No matter how sad, but to learn about it yourself, you will not be able. In our country there is no single database where you can indicate the name of the person and mark the presence or the absence of debt on the loan. This type of information usually considered confidential and inaccessible to prying eyes.
You can contact the Bureau of creditstories of data, but guarantees that the information they have is reliable - no. This is because not all banks send to credit bureaus information about their debtors.
If you lose your passport, immediately report it to the police to protect themselves in the future.
Make sure that the police have registered your appeal in the Book of records of incidents or in the logbook information, and you is issued with a registration number which confirms your application. This will take you to the suspicion of fraud.