Advice 1: How to pollinate cucumbers

Pollination is a very important step in the process of growing cucumbers. Depending on growing conditions this procedure can be done in two ways. Indoors – cucumbers are pollinated by artificial means, and on the open ground or in greenhouses - bees.
How to pollinate cucumbers
Instruction
1
Before starting artificial pollination, look at the whips of the plant female and male flowers. It is very simple: at the base of the female flower there is a small kind of cucumber, in a male it does not. Remove the whisk from the male flower and touch the back of the hand to check whether the pollen is poured.
2
After that, you can begin pollination, in turn, touching stamens to pistils. After the procedure tear one petal from the female flowers to mark that they are already opylene. Now you just have to wait and watch the plants. Upon successful pollination, the ovary of the fertilized flower gradually begin to increase. If the flower is not fertilized, the ovary will turn yellow and fall off.
3
There is another method of manual pollination. Take a soft brush and apply the pollen on the female flower, first touching the stamens, and then to the stigmas. In conclusion, pollination, cover the flowers with paper caps or pieces of cotton wool. Can also hang on the lash to bright ribbon or label with the details on her grade and date of pollination. This is to ensure that when you harvest you do not accidentally disrupt the fetus. After that delete all bloomed and withered female flowers in the node and two nodes above and below opisannogo. After a few days check increased if the ovary and, if so, remove with the colors of insulators.
4
For pollination of cucumbers grown in the greenhouse, place it in the bee family. As distillation greenhouse cucumbers begins with the end of winter, it must be done in early spring so the bees made cleansing flight. To start, place the bees into an empty heated greenhouse for the flight, and the beginning of flowering move them to the plants.
5
Put the hive on a stand with a height of 40 cm near the side walls of the greenhouse opposite the entrance track. The place must be well lit in the morning. Glass, located behind the hive, dim with plywood. In the warm whiten them with chalk. As soon as the blossoming melliferous plants give the bees the opportunity to fly out of the greenhouse. Make the roof a small window, and the glass around it will whiten with chalk. This will help the bees to better navigate.
6
When warm weather, on one of the exterior walls of a greenhouse do a small round hole. Move the hive and put it to the wall so that the hole coincide with the hole. Since bees can fly in the greenhouse. Some of them will pollinate the cucumbers, and the rest will fly out and gather pollen from honey plants.
Note
The procedure of artificial pollination is best done in the morning or at lunch time. It is very important that humidity was greater than 70%. When low humidity dries out the pollen, and at a higher can become sticky and damp, and it is not suitable for pollination.
Useful advice
To attract bees to the plants you can spray cucumber whip the weak sugar solution. To prepare it, add one teaspoon of sugar per litre of water.

Advice 2: How to pollinate cucumbers in the home

Growing cucumbers in the winter window, insulated balcony or loggia, it is possible without special expense to provide themselves with vitamins and get genuine pleasure from the process.
How to pollinate cucumbers in the home

Is it possible to grow cucumbers at home?



Many keen gardeners can't resist in order to grow in the winter in the home not only chives and parsley, but fresh cucumbers. Actually it's quite easy, you only need to select the appropriate variety or hybrid cucumbers.
Plant cucumbers to grow on the dialog, since mid-January, when the use of illumination for 10-12 hours a day.


For sowing cucumber seeds need to be soaked for a few hours for better germination. Prepare the pots for planting, with a diameter of not less than 15 cm Because the cucumbers really can not tolerate a transplant, they need to be immediately planted in a permanent place. Seedlings of cucumbers are demanding to light, in low light they stretch out, fade, become weak and did not gain color. A good harvest from them is not worth waiting, so be careful with additional lighting: place over the seedling lamp with fluorescent lamp and provide light for 10-12 hours.

Your Pets will thank you with rapid growth, active flowering and fruiting. To support extending the whip, think, and do trellis. After the appearance of the third true leaf of the plant should be pinched, it will accelerate the appearance of female flowers and fruitage. Don't forget about dressing – double-universal application of mineral fertilizer, with a break of a month.

How to pollinate cucumbers, growing home



More other varieties to grow on a window, balcony or loggia suitable parthenocarpic hybrids of cucumber, i.e., do not require pollination. These include the "Zozulya", "April", "Manul". From conventional varieties of these hybrids are distinguished by a large number of female flowers, from which, after prosperity begins to develop a cucumber. They are quite resistant to changes in ambient temperature. However, bee pollinating varieties can be grown at home, although it will require more time and attention to their Pets.
For growing at home use of self-pollinated parthenocarpic hybrids resistant to adverse conditions.


To artificially pollinate the cucumbers, require to carefully observe the flowering: you need to learn to distinguish male flowers (barren flowers) of the female. Women's ovaries are visible to the naked eye: a flower blooms on a small green seal, resembling the cucumber. Your task is to transfer pollen from the male flower to the female and pollinate it. Tear shell, tear off the petals to stamen was open. Then touch it to the pistil in the female ovaries. To be sure, repeat the action several times, but carefully, not a bummer ovary. If pollination was successful, the ovary will begin to grow in size, if pollination did not happen – it will fall off. It is best to pollination in the morning hours.

Advice 3: How to grow cucumbers on a balcony

The perfect solution for those who do not have a country site, but wants to see fresh homemade pickles on your table, can become a vegetable garden on the balcony. In this case, you not only please your loved ones and get delicious crops, grown with their own hands,but turn your balcony into a beautiful green garden.
How to grow cucumbers on a balcony
You will need
  • - self-pollinating cucumber seeds;
  • - the ground;
  • - capacity for planting;
  • - filtered paper;
  • - mineral fertilizers.
Instruction
1
First of all, take care of the seeds. Given the specificity of plant growth and lack of natural lighting, it is better to purchase early-maturing varieties of greenhouse. Choose the seeds self-pollinated, otherwise you will have to pollinate them by hand.
2
Select the place on the balcony where you will plant the seeds. Because cucumber is a thermophilic plant, more suitable room, facing South, South-East or South-West. If the balcony Windows face North, be sure to insulate them, eliminating the draughts and the ingress of cold air to the plant.
3
Plant cucumbers in almost any container except aluminum: from the plastic boxes and ending flower pots. A prerequisite is that the pot should be at least 5 liters per plant and contain a hole for water drainage.
4
As a primer use a mixture of compost, peat and fertile soil in equal proportions. Try every 5-6 kg of soil add one Cup of wood ash or use ready-made fertilizers.
5
Before planting, soak the seeds of cucumbers for 10-12 hours. If you want to speed up germination, the seeds proustite. To do this, take a saucer or shallow dish, place several layers of filter paper, put the seeds on it and cover with another 2-3 layers. Moisten all with water, and with heating to maintain a temperature of about 30 degrees. Please note that the paper should not dry completely. Usually after 2-3 days the seeds will form the spine, which can be planted in the ground.
6
Watering cucumbers need twice a day, morning and evening, supporting the natural moisture. Do not forget about feeding. Fertilize once a week with mineral fertilizers at the rate of 2 tsp in 3 liters of water, increasing this number during fruit formation up to 2 times.
7
Because of the peculiarities of its structure, cucumbers need support. Once the whiskers appeared, attach the stem to the stake or stretched on the ceiling rope.
8
As soon as 10-12 leaves, cut the tops to stimulate the growth of side shoots. After 40-50 days, the cucumbers will bloom, and after 8-11 days from the ovary will be the first fruits.
Note
Easier to grow smooth and dlinnoplodnye hybrids that do not require pollination. Without any additional artificial lighting of cucumber on the windowsill you can grow from the end of February, using backlight for sowing can begin in late December.
Useful advice
And how I want in the cold season to treat yourself to a spring salad of fresh cucumbers! You can certainly use store-bought vegetables, but the taste and aroma of they are very inferior to homemade. So why don't you try to grow room cucumbers? On a cold windowsill lay a Board or piece of izolon, the roots of seedlings are not frozen, and the glass can stick reflective film to enhance light. Growing cucumbers on a balcony only if it is heated.

Advice 4: When to plant cucumbers

Owners of household plots grow different crops and vegetables among which the worthy place is occupied by the cucumbers. Getting a good harvest largely depends on when to plant cucumbers.
When to plant cucumbers



Cucumbers are heat – loving plants, so the time of planting seeds or seedlings in the soil depend on specific climatic conditions. The later receding winter, the longer it takes to warm up the earth. Obviously, if in may only finishes off the snow, nor any plantings of speech can not be.

In order to successfully bushes grew, they appeared the flowers, and ovaries, the required temperature is above 15 degrees Celsius. Ground freezing also should be absent, otherwise the seeds just won't germinate.

In the middle zone in a soil cucumber seeds in a dry form can be planted in late may by planting during the week. You can plant cucumbers and later, the summer long, and they will have time to grow, but the harvest in this case is going to have closer to August.

In order to be sure to be sure that the plants will not suffer from possible frosts, it is best to use a covering material. If seeds are to be soaked, it will accelerate the process of their germination and then planted cucumbers in the ground in the fifth of June, not covering them.

What cucumbers to plant – a private matter of the gardener, everyone has their preferences. But it makes sense to pay attention to self-pollinating varieties, which yield does not depend on whether to allow weather conditions to do their work the bees, in time Opalev stalks.

In that case, when to plant cucumbers solved seedlings, sow it in early April. Seed germination depends on their quality, but in General to get strong Bush takes about a month. In the ground got stronger plants appear in early may. But this is only possible in the presence of greenhouses. Without shelter and extra warmth cucumbers in the best case just will not grow until the end of may or beginning of June. Thanks to the seedlings of the harvest will be earlier than when planting seeds.


Advice 5: Why is there no harvest of cucumbers and how to deal with it

Sometimes, cucumber whip all in bloom, and the ovaries is negligible, that is very bad for the upcoming harvest. In order not to remain without of cucumbers, should be to fight and prevent barren flowers, which appear for a number of reasons.
Why is there no harvest of cucumbers and how to deal with it

Reason # 1 – the pollinators. A large number of varieties of cucumber need the pollinators, mainly bees, which carry pollen grains of different flowers cucumber whip. If the bees cannot cope with this task, the cucumbers will have to pollinate yourself. This can be done with a soft brush or broken blossoms.

In order to avoid such problems, you should pay attention to hybrid varieties of cucumbers, their packaging is marked with F1, they do not require additional fertilization.

 

Reason # 2 – hot weather. All varieties of cucumbers, whether they pollinated or hybrid, if the air temperature is above 35 degrees, the pollen becomes sterile. This problem is easily avoided by choosing a comfortable time for planting.

 

Reason # 3 – strong saudinos landings. Follow the instructions about distance between plants indicated on the seed pack. For different varieties, they an individual.

 

Reason # 4 – waterlogged soil. Cucumbers will feel uncomfortable if waterlogged soil at the time of pollination of plants, this can lead to loss of crops.

 

Reason # 5 – a large number of nitrogen fertilizers. Increasing doses of nitrogen fertilizers greatly affects the nutritional balance of plants, with the result that they may not bear fruit.

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