled water that contains no impurities and salts. But you can take ordinary tap water, boiling water beforehand. As a solution for stop bath you can take very little diluted vinegar or buy brand stop solution.
Now the most interesting: the development process. You need to go into the bathroom or other dark room with access to the water, to warn all the houseof consideration, do not try to turn on the light. Before developing you should bring all photos are the solutions to the desired temperature. In complete darkness unwind the film from the cassette and insert it into the tank. Not to be confused with this, it is best to work out in advance the light with junk film. Loaded with tape, pour the developer.
While developing every minute, the tank must be turned clockwise. Stand the right time, the developer need to drain and pour the stop solution to the development process stopped. Time developing the most important parameters, which need to withstand. The remaining steps in forgiving errors, but not this one.
Then drain the stop solution and pour the fixer. It is better to overdo than to nethergate, otherwise over time, the film will darken or go spots.
After merged, the fixer is to wash the foil with distilled water and hang to dry. Drain fixer and rinsing can be done with the lights on.
The red lamp is needed to blow up and print photos, develop the film must take place in complete darkness!
To learn the necessary duration of development, expand the box of tapes. On the inner side always indicates the time needed for different developers. Fixation time indicated on the package of fixer. Standard for all processes is a temperature of 20°C. the Stop solution is kept for one minute.
Advice 2: How to develop film at home
The process of developing photographic film many people think of costly and complicated. However, to cope with this task can even novice photographer. True enough only to memorize the sequence of actions and a few days to be trained in performing simple operations on old or damaged film.
You will need
- - the tank;
- - fixer;
- - stop solution;
- - distilled water;
- - timer.
The equipment needed to develop film at home conditions, it is possible to buy in shop, order on the Internet or ask friends.
Dilute or dissolve the photochemistry of distilled water, following the instructions on the package or jar.
Use of the solution stop bath or a solution of diluted vinegar.
Bring all futurestory to the required temperature.
Close in the bathroom or any other dark place so as to have access to water and to show the film in home conditions.
Unwind the film from the cassette in total darkness, and then insert it into the tank.
After filling of the film fill the tank with the developer.
About once a minute spin the tank clockwise.
Soak the right time, then drain the contents of the tank and cover for a minute stop solution, designed to stop development process. Please note at the time of development as allowed in this phase error will cause the tape into disrepair (the duration of development and the desired number of developers listed on the inside of the box from the film).
Pour the stop solution and pour into the tank of fixer. Don't be afraid to overdo it, because if the film will be soaked in the fixer right time, over time it is covered with spots or darken.
Rinse the film in distilled water, giving a gentle stream of cold tap water into the tank at least 30 minutes, drain the water and hang the film to dry.
Rinse the film with a special solution to prevent the formation of spots on it, shake it and hang it to dry in a dust place, pulling by means of cargo.
Advice 3: How to paint an old house
If you do not live in the village permanently, and be home in the summer, it hardly makes sense to sheathe the dwelling siding. Paint old house — so save money, and do the easy jobs yourself.
You will need
- • paint;
- • spatula;
- • brushes (wide and narrow);
- • coarse sandpaper;
- • construction tape;
- • brush of metal wires.
Determine the scope of upcoming repairs to calculate the amount of paint. To do this, measure the painted area. It will be equal to the area of the walls from the roof to the Foundation, minus the area of Windows and doors.
Buy paint in a store or on the basis of the building. For exterior painting of walls, you can use alkyd enamel, oil paint, acrylic and alkyd water impregnation. You should choose between alkyd enamel and oil paints, since the aqueous impregnation are better suited for walls, sheathed the new tree. The amount of paint determine by multiplying the value of average consumption (indicated on the Bank) to the area of the painted surface. The resulting number is double because the quality coverage you need to apply at least two coats of paint.
Prepare the walls for painting. Check and if necessary adjust the elements of the old skin, worn out. Using a metal brush clean the surface of the old paint. Remove from the walls of the cleaned husks. Architraves, window frames, doorways sand paper. To prevent the ingress of paint, using masking tape, close the glass wrapping paper or old Newspapers.
Before operation the paint mix thoroughly. Apply it with a wide brush from the top down. To do this you need to drips of paint could be rubbed, avoiding drips. For the first coat use a liquid paint to make it filled in small cracks and pores. After two or three days cover the walls with a second layer of paint.
Tidy up the window frames, cornices, panelco doors. Paint them with narrow hair brush. On cleansed from dirt, the surface apply the paint lighter tones or contrast. When finished, remove the tape and paper off the Windows.
When choosing paint, keep in mind the service life of coatings: oil paint — not more than three years, for alkyd enamel — no more than six years. If the price of alkyd enamel is higher than oil paint, it is still more economical to use alkyd enamel.
Advice 4: How to find the right house
If you're a motorist, using a GPS is the easiest way to find the right house. Just download the detailed map to specify the address and the instrument will take you to that place, selecting the best route. But there are ways to quickly find a home in an unfamiliar place, not having at hand the Navigator
You will need
- Computer with access to the Internet, mobile phone.
Can be purchased at the kiosk or bookstore the traditional paper map of the city. But if you have access to the Internet is easier and more convenient to use the electronic cards. If you want to find any organization, go to her website. Often it lay out a map with the coordinates of the desired buildingand shall provide additional guidance and directions.
If you want to find a residential house or organization that has no website, use the online maps. The most popular: http://maps.yandex.ru and http://maps.google.ru/. Specify the location in the search string in the following format: city, street, number of house. For example: Lipetsk, Tereshkova street, 5. If you want to enjoy a detailed three-dimensional map, created based on images from space, download the application "Google Earth" (Google Earth).
When searching for organizations which you do not know, you can use a free e-guide "2GIS" (http://maps.2gis.ru). Here, putting the city and the name of the institution, you will learn not only the location, but additional information: phone, hours of operation, email, transport routes. Looking for the directory "2GIS" and the usual homeand at the specified address.
Explore the map before you exitthe house from the houseand drawing attention to the nearby large targets. If you are not confident in your memory, it is better to print a map or sketch of the route of the scheme. Another option is just to download "Yandex-maps" on the phone, if it supports such applications. To do this, verify that the correct town is in the list of objects for which the maps. Then on the website http://mobile.yandex.ru/maps enter your mobile number you will receive a link to install the application and follow the instructions.