Advice 1: How to configure the camera "Zenit"

Mirror cameras of "Zenith" was once the ultimate dream for many Soviet photographers. Today they mostly shoot enthusiasts. This is a fully mechanical camera, in which you independently choose the shutter speed and aperture. Some of the cameras can have metering that facilitates the photographer the right choice of parameters.
Instruction
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The difficulty settings of the camera "Zenit" depends on whether he included light meter. This is a special device with a photocell, to measure the amount of light and allows you to set such values of aperture and shutter speed at which you get good light and colour photos. In "Zenith" the exposure meters are of two types: TTL and selenium. Selenium is specific to models E, EM and others. TTL light meter is characterized in that the solar cell is directly in the lens, it is much easier. Determine what the exposure meter is equipped with your camera.
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If your Zenith set the TTL-light metering, be sure to replace the battery, even if it works. As a consequence, the use of old batteries leads to understated values of the exposure meter and overexposed photos. TTL-exposure meter has an indicator directly in the lens. It's a small arrow, which should be exactly in the middle if the exposure settings are perfect. She rises up, when the frame is too light, and lowered when it is dark. Needle shows a value only when you press the shutter button. To check the exposure value, slightly push the shutter button, but not so much that the shutter reacted.
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Setting aperture and shutter speed regulates the amount of light that falls on film. The simplest approach is to set the shutter speed, similar in meaning to the film ISO and the aperture to adjust the exposure meter. This means that if the film has a sensitivity of 100 units, then the shutter speed needs to be 125, 200 units, 250, 400 and 500.
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If selenium exposure meter, you can not pay attention to his testimony. The fact that these solar cells degrade quickly, and since their manufacture ceased long ago, your light meter is also most likely is not working correctly. If you don't possess the practical information on the selection of exposure, it is best to get an external light meter. Putting the shutter speed on the camera to adjust the aperture. If the maximum open aperture, the light meter shows that the light is low, you can set a slower shutter speed (lower shutter speed, so it is longer). If at fully closed diaphragm light is still a lot, the shutter speed has to be reduced. Some modern photographers use the light meter instead of digital "soap".
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When set the capture settings in the exposure meter is not possible, then you can take advantage of the proven recommendations in this regard. Alternatively, you can use the exposure values recommended in the table.
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Experiment. First time use of the film on 12 frames, record shooting settings in which pictures are taken. So you will quickly realize what parameters to set in different conditions, even if you have no light meter that can help. Remember that shutter speed determines the time during which light will affect the film, and the exposure adjusts the amount of light. After trying different settings, you quickly get used to the capabilities of the camera and can take good shots without worrying about shutter speed and aperture.
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When the exposure and shutter speed set, move the focus on the object that you are shooting. This is the easy part settings.

Advice 2: How to set digital camera

If you are tired of shooting in auto mode and you want to run the process, it's time to explore the settings of your cameraand learn to use them. First and foremost you need to familiarize yourself with concepts such as shutter speed, aperture, exposure, ISO, WB, focal length. And most importantly, to understand how and why to use them. In this article you will know the basics.
Instruction
1
You need to start with setting (ISO). This photosensitivity. The most common ISO range is from 100 to 800. When to use a particular value? In Sunny weather, when the subject is well lit, it is better to set the lowest ISO: 100. Then, thanks to sun the object will be beautifully lit and designed, and because of the low photosensitivity of the photo is ringing and clear. If the sun is not really shining bright you can raise ISO to 200. The picture is also very good. But in bright light this value may result in overexposed areas and loss of quality. In gloomy weather or at twilight you should put ISO 400. In the evening – 800 or higher. Note that at high ISO digital noise appears. It makes the picture less attractive, and sometimes spoils the picture.
Select ISO
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Next, you configure the BB, ie white balance. Do not be alarmed. This setting can be easily found even in the most basic digital cameras. You've probably seen settings like "cloudy", "Sunny", "incandescent", "fluorescent light", etc. You should choose one of these settings. In fact, it helps to correctly display the colors in the picture.
Pick BB
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Now we need to determine the method of exposure measurement. It is best to choose matrix metering. Then all the colors in the frame will be more accurately crafted. If you want to bring some creative idea, you can try and spot metering. This feature is only available on SLR cameras. Moreover, the exposure you can adjust. With too dark lighting, you can correct the exposure, and the photo will become lighter. And if too bright – on the contrary it is possible to make the image darker.
Follow the exposition
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There are very few settings before you make your frame. Now we need to determine the exposure. Short exposure will make images more clear, no blur. Than faster moving photographing object, the shorter must be the exposure. However, in the evening you need to use a long exposure for the best details. But care must be taken that the camera did not move (use a tripod) and the subject must also stay still. Otherwise, the frame may be damaged. On the other hand, shooting moving cars in the evening on a long exposure it is very interesting and the photos are unique. In General, experiment.
Adjust the shutter speed
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We now turn to the diaphragm. The more you open it, the lighter it turns out your picture. So it is very important possible lens. In addition to the light transmission aperture is responsible for another important point: depth of field. Aperture remains clear, only the object on which the camera is focused. Background and objects in the foreground will be blurred. This technique is best suited for shooting portraits. For landscape you need to close the aperture as much as possible and set a long exposure (again, need a tripod) so that the whole picture was clear and well developed.
Aperture depends on what and how you are going to remove
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And the last thing we need to adjust is the focal length. This physical characteristic of the lens. Depending on this value we can put in the picture a picture with a larger or smaller angle. It also affects the zoom, if you have a lens with a variable focal length. To set the focal distance by rotating the ring on the lens. If you have a compact camera, use the zoom buttons "+" and "-". So you will find a suitable frame for this focal length. Now you're ready to shoot your first shot with manual settings.
The focal length was set
Note
Setup of the camera is the first thing to do after you picked up a new camera and turned it on. To configure the camera, you need to enter the menu by pressing the appropriate button — it is located at the back of any camera near to the other buttons around the screen.
Useful advice
Like the transient and SLR cameras a compact now also offer automatic control of photo settings. In the beginning of the article specify that it is the same for all settings and the impact they have on the process of photography, and then examine how to properly configure your camera in most typical situations.
Note
Do not have to separately set exposure and shutter speed for each frame. For shooting in the same conditions often enough to correctly set these values once, in the future only by changing the sharpness.
Useful advice
For those who have not yet acquired a Zenith and only plans to do so, it is recommended to choose a model equipped with a TTL exposure meter. This will allow you to quickly understand the exposure setting. At the price of different models of these cameras today are practically the same.
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