Advice 1: How to insert a zipper dog

It is a shame, when there is a product with zipper and dog (runner) on it. Dog may be off the rails, to get lost or to be broken. Very often a product with a lightning without dogs are in the Studio. Master in its place sewing new, or changes to the old dog. Try to understand how you can replace a dog in the home.
How to insert a zipper dog
You will need
  • Pliers, new or native dog, thread, needle.
Instruction
1
If the flash is detachable and the dog just jumped and left you in the hand, pass it from the top to the other side where there is a limiter plug with socket. The slider should go flat side down. Doggy easily slides on the links.
2
If the dog is lost or broken, in use, purchase a new runner. This can help the seller. He lightning will pick up any room of the runner.If zip one-piece or sold by the meter, buy as many runners as you need. For example, the cases often put two runner sliding towards each other.
3
Look closely at the other side of the tape where they put the slider. On top of the rail is likely to come off the limiter. He holds the pawl in the upper position. If the limiter is moved, adjust it using the pliers so that the dog popped up again. If the limiter is lost, make the tack with a needle and thread. The clip run over the edge of the braid several times. She will again come off the runner.
4
In the case of all-in-one zip, a bit, disconnect the ends of the rail and insert each in the dog. Gently move down the slider. It will go with the effort. Do not overdo it with the pressure force so as not to spoil the tracks.If the runner despite the efforts won't move, slightly straighten the cuts on the dog (where the rails are inserted). Slide the dog down and retighten the slotted pliers to their original state.
Note
When buying a dog, pay attention to the number and title. Runners vary depending on the type of lightning, tractor, metal or twisted.
Useful advice
Zipper with oiled or lost teeth must be replaced.

Too tight or badly hung zipper can be adjusted, turn the pliers to the thumb.

Advice 2: How to insert the slider in the zipper

The zipper is very convenient, but in the process of its use, many face a problem when the jacket or blazer breaks the sliderand zipper stops to button. Do not hurry to get upset and throw a thing, because it can be easily revived by replacing the slider. This operation is not time consuming and easy to perform.
How to insert the slider in the zipper
You will need
  • Pliers, awl or nail clippers
Instruction
1
Take the pliers, an awl or scissors (whichever is at hand) and very gently remove the restrictive brace located at the top and bottom of the zipper.
2
Remove the faulty slider and note its markings, written on the back surface. To repair it is not necessary to use the sliders from the old lightning, because a breakdown can happen again. Better to buy a new runner in a fabric store, in the Department of accessories, together with a restrictive brace that will not allow the slider to fly with the lightning.
3
Grab the slider and start to insert the first left and then the right half of the zipper. Ensure both sides entered the slider to the limit.
4
Gently but firmly hold the edge of the zipper with one hand while the other gently push the runner forward. If you're doing it right, the runner will easily fit in the "teeth" of the zipper.
5
To the place where once stood the old restrictive brace, put on a new one. Be careful not to break the limiter clamp pliers.
6
Check the efficiency of a runner several times buttoned and unbuttoned with the zipper. If the slider effortlessly "glides" along the zipper, the operation of repairing your favorite things is successful.
Useful advice
Getting the slider instead of the old, take a few pieces in reserve, because their cost is small, and they can be useful at any time.

If there is a desire to extend the service life of lightning, after each wash, apply on its surface a wax or ordinary candle. In this case, the probability that lightning will present you with unpleasant surprises is greatly reduced.

If you replace the slider in the home you failed, don't worry. Contact any workshop on repair of clothes, or sewing Studio, and there will definitely help to solve the current problem.

Advice 3: How to change the dog zip

It is often that fails the dog on the zipper. If you are not confident in your abilities, you better go to a Studio. There you can either sew a new zipper, or replace the slider. But you can cope with this problem independently.
How to change the dog zip
You will need
  • - pliers;
  • - threads;
  • - needles;
  • - new runner or old, if he just jumped, not deformed.
Instruction
1
In that case, if the zipper on the product split, and the dog jumped because I lost the Rev limiter, then just put her in her place. Pass it on, the dog should go down the flat side. Then replace the stopper.
2
If the dog is deformed or lost, then you need to buy a new one. It is better not to use the old runner, since the manipulation of the pliers, it may break, and in any case, after a while history will repeat itself, and even the faulty slider can damage the zipper teeth.
3
Buying the slider, you need to select it by number, which is located on the product. Also pay attention to the type of lightning to which it is suitable. The lightning are separable, and the type of tractor teeth, and metal twisted.
4
Vdev dog with a zipper, see if the top stop. Often the problem is that he's lost, or moved, or deformed, and this dog lightning jumps. It must be secured to prevent a repetition of this situation.
5
Squeeze it with pliers, just be careful not to break it. You can replace it with a new one, but you can use a needle and thread. Just take a few stitches with the needle right over the edge. It will not give the dog to come off the zipper, however, is not suitable for each garment. If lightning is in sight, then the stitches will be evident.
6
If lightning where you need to replace the dog, permanently, then you need to act a little differently. Free end zippers, it is often stitched, so a little strut line. Connecting remove the limiter, and then gently insert each part of the zipper in a dog.
7
Slowly, without jerks, move the slider. Zipper needs to zip up. Then you need to be careful the zipper teeth do not run on top of each other, otherwise you'll have to redo everything. Sometimes the dog moves with difficulty, that's fine, keep her, smoothly and slowly.
8
When the zipper is "secure", secure with thread the zipper at the bottom, so it does not become disconnected. Then test the zipper. A few times opening and closing it.

Advice 4: How to insert a zipper

Lightning is a very common clasp, it allows you to make any thing easy. Insert the zipper in the pants or jacket in several ways, but most convenient to start sewing after stitching or basting the seam - edges will be more smooth and neat.
How to insert a zipper
You will need
  • - lightning;
  • needle;
  • - threads;
  • - sewing machine;
  • - iron
  • - a pair of scissors.
Instruction
1
First, sew a seam, where in the future there will be lightning. Note that in the further part of this seam will have to unpick, so choose the largest stitch length. Frayed edges and Ratatouille seam that is smooth, lay the edge in different directions.
2
Attach the zipper to the seam from the inside, facedown. Take your needle and thread and baste the zipper slanted stitches (that it would not move). Ensure that the center of the zipper coincided with the seam.
3
Sew a zipper on a typewriter, trying to keep the seam was perfectly smooth. Because this seam is visible on the face, in many respects it will depend on the overall impression of your work. Start the seam from the edge of the fabric, sew along one side, then expand the product at an angle 90⁰, sew the zipper down, turn again and stitch along the second side.
4
Remove the basting and strut side seam at the location of the zipper. Check to see if everything was okay, exactly whether the zipper will be sewn. Open it.
5
If you plan to sew the facing at the edge of the product, attach it to the front side and sew her butt along the zipper. Then slightly move the seam so that it was a millimeter inside. Stitch the facing around the perimeter and oblacite edge. If the facing you are treating the neck or another part curved, cut edge without reaching 2-3 mm to the seam.
6
Remove the detail of the piping, pin-pin and priutyuzhte. If necessary, fix the facing and the zipper in one seam (depending on model requirements).
7
When sewing a hidden zipper after stitching the seam and resoluzione remove the product inside out and attach the zipper so that the teeth was exactly in the seam. Baste the zipper to the seam allowance (not through!). After primerki check if it's even has a zipper if there are bumps and swellings. In this case, do not be lazy and redo.
8
Sew a hidden zipper with a special foot that allows you to lock the toothed part of the zipper. If the legs no, act normal, but when sewing to hold the spiral in the chair, trying to stick to smooth the seam line. Definitely pretrazivace both sides of the zipper in one direction – from the edge of the product by the end of the section.

Advice 5: How to put the dog on the zipper

If the zipper on your favorite bag or cloak began to disperse or flew the "dog" (runner) – do not need to alter the entire thing and give it in for repair. You can try to put "dog" on their own, the complexity of this task depends on the density of the zipper teeth and the method of sewing.
How to put the dog on the zipper
You will need
  • - "dog" (runner);
  • needle;
  • the thread in the color of the zipper or clothing;
  • - sewing machine;
  • - scissors;
  • - pliers or pliers;
  • - flat-head screwdriver.
Instruction
1
First, pick a "dog" to fit the zipper. To do this, take an old broken slider and inspect it – on the back side you will see the number. Buy or pick up a runner with the same number. You can use old fashioned with zippers "dog", if it is in good condition.
2
To put "dog" with a zipper closed with one hand, remove the clip connecting the two textile tapes. Using a flat screwdriver or pliers carefully bend the curved teeth, trying not to break them, and remove the bracket.
3
Connect the halves of the zipper with a closed hand and gently pass the "dog". To make it easier to udavalas, you can very carefully widen the hole in the center with a screwdriver. Ensure that the teeth are bonded symmetrically.
4
Slide the slider up again to check the symmetry and fasten the two pieces of the zipper with a few stitches in place of mounting bracket, then secure it in the same place. If zipper buckle unravels to squeeze the middle with pliers or locking pliers.
5
To put the slider in a detachable zipper, fold back limiting the bracket to the top of one of the ribbons. Just remove the bracket with only one tape – the one on the opposite end is equipped with a special socket.
6
Pass the runner at the tape and fix the limiter back. For reliability, you can stitch in this place with a few stitches, select the thread to the fabric color.
7
If possible, remove the bracket from the end of the zipper (for example, the end of the zipper is neatly sewn in the product and rip it is not possible), try to do so. On the ribbon, open a plastic (or metal) teeth and try to push the runner inside.
8
In an extreme case, break one of the teeth (closest to edge) and vdev "dog", hit that spot with a few stitches or a metal limiter. If this is not done, the slider every time to go arrived at the destination.

Advice 6: How much energy is in lightning

Lightning has long been troubled and frightened people with its unpredictability, beauty and terrible destructive power. As soon as it became clear the electrical nature of this phenomenon, the question arose whether it was possible to "catch" and use it for peaceful purposes, and, in General, how much energy is in one lightning.
Lightning, Arizona, USA

The calculation of the energy of lightning


According to studies, the maximum voltage of a lightning discharge is 50 million volts, and the current can be up to 100 thousand amps. However, the calculation of the energy content of the normal discharge is better to take the average data - difference of potential of 20 million volts and a current of 20 thousand amps.

During a lightning discharge, the potential drops to zero, so to determine the correct power of lightning discharge voltage should be divided by 2. Next you need to multiply the voltage of the electrical power obtained by the average power of lightning discharge, 200 million kilowatts.

It is known that the average discharge lasts about 0.001 second, so the power should be divided by 1000. To get more familiar data, you can divide the result by 3600 (seconds in hour) - get a 55,5 kW.h. It will be interesting to calculate the cost of this energy, at a price of 3 rubles per kW.h. it will be of 166.7 rubles.

Is it possible to tame the lightning?


The average frequency of lightning strikes in Russia - about 2-4 per square kilometer. Given that thunderstorms occur everywhere, for their "trap" will require a large amount of lightning rods. As energy source can only be considered a discharge between the charged cloud and the ground.

For the collection of electricity will also need a high-voltage large capacitors, transformers, stabilizing voltage. Such equipment is quite expensive, and there have been several calculations demonstrating the inefficiency and unprofitability of such method of obtaining energy.

The reason for low efficiency lies primarily in the nature of lightning: when the spark discharge most of the energy is spent on heating of the air and the lightning rod. In addition, the station will operate only in the summer, and even then not every day.

The riddle of ball lightning


Sometimes during a thunderstorm appears unusual ball lightning. It glows brightly or dimly, on average, as a 100-watt bulb and has a yellowish or reddish hue, slow moving, often flies into the room. The size of the sphere or of an ellipse varies from a few centimeters to 2-3 meters, but the average is 15-30 cm

Despite a careful study of this phenomenon, its nature is still not clear. During a thunderstorm, people and objects are charged positively, and the fact that the fireball passes them by, talking about its positive charge. To the negatively charged items she is attracted and may even explode.

Ball lightning appears due to the energy of a conventional zipper, on the spot of its fracture, of a split or at the point of impact. There are two hypotheses of its physical nature: the first is that it gets energy from the outside constantly and due to this it lives for some time. Proponents of the hypothesis believe that the lightning becomes an independent entity after the occurrence and maintains shape due to the resulting from an ordinary lightning energy. To calculate the energy of ball lightning could not be anyone else.
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