The lemon house on the windowsill: use
Lemon has many useful properties. He just saturated with vitamin C, so necessary for the body, 100 grams of fruit it contains about 50 mg. And a lot of other vitamins and minerals. Slices of lemon added to tea, put in salads, bake with them meat and so on. And the leaves emit volatile and purify the air in the room from the germs. The lemon house on the windowsill gave a really delicious fruit, you need to purchase varietal seedlings, because those that are grown from seeds, are bitter and small.
Varieties of potted lemon
Difficulties in growing ornamental lemon trees, the main thing, to get a good seedling. If you want to have great high lemon, buy seedling varieties are Lisbon and Kursk. They grow to 1.5 m and above. The smaller the height of the lemon Pavlovsky, Lunario, Maikop, Villa Franco, etc. It ranges from 1.2-1.5 m And quite low, up to one meter, are Canadian, Genoa, Chinese Dwarf. The latter is a hybrid of lemon and orange and gives delicious fruit. In General, varieties are numerous, so you can ask the consultant at the store to tell us more about a particular plant.
How to plant potted lemon
Bought a seedling planted in the annealed clay pot with a hole in the bottom for ventilation of the roots. The pot should not be glazed. First, take a tank with a volume of 1-2 liters, and then, as the growth of the root system, you will need larger pots. Fill this soil mixture:
• 1 part washed river sand;
• 1 part humus;
• 1 piece of sod land.
On the bottom of the pot don't forget to put broken crocks for drainage, while one crock to cover the hole in the bottom with the convex side up. It is necessary that water not accumulate, but from the hole continuously incoming air.
Put the tree in a place in the room where it will fall filtered sunlight. Lemons don't love direct sunlight and feel good about Windows, but in winter they can be put directly on the window sill.
Room lemon home: care
To room lemon grew well and soon was pleased juicy fragrant fruits, you need you take care of it:
• to transplant.
• protect from pests and diseases.
Room lemon watered to defend water at room temperature. In the winter it is rarely done, usually 1-2 times a week, guided by soil moisture. If the lemon is in a cold room, you need to water it even less frequently – 1-2 times a month. The main thing here, not waterlogged soil, otherwise the roots may rot or starts in the soil to grow mold. Summer watering is carried out 1-2 times per day. Never take cold water especially on a hot day, it can yellow the leaves even fall off. It is important to water. Do it in small portions of water that she soaked the soil.
Since the root system a tree is in a confined space, it quickly picks up from the soil all the nutrients. To avoid "starvation" of lemon, it needs to be fertilized. Regularly feeding at the roots. To do this, buy one of the specially balanced fertilizer for indoor lemons and use them according to instructions. Especially need fertilizing in the spring when the plant becomes active.
Room lemon grows and becomes higher and wider, respectively, and the root system more. The plant is already crowded, and it needs to be transplanted to a larger pot. This is usually every year to a young sapling and after five years – every 3 years. The soil used new, at the bottom of the pot be sure to put drainage.
Diseases and pests of potted lemon
If the plant frequently to fill water, you may see root rot, from which the leaves wilt and gradually die lemon. Root rot is eliminated difficult, so it is better to prevent its occurrence. And for this it is important to monitor soil moisture.
Red spider mite is one of the most common pests of lemon. It manifests itself in the appearance of webs on shoots, then the plant grows poorly and is losing leaves. To get rid of spider mites just for this room spray lemon preparation "Malathion or another insecticide.
Love the indoor lemon: water, fertilize, him, wipe leaves with a damp cloth. And he will answer you profuse flowering and bestow delicious fruits.