Oral contraceptives can solve some problems: inhibit the development of eggs in the ovaries, making it more viscous mucus contained in the cervix, so it becomes impenetrable to sperm, and also prevent the preparation of the uterine mucosa to the attachment of the embryo. In this set of functions pregnancy while taking birth control pills is impossible.
In addition, hormones have a healing effect, so taking them out can women not leading a regular sex life. With the help of pills it is possible to establish the menstrual cycle, resolve PMS, prevent ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids, endometriosis and breast disease, to reduce the risk of cancer of the ovary and endometrium, development of osteoporosis and atherosclerosis. In addition, hormonal therapy has a positive effect on the skin when you have acne, increased greasiness glands and excessive hair growth.
Describes the effects on female body is because oral contraceptives contain synthetic versions of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Their regular intake suppresses the production of hormones creates an artificial menstrual cycle and normalizes the associated processes.
Before, it was recommended after 2 years of taking the pills to take a break of 3-4 months, but this opinion is rather controversial, and many doctors currently reject it. A break from the pill creates the body your stress hormones: synthetic hormones are not available, and there is a system working after a long holiday is getting better immediately. Therefore useful to take birth control pills continuously for several years.
If a woman is planning pregnancy, oral contraception should be discontinued at least 3 months prior to conception. The time required for recovery, the reopening of the ovaries to produce eggs and prepare the uterus for carrying a baby.
Do not forget that the hormonal drugs there are a number of contraindications. In particular, women who smoke after 35 years should move on to other methods of contraception. In addition, tablets are not recommended for women suffering from diabetes, hypertension, thrombosis and thromboembolism, cirrhosis of the liver.
Choosing oral contraceptives as a method of preventing unwanted pregnancy, you should first discuss this with the doctor who will help you choose the right product. Should undergo pelvic examination, ultrasound done of the uterus, adnexa and the breast, get tested for hormone levels, glucose and cholesterol in the blood, to measure blood pressure and need to consult with a therapist and an endocrinologist. 3 months after the beginning of hormonal therapy need to undergo re-examination.
In the absence of side effects and contraindications can you use oral contraceptives for many years, not forgetting 2 times a year, see a gynecologist and 1 year mammologist. It is desirable every year to explore the biochemical composition and clotting of the blood, monitor blood pressure and do an ultrasound of the pelvic organs. If necessary, the doctor may prescribe a more thorough examination and consultation with relevant specialists (endocrinologist, cardiologist, neurologist, etc.).