Advice 1: Free how to insert the teeth

Prosthetics is a quite expensive procedure and not everyone can afford to pay for it. In the framework of social support of the poor absolutely free dentures can be installed in the order of the policy of obligatory medical insurance.
Free how to insert the teeth
You will need
  • - the statement;
  • - passport (birth certificate);
  • - proof of income;
  • - certificate on family composition;
  • - reference from place of residence;
  • - help from the clinic;
  • - medical insurance policy;
  • - the insurance pension certificate;
  • - certificate confirming the right to extraordinary prosthetics.
The departments of social protection of the population are writing to all citizens in need of prosthetic dentistry. For the production of all you need to complete an application, present a certificate of family composition, passport, income certificate of the unified form 2-NDFL for three months for each family member specified in the certificate.
Children under 18 need to submit an application, passport, under 14 years – birth certificate and the passport of one of parents, guardians or legal representatives, a certificate of residence form No. 9 of medical certificate confirming the need for prosthetics. The presence of parents, guardians or legal representatives to the arming of all children up to 14 years.
A free replacement is carried out citizens, recognized as the poor, the income of which per family member does not exceed the subsistence minimum established in the region. Insert dentures for free, you can not often than 1 time in 5 years.
To a free replacement will be given a ticket. To obtain medical assistance must within one month in the clinic, which will be specified in the direction. Installed dentures guarantee, which is valid for 12 months. If during this period of dentures, something happened, the medical Commission will determine whose fault it happened. If the fault of the dentist, you put on new dentures or will make the restoration completely free of charge and out of turn.
Citizens who can not move independently, can put the guardians or social workers.
The prosthetics is made of those supplies, which were allocated funds from the budget. If you suffer from allergic reactions and can't tolerate the dentures of the proposed consumables, based on the decision of the medical Commission you are entitled to pay for supplies you need and the difference in the cost of the installation.
Extraordinary free replacement is carried out at a cancer of the gastrointestinal tract, the presence of malignant diseases of the blood, after radical operations on a gastrointestinal tract, in Oncology of the maxillofacial region, after acute injuries that result in lost teeth.
It is necessary to specify the place of residence in the body of Social protection of the population. Prosthetics free of charge. In Moscow and the Moscow region there is a programme which gives you the right to put free dentures to pensioners, after they reach retirement age.
Useful advice
I have very bad teeth. When really pressed, I went to stomatology. He had a tooth pulled and was told to put in order the mouth should be about 50 Tr (only treatment). Such I have no money(even in installments need 7 Tr a month). Very toil, do not sleep at night, constantly on medication. Podskozhite there is a way to cure teeth FREE(or not expensive). Do not write that I had to brush my teeth.

Advice 2: How to insert the teeth

The aesthetic discomfort of a missing tooth is not the most serious reason to think about prosthetics. In the absence of one or more teeth significantly increases the load on the others, they soon too will require treatment or replacement.
How to insert the teeth
The restoration of a tooth with the help of micro-prosthetics is available if damaged a significant portion of the tooth crown, but the root is in good condition. After the examination, the oral cavity sanation and removal of tooth pulp of the root is made the reference pin-tab and it built up missing part of the tooth, with adjacent crowns are not affected.
Dental implantation is a method in which the jawbone installed a titanium pin and it is worn on the crown of the tooth. The load of the process of chewing food falls on the bone of the jaw, as well as the burden of natural teeth. This eliminates the danger of thinning and reducing the jaw bone volume. During implantation the adjacent teeth are not affected.
Nylon prosthesis is bridges consisting of soft, elastic material. These dentures are attached to adjacent teeth by means of clasps, made of elastic nylon. The installation of such bridges does not require turning the adjacent teeth. The material from which they are made is hypoallergenic and highly aesthetic, due to what is called "invisible." The disadvantage of such prostheses is the elastic deformation during mastication. The load is distributed on the gum and bone tissue beneath it. Is the sagging gums, reducing the volume of the jaw bone.
Installation of dental bridges is made with involvement of the adjacent teeth. Pre-made engraving them, removing the nerve, canal filling, and fit a prosthesis. This design features high reliability and long life.
Clasp prosthesis can be installed in the absence of several teeth in a row on both sides of the jaw and the presence of a healthy to secure. It consists of a metal arc and base, in which is inserted the artificial crown. The prosthesis is attached to the natural teeth by means of clasps or steel hooks. The main load during chewing has on the abutment teeth.
In the absence of the greater part of the teeth on the jaw, can be used plate dentures. They are made of plastic, in which the artificial crown. Such a prosthesis holds the mouth due to the effect of suction to the gums or the palate. The design is durable and reliable.

Advice 3: How much is a tooth

Unfortunately, throughout life, a person can lose teeth. Lots of reasons: poor health, poor nutrition, poor cleanliness, or mechanical action. To get rid of the discomfort associated with missing teeth, to help modern dentistry.
How much is a tooth

Modern methods of replacing teeth

Today there are many ways to get a new tooth. One of the top quality is implanted. This method is operational and embodied under anesthesia. The implant is implanted using a special screw in the jawbone, and the top fits over the crown. This method is recognized as the most durable and reliable: the denture is much stronger than real teeth.

There are two ways of prosthetics with ceramic. Metal-ceramic crown is installed quickly, is natural and makes it easy to chew any food. Cons – durability (shelf-life of about 5-6 years) and trauma located next to the teeth.

To avoid deformation of the natural teeth will help ceramics. This method of prosthesis is fairly new, but already enjoys great popularity. This is due to the beautiful appearance of the crowns, their lightness and high wear resistance.

There are also several types of dentures, which replace the fallen/extracted tooth. Very popular are removable substitutes made of plastic. They are justified in case of loss of teeth in the back of the mouth. However, such prosthesis is short-lived (4-6 months), requires constant cleaning and can be damaged solid food.

Bridge is attached to the neighboring defect teeth. This replacement is convenient, unobtrusive and durable. However, these teeth, acting as a support that require turning and may eventually sway.

Not to worry about the adjacent teeth and the hardness of food allow bugel prosthesis. They have a special "locks" which are mounted in an invisible region. The only negative: they also require cleaning after a meal.

The price issue of prosthetics

Each prosthesis has its price. It includes the implant (if necessary), the crown, the work of a doctor. It is therefore possible to give only an approximate answer to how much it costs to get the tooth fixed.

The most expensive methods – implants and partial dentures. The cost of the first is composed of the implant (around 20000-30000 rubles) and crowns (the price varies from amount of material an average of 10 000-15 000 RUB.). So, to insert the tooth implant will cost from 35 000 RUB the Price of the prosthesis depends on the attachment method. Microsemi will cost from 36 000 rubles, telescopic crowns from 42 000 RUB.

Cheaper will cost bridge denture – from 10,000 to 15,000 RUB About the same price you can meet, choosing ceramics. Its price varies from materials used. Just ceramic crown would cost about 10 000 rubles, While the choice of zirconium oxide or aluminum oxide will have to pay about 5000 rubles 8000 rubles. respectively.

A relatively cheap way to insert a tooth – pick cermets or removable dentures. The initial cost of the first option is about 5500 RUB (material+work). Immediat removable prosthesis is offered at the price of 5000 rubles. But in this case you will have to shell out also a temporary crown (from 1000 RUB).

Advice 4: How to insert the teeth, if you lost them

Teeth, unfortunately, not the strongest organ in our body. If you do not monitor their condition, sooner or later have to think about how to fill gaps in the dentition. Here are some useful tips how to insert teeth and which method of treatment to choose.
How to insert the teeth, if you lost them



Dentures – the most common way. They are of two types: removable and fixed. Removable used, if the row is not left teeth at all, or missing them the most. They look like artificial jaws consist of plastic pink gums, white crowns of the teeth and fastening metal or plastic hooks. It is important that these devices can be mounted even just on the gums, that is no support for them not to. They are therefore inexpensive, but the appearance and comfort leave much to be desired. Dentures can fall out of my mouth, they violate the diction, they have problem to chew food.

The second type of prosthesis is not removable. This includes crowns and bridges, consisting of several crowns. Of course, they are more comfortable and aesthetic. But there is a problem – as the crowns and bridges are just for support. Usually, this own tooth, which is preserved only the root. As a variant of the implant. That is, to restore the whole dentition or the most part they will not fit.

Dental implants

Dental implantation is a kind of a step up from traditional prosthetics. Unlike conventional prosthetics added another detail – the implant or titanium screw which is screwed into the bone. Life it serves as a support for artificial teeth – by the way, this may be as a removable denture and single crown, a dental bridge.

The advantages of the implantation is that it is a more natural option to restore teeth because replaced and crown (top of tooth), and root. That is, the artificial tooth will function as inherent nature. In addition, the prosthesis is securely fastened, it looks very aesthetically pleasing, works exactly like a live tooth that is to chew them without any restrictions.

Of course, many are afraid of the pain, which will have to deal with dental implants. However, rest assured that modern dental implant procedure is no more difficult than treatment or tooth extraction. Install the implant, bone augmentation (required if there is a deficiency caused by the long absence of teeth) – all operations are necessarily conducted under local anesthesia and takes no more than 15-20 minutes. And in some cases from the doctor's office you will be able to come out with a new tooth.

Implants with delayed loading

This is a classic method, carried out in two stages: first the implant is placed into bone by cutting the gums and drilling a hole in the bone for the implant and then the gums sewn up. The implant remains without loading in bone for up to six months for fusion with the bone tissue. After it was fixed, fixed prosthesis, which looks like a natural tooth. In order for the patient was all this time without teeth, secured a temporary structure, usually removable, it holds the adjacent teeth or gums. Thus, you can restore one or all the teeth in the jaw.

Learn more about dental implants with delayed loading (two-step)

Implantation with immediate loading

This technique is more gentle against the patient. Prosthesis is (permanent, non-removable, but lightweight weight) is attached immediately after the implant placement. Themselves implants are "screws" being implanted in a bone puncture through the gums at the pre-modeled plan on the computer, based on 3D computer tomography, so the patient is very fast and simple recovering. Besides, the operation is performed in one step and lasts for 15-20 minutes, without severe injury to the soft tissue and sutures. As a result, you acquire a tooth almost immediately after implantation of the implant. The only caveat: while to chew on this tooth is possible, but we must do it very gently, increasing the pressure of chewing gradually.

Learn more about dental implants with immediate loading

Implantation after tooth extraction

Implants can also be installed simultaneously with the removal of the tooth – that is the root of a live tooth is removed, and the hole is placed into the implant. This is useful because there is no need to traumatize the bone and the gum, but, unfortunately, not always possible to implant the need to prepare for, and removal of teeth mostly occurs extra.

Thus, to insert the teeth is possible using conventional prostheses or implants. And the second option, though more expensive, but it is preferable – from the point of view of aesthetics, functionality and durability. Titanium root replaces the natural one, preventing negative effects on neighboring healthy teeth, which often happens if the lost tooth is not restored.

Advice 5: How to put film in Zenit

The camera is designed to capture color or black-and-white film. Films, usually packaged in a cassette. In order to place the film in the apparatus, it is necessary to open the case back. In the resulting niche to place the film cartridge and to fix it. Scroll multiple frames, you can start shooting.
How to put film in Zenit
Expand the camera rear wall to itself. Gently press the back cover to turn it to the frame. The latch is pull up. Now open the lid.
Remove the tape from cardboard boxes. Make sure that it is in a magazine. Find rewind in the niche for the film and pull her head up. For this fold the lever. In the slot, insert the film cartridge. Lower the head all the way down. The arm will fold back.
Take the filling end which protrudes from the cassette and gently pull it out. If the end defies the film is wound poorly. If everything is in order - pull the end to the edge of the camera. It must be inserted in the groove of the spool - rotating parts at the edge of the nest camera. On the edge of the film are perforations. Make sure that the tooth measuring roller included in these holes. When this happens, manually scroll a little coil. Grip index finger and thumb for her is loose or protruding and turn clockwise. Close the rear cover of the machine.
Find the lever for cocking the shutter. He moves away from the drive frame counter. Turn the lever until it stops in order to cock the shutter. Press the starter button located on the shaft reference frame. When to cock the shutter, the film is advanced one frame. You want to move it to the frame window, only unexposed film, therefore, should be three to cock and lower the shutter.
Find the levels on the limb of the frame counter. Set the value to "On" against the index. Immediately set the value of the film sensitivity. For this speed setting dial and rotate to align with the index located on the camera shield. When there will be a distinct commit, will stop rotating. On this drive located the risks. They help to set intermediate values of film speed, according to the special comparative table.
Comparison Table
If you got a tape with poor wound film, while the shutter will rotate the rewind knob.
Useful advice
The installation of the frame counter produce only with the cocked shutter.
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