The most suitable period for transplanting strawberries and strawberry - early autumn, as in September the ground becomes wet. A bed must be prepared in advance. Seedlings leave the strawberry bushes with a well developed root system.
Preparation of the beds. Prepare the garden bed for 2-3 days before planting the bushes. This site perekidyvaetsya and makes fertilizer. One square meter of land will need a bucket of compost or humus. In addition, soil may podzhivit wood ashes, peat or chicken droppings. After this the earth again perekidyvaetsya and aligned. Don't forget to make a layout for future garden beds.
As a rule, transplanted strawberries every 3-4 years. This is due to the peculiarities of this kind of berries. After the first year of planting strawberries do not produce any harvest. On the second and third year is a great time to collect berries. And after the fourth year the yield drops. After that, the old site should be dug, and strawberry bushes transplanted to a new location.
Planting strawberries. If you want after the transplant in the next year to harvest, you will need a two-year strawberry bushes. However, he needs to have a well-developed root system and three to five leaflets. The bushes are dug on the day of the transplant. After that, they should be wetted with warm water, wrap in a cloth and wrap with plastic wrap. Thus you will protect the roots. Before landing the film and the tissue gently removed.
When planting bushes roots gently finish the hole. Please note that the top Bud was not planted too deep. After that, Bush sprinkled the ground, clutching the sapling, and watered a little.
Well, if the strawberries you plant calendula, garlic, beans, beans or peas. They have a positive effect on the development of the root system. You have a good harvest!
Advice 2 : How to transplant strawberries Victoria
The strawberries refers to intensive cultures. Usually a good fruiting observed the first three years, then the number and quality of berries will decrease their flavor to deteriorate and the number of pests and diseases will increase. The problem can be solved, respecting the rules of crop rotation and periodically updating the plantation.
"Victoria," transplanted in the spring – before flowering, or in early autumn. If you are planning a spring planting, prepare the soil in the fall. If planting will occur early in the fall, preparing the garden bed in June.
It is best to grow wild strawberries in the beds where it grew onions, carrots, parsley, radishes, lettuce, beets, dill, garlic. If you plant strawberries after the eggplants, potatoes, peppers, cabbage or cucumbers, there is a danger of decay and the emergence of viral diseases.
For planting strawberries choose a well-lit place. Shade from trees or buildings is unacceptable. The ground for Viktoria required slightly acidic and loamy. If the place for planting wetlands, it is necessary to drain. On highly acidic soils is a pre-liming. For planting selected areas, protected from the wind, or in winter, strawberries can freeze solid.
Dug up on ridge made organic fertilizers – about 3-4 buckets of compost or compost per 1 square meter Of mineral fertilizers for planting of strawberries is used, potassium salt, ammonium nitrate and superphosphate.
"Victoria" it is best to transplant on a cloudy day, so the hot sun burned plant. Rooted young rosettes should be dug out of the ground and trim the whip on which they grow. The ground with the roots have to shake and trim a quarter lengths.
When planting the roots of strawberries dipped in a special mash – a mixture of clay, water and manure. Plants are planted at the distance of 30 cm from each other. Between the rows at a distance of 70 cm. the growing Point of young plants should be located at ground level.
After the transplant the strawberries well watered and mulch the soil. Mulching is suitable peat, sawdust regular or special mulch material. If the weather is dry, Victoria need to be watered in a day – about 1 litre per Bush. The plot regularly removed weeds and loose soil. In winter, young bushes should cover with leaves or straw.
"Victoria" – one of the varieties of the strawberry. The variety is characterized by cold resistance, resistance to diseases and pests. The berries of this variety are large, have a rich taste.
If the seedling purchase, it is necessary to disinfect, avoid bringing pathogens to your area. For disinfection of bushes before planting, are dipped in water with a temperature of 46оС for 15 minutes, then in cold water for 10 minutes.
Advice 3 : How to transplant Victoria
Victoria is the most popular berry in suburban areas. For a good harvest every year you should repot the plant. After all, the old bushes just cease to bear fruit.
You will need
- Strawberry mustache, soil soil, water, fertilizer, and small garden trowel.
The strawberries made to transplant every three to four years. It is for such a period, berry manages to give the maximum amount of harvest. After four years, the intensity of fruiting falls, the bushes are weakened, the berries are small and not sweet. Is the so-called degeneration of the strawberry. If you notice these signs, then it's time to update the strawberries and the place where it grows.
Replant only those shrubs, whose age does not exceed two years. Older Victoria will not produce a good harvest, even if you transplant it to a new location. Before transplanting, examine the Bush: he should be healthy and undamaged. It is desirable that the upper shoots were strong, and the root system developed. The time of year to transplant does not matter. In the spring replant Victoria, which you could grow in winter in pots. And in the fall replant the young strawberry, which is formed from the tendrils of the old plants.
For transplantation will suit a calm and cloudy day without wind and rain. Good predecessors strawberries, legumes, cereals and onion culture. Before transplanting, dig the ground and make one of the following fertilizers, compost, humus, or chicken manure. Rate for one square meter: bucket any fertilizer. You can also add superphosphate and potash fertilizers. Then flatten the soil well and remove lumps. The day before the planting of strawberries cover the ground.
Prepare holes at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other. Even when the plants grow, they should not interfere with each other. Lowering the shrub into the hole, ensure that the growing point remained on the soil surface. Otherwise, the plant may die. Check the spelling of penetration so not much pull for shoots, if Bush remains in the ground, then everything is fine. After the transplant, moderately pour Victoria. Do not overdo it, as excessive watering bushes can rot.
Some time after transplant put under every Bush Victoria a little wood ash. This will serve as a protection from pests and diseases. In addition, the soil can be sprinkled with sawdust: they will act as mulch material. Don't dig up the strawberries for transplanting in advance, as the roots can obotrite, then they just get dry. To preserve the roots, don't remove the ground and just sprinkle with water and place in plastic.
For planting Victoria choose only well-lit place.
Do not replant strawberries in the place where previously grown cucumbers, cabbage or potatoes.