Advice 1: How to write the abstract to the article

Every person in everyday life, the abstract reads: a work of art, scientific work, article. Any annotation is a brief description disclosing the most basic text. The purpose of any abstract is to convince the person to read the article.
How to write the abstract to the article
Annotation to the paper should meet the following requirements.

While preparing the annotations do not retell the text, your task is to interest the reader. Completely eliminate his personal opinion about the article.

For you, the article may be very interesting, not for others and Vice versa. Do not quote the article. Write accessible and understandable language for any audience. Do not use complex sentences.
Do not use information that is not relevant to the topic of the article. Eliminate from the text of the abstract the well-known facts.
Specify which circle of readers will be interested in this article. If the article contains illustrations, please indicate this in the abstract.
Depending on the nature of the article – scientific, artistic, for use in annotations appropriate style of presentation.

Before writing the abstract to the article, read the article.
Your abstract should give an idea about what this article.

Tell us what the subject of this article and what conclusions were reached, or what is the problem raised by the author.
Use the verbs: examines, investigates, analyzes.

Annotations to the articles should be brief (no more than 5 sentences.
Approximate structure of the abstract.

1. The author's name, article title.

2. In the article...

3. The feature of this article...

4. The author suggests...

5. The author concludes...

After reading your abstract, the reader decides to read the article or take it to your note.

Advice 2: How to write a abstract for scientific paper

At existing in modern science rules each scientific article for publication must be accompanied by a brief annotation. Typically, the preparation of annotations of the editorial staff of the publishers are not engaged in, and therefore this work falls on the shoulders of the authors. If you want to write and publish in scientific journals your articles, you should also be able to make annotations to them.
How to write a abstract for scientific paper
The first thing you should firmly remember: the abstract is a brief characteristics of the printed work, not its paraphrase. The main purpose of any abstract is to give a potential reader an idea about the content of the article. The abstract should clearly explain what it is about this work and how it can be interesting to the reader.
Starting to write the resume, do not try to squeeze into it a fragment of the text of the main article. Your task is to briefly and accurately Express its essence. Don't forget that the abstract should not be lengthy. Its optimal amount is one third-half of a sheet of A4, typed in 12 point. That is about 500-1000 characters without a space.
Annotation the easiest way to make on the basis of the four universal questions: "Who?" "What?" "What?", "For whom?". That is, in the abstract you should explain who the author is and what the level of his professional qualifications, what is work, what its internal content, for whom it can be interesting or useful. In the abstract to a scientific article describe the main idea presented in this work.
Keep in mind that in the abstract to a scientific article, need to mention sources used in work to describe the process of writing the article or to retell the content of individual paragraphs. Abstract – it is simply a feature article that allows you to create on her overall impression. Accordingly, the abstract should be objective and contain facts only.
During the writing of the annotations pay special attention to your writing style. Try to avoid long and complex sentences. Your thoughts must be stated more briefly and clearly, since this was the style of presentation facilitates reading comprehension. Also keep in mind that scientific articles are never written in the first person, so the annotations should not be expressions such as "in my work", "I believe", "my scientific position", etc. the same applies to cases where you write annotation on other people's articles. The text should be as impersonal and objective.
Useful advice
Try not to overload the abstract and highly specialized terms, even if the article they are used in large quantities. A good abstract should be understandable to anyone, even not a specialist in this particular science.
Is the advice useful?