Technique of medical abortion is based on the use of drugs instead of surgical intervention. The drug helps to stop the progression of the pregnancy, and medications that are taken in the second phase, stimulate uterine contractions and removed from her ovum. Such an abortion is performed on an outpatient basis on the period of six weeks, it is advisable that the woman remained under medical supervision for several hours after taking the pills.
The harm of medical abortion, is that after taking the drug, possible hormonal disorders in the female body. If the dosage the doctor had been calculated incorrectly, there might be a further development of the pregnancy. Another unfortunate consequence of medical termination of pregnancy – the occurrence of severe bleeding from the uterus, which is very dangerous and requires urgent surgical intervention to conduct curettage of walls of uterine.
The following consequence of tableted abortion may become a severe pain in the abdomen. As such, the termination of pregnancy causes miscarriage, the uterus begins to contract and causes pain. Allergic reaction and high blood pressure relate to the negative consequences after taking the medication. Possible problems in the future with menstrual cycle and subsequent pregnancy.
Besides, there are many contraindications for medical abortion:
- all types of tumors;
- hormonal disorders;
- ectopic pregnancy (suspected it);
- scars on the uterus;
- chronic diseases of internal organs and the violation of their functions;
- medications that reduce blood clotting;
- women smokers older than 35 years.
Advice 2: Can I have an abortion at 12 weeks pregnant
Women faced with an unwanted pregnancy, usually care, until what time you can do abortion and how dangerous is it? After all, abortion is a serious challenge to women's health.
Features of abortion at 12 weeks
As a rule, the artificial termination of pregnancy a women is at the 12 week inclusive, this period is critical. However, medical methods at the end of the first trimester of pregnancy will be ineffective, it is necessary to conduct medical (classic) abortion. The essence of the operation consists in the expansion of the cervix using special instruments and the scraping of the ovum together with the placenta and the endometrium. After surgery on the uterus appears damaged area (scar), who will never recover.
As a rule, the risk of adverse consequences during an abortion increases with gestational age. Because at 12 weeks the fetus has already formed all the vital organs and systems. In this period there is a significant increase in the size of the uterus, increased blood volume and hormonal changes women.
Possible complications of abortion for a longer period
Sometimes the sudden interruption of pregnancy in late first trimester is fraught with serious complications. Some may be caused by failure of hormonal background, which may cause menstrual disorders for a long time.
Surgical intervention threatens to damage of the cervix, as the 12 week of pregnancy, you need an artificial extension. Especially adversely it affects nulliparous women.
The worst consequence of abortion for a longer period may be puncture of the uterine wall. Such trauma can cause severe bleeding, damage to internal organs and peritonitis (inflammation of peritoneum). In this case the inevitable surgical treatment, including amputation of the uterus. Such an outcome, the woman permanently loses its most important function. That's why abortion for a longer period is very dangerous.
Termination of pregnancy after 12 weeks
Abortion after 12 weeks pregnancy is highly undesirable operation that must by all means to avoid. In that period of interruption of pregnancy at a woman's request is not carried out. In this case, to abortion requires serious medical and social indications. If the decision is made, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist and conduct appropriate tests that will help to terminate the pregnancy with minimal consequences.