To compile the genealogy of his family quite independently, without spending a lot of money to pay for the services of a professional historians. It is important to know where to start and which direction to move. The first thing to do is to ask in detail all of the living relatives, especially the older generation about the history of your family. Special attention is paid to the names, dates of birth, death and marriage. It is necessary to record the place of birth and residence, nationality and religious affiliation. Subsequently, these data will help in the recovery of the unknown parts of your family.
Obtained from relatives of oral information, it is best to take the form of detailed stories collected in a notebook or album. Simultaneously with their training, you should collect all available family documents: photographs, letters, diaries, and notes of any formal evidence or reference. Can be useful to literally everyone, even extracts from medical records and referrals for testing.
In order to organize the available information and to visualize the structure of your family, it is best to make a preliminary family tree. Family (genealogical) tree is a schematic representation of intergenerational painting, that is, kinship families in the form of a conditional tree, the roots of which is common ancestor. The trunk consists of the representatives of the main line and branches – a variety of side line. The traditional family tree has always drawn upwards, mimicking the shape of real trees that is not very convenient to subjective perception. Therefore most modern pedigrees schemes do inverted on the top placed the ancestor-founder, and his descendants are next, in descending order.
Today on the Internet there are numerous websites and computer programs that allow you to create a detailed genealogical diagrams. One of the most convenient and popular is Family Tree Builder. It can be downloaded from the developer's site (www.myheritage.com) absolutely for free. The program runs under Windows and provides many opportunities to organize information about the relationships.
The structure of the kind issued in the form of diagrams, will allow you to see what data are still missing for a complete picture. In most cases the oral interviews of relatives used to gather information about family members only up to 3-4th generation, then the memory is failing. If there is a need to find out about his kind more have to turn to archival research. In Russia the basic data about the citizens after the revolution of 1917. recorded in the registry office, and before that in the Church register books. Today all this information can be found in the respective archives. For admission to working in the archive you will need a passport, two photos (if the archive of the regional or Central) and the corresponding statement. The rules of work with documents you will see the archive staff already in place. They will help you choose the right sources.
To gather information about remote ancestors beyond Church registers of births containing information on births, deaths and registration of marriages, may prove useful revision lists. Before the revolution they recorded data about the people belonging to the tax-paying classes – artisans, peasants, petty bourgeois. These documents usually contain information about men, including their surname, name, patronymic, age, place of birth and residence, marital status, information about the presence of children, nationality and property status. All new information, it is better to make built the schema and the data in the form of texts are best made into a separate book or album that could be inherited to their children.
Advice 2: How to find the roots of his name
Every day more and more people are becoming interested in genealogical information of its kind. To know the roots of the surname today is easy, if you create a clear intention.
First, contact your relatives. You can help grandmothers, grandfathers, great-grandmothers, grandparents and other relatives of the older generations. All the information carefully fix it on paper. You can even arrange the facts gathered in the pedigree, two branches of which are your mother and father.
Pay attention to your media names, that is, members of the male sex among relatives. It can also be women, who asked not to change their father's name on her husband's, although this is extremely rare. Watch, perhaps, surname, passing from generation to generation, somehow transformed. Very often such cases are met due to the fact that the Registrar did in fact error in the spelling of his own name when he registered the newborn. For example, instead of "Korobchenko" appeared the entry "Korobchenko".
Take the most ancient names, which you will be able to "dig out", and analyze it. Here you should pay attention to several factors. The name can reflect the type of activity of your ancestors. For example, the option Kolesnikov leads to the assumption that your forefathers were engaged in production of wooden wheels for carts. Other possible variations can be features of appearance, through which was born your last name, for example, Nogin or Glazov. Perhaps your ancient relatives got the nickname that became a surname, because of military rank, noble titles, character traits, longevity, number of children or other signs. Away could appear such namesas Officers, Queens, Zlobin, Starovoytov, NP childless and others.
Seek the help of professionals who spetsializiruyutsya on the study of the origin of names, such as the Society of lovers of Russian history. On the website http://www.olri.ru/ for a small fee you will be able to solve a pressing issue. Can also try your luck on the online http://gendrevo.ru where you will also help to know the roots of their names.