Advice 2: How to pollinate cucumbers in the home
Is it possible to grow cucumbers at home?
Many keen gardeners can't resist in order to grow in the winter in the home not only chives and parsley, but fresh cucumbers. Actually it's quite easy, you only need to select the appropriate variety or hybrid cucumbers.
Plant cucumbers to grow on the dialog, since mid-January, when the use of illumination for 10-12 hours a day.
For sowing cucumber seeds need to be soaked for a few hours for better germination. Prepare the pots for planting, with a diameter of not less than 15 cm Because the cucumbers really can not tolerate a transplant, they need to be immediately planted in a permanent place. Seedlings of cucumbers are demanding to light, in low light they stretch out, fade, become weak and did not gain color. A good harvest from them is not worth waiting, so be careful with additional lighting: place over the seedling lamp with fluorescent lamp and provide light for 10-12 hours.
Your Pets will thank you with rapid growth, active flowering and fruiting. To support extending the whip, think, and do trellis. After the appearance of the third true leaf of the plant should be pinched, it will accelerate the appearance of female flowers and fruitage. Don't forget about dressing – double-universal application of mineral fertilizer, with a break of a month.
How to pollinate cucumbers, growing home
More other varieties to grow on a window, balcony or loggia suitable parthenocarpic hybrids of cucumber, i.e., do not require pollination. These include the "Zozulya", "April", "Manul". From conventional varieties of these hybrids are distinguished by a large number of female flowers, from which, after prosperity begins to develop a cucumber. They are quite resistant to changes in ambient temperature. However, bee pollinating varieties can be grown at home, although it will require more time and attention to their Pets.
For growing at home use of self-pollinated parthenocarpic hybrids resistant to adverse conditions.
To artificially pollinate the cucumbers, require to carefully observe the flowering: you need to learn to distinguish male flowers (barren flowers) of the female. Women's ovaries are visible to the naked eye: a flower blooms on a small green seal, resembling the cucumber. Your task is to transfer pollen from the male flower to the female and pollinate it. Tear shell, tear off the petals to stamen was open. Then touch it to the pistil in the female ovaries. To be sure, repeat the action several times, but carefully, not a bummer ovary. If pollination was successful, the ovary will begin to grow in size, if pollination did not happen – it will fall off. It is best to pollination in the morning hours.
Advice 3: How to grow cucumbers on a balcony
- - self-pollinating cucumber seeds;
- - the ground;
- - capacity for planting;
- - filtered paper;
- - mineral fertilizers.
Advice 4: When to plant cucumbers
Cucumbers are heat – loving plants, so the time of planting seeds or seedlings in the soil depend on specific climatic conditions. The later receding winter, the longer it takes to warm up the earth. Obviously, if in may only finishes off the snow, nor any plantings of speech can not be.
In order to successfully bushes grew, they appeared the flowers, and ovaries, the required temperature is above 15 degrees Celsius. Ground freezing also should be absent, otherwise the seeds just won't germinate.
In the middle zone in a soil cucumber seeds in a dry form can be planted in late may by planting during the week. You can plant cucumbers and later, the summer long, and they will have time to grow, but the harvest in this case is going to have closer to August.
In order to be sure to be sure that the plants will not suffer from possible frosts, it is best to use a covering material. If seeds are to be soaked, it will accelerate the process of their germination and then planted cucumbers in the ground in the fifth of June, not covering them.
What cucumbers to plant – a private matter of the gardener, everyone has their preferences. But it makes sense to pay attention to self-pollinating varieties, which yield does not depend on whether to allow weather conditions to do their work the bees, in time Opalev stalks.
In that case, when to plant cucumbers solved seedlings, sow it in early April. Seed germination depends on their quality, but in General to get strong Bush takes about a month. In the ground got stronger plants appear in early may. But this is only possible in the presence of greenhouses. Without shelter and extra warmth cucumbers in the best case just will not grow until the end of may or beginning of June. Thanks to the seedlings of the harvest will be earlier than when planting seeds.
Advice 5: Why is there no harvest of cucumbers and how to deal with it
Reason # 1 – the pollinators. A large number of varieties of cucumber need the pollinators, mainly bees, which carry pollen grains of different flowers cucumber whip. If the bees cannot cope with this task, the cucumbers will have to pollinate yourself. This can be done with a soft brush or broken blossoms.
In order to avoid such problems, you should pay attention to hybrid varieties of cucumbers, their packaging is marked with F1, they do not require additional fertilization.
Reason # 2 – hot weather. All varieties of cucumbers, whether they pollinated or hybrid, if the air temperature is above 35 degrees, the pollen becomes sterile. This problem is easily avoided by choosing a comfortable time for planting.
Reason # 3 – strong saudinos landings. Follow the instructions about distance between plants indicated on the seed pack. For different varieties, they an individual.
Reason # 4 – waterlogged soil. Cucumbers will feel uncomfortable if waterlogged soil at the time of pollination of plants, this can lead to loss of crops.
Reason # 5 – a large number of nitrogen fertilizers. Increasing doses of nitrogen fertilizers greatly affects the nutritional balance of plants, with the result that they may not bear fruit.