Keep a special calendar or diary, to correctly calculate the length of your menstrual cycle. Mark it the beginning and end of the critical days. For a more complete picture may take a few months of observations. You can also record the days of abundant and scarce selections.
If you want to determine the approximate time of conception of the child, first of all, determine the length of the menstrual cycle. To do this, from the beginning of the last critical days count off seven or fourteen days (time of ovulation), this will be the approximate period from the date of pregnancy.
The duration of the menstrual cycle is counted from the first day of the critical days before the first day of the next minus 1. For example, the menstruation started on the 1st of January following – 28 Jan. Thus, length of menstrual cycle is 27 days. Taking similar notes for several months, you will be able to calculate the average duration and cycle and critical days.
Length of the menstrual cycle in healthy women ranges from 25-30 days, but this number can vary, for example, there are women whose cycle is equal to thirty-two days. If the fluctuations are not more than five or six days, it is considered that girls with regular menstrual cycle. If the difference is more than eight days, the breach is a symptom of any disease.
The duration of the critical days in the range of two to six days. If this period is much shorter or longer, you should seek the advice of a physician. Perhaps this is a symptom of some disorders in the organism, such as hormonal failure. However, it can be your individual characteristic.
Advice 2 : How to count menstruation
The menstrual cycle is regular bleeding from the uterus in women who have reached puberty. Women should follow the regularity of menstruation and the duration of the cycle, this can help with a simple calendar.
Why do I need to count the days of menstruation
In the course of the monthly cycle Mature egg moves through the fallopian tubes to the uterus. If fertilization has occurred, it is removed from the body along with blood and mucous of the uterus. Promote uterine contractions hormones, they cause spasms of the blood vessels. Physiological processes in a woman's body are inextricably linked with the menstrual cycle: the peak occurs during PMS (premenstrual syndrome), and the decline occurs during menstruation. These changes occur even in healthy women: they have a changing body temperature, thyroid activity, structure of the mammary glands, changing breathing and blood pressure. Normally, the first period coming in 12-14 years. Earlier and later menstruation evidence of problems in the body.
Before menstruation, many women suffer mood swings, malaise, irritability.
Women should monitor menstrual cycle for many reasons, for example, that period wasn't a surprise. For women planning pregnancy calendar monthly needto calculate the days favorable for conception. If pregnancy is not included in the plans, this calendar will help it: abstinence during the ovulation period from unprotected sex is one of the safest for women's health contraceptive methods. If a woman is constantly engaged in such a calendar, and watching the cycle duration, delay or early onset of menstruation will not remain without attention. This will allow time to consult a doctor to avoid more serious problems.
How to count menstruation
The best way to keep a menstrual calendar and record the date when it starts bleeding, as this will be the first day of the cycle. When will be marked the dates of two cycles, count the number of days between them. It would be correct to assume, from the day when the first cycle until the day before the next menstruation (inclusive). You also need to fix and finish dates of bleeding. Normal period should last three to seven days.
Ideally, the menstrual cycle corresponds to the moon is 28 days.
On average, the menstrual cycle can last 28-35 days. If periods are coming more often than once in twenty-one days or less than thirty-five days, or their duration is non-standard, it is considered a pathology requiring treatment to a gynecologist. If examinations and tests showed no presence of the disease, may be in breach of the cycle was caused by temporary circumstances. To delay or reduce the time of menstruation can emotional overload, stress, fatigue.
Advice 3 : How much should last the menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycle is the time from the first day of one menstrual period to the beginning of the next. The average cycle lasts 25 to 35 days, all women are different organisms, so the terms are different. The discrepancy between this norm is not always a sign of illness, but it is a reason to go to the doctor.
The duration of the menstrual cycle
Is considered ideal 28-day menstrual cycle, this means that from the beginning of one menstruation to the beginning of another is exactly 28 days. But under the influence of the environment, the health and the reproductive system, the image of a woman's life cycle changes: in some women it is 25 days, others 30 or more. Doctors consider the normal cycle of 21 to 35 days, and if you deviate from this norm it is advisable to get checked by a gynecologist to rule out any disease. If one or two times a year the loop has gone beyond these limits, but not more than ten days, this is normal.
Not always too short or too long cycle indicates the presence of problems, it can be an individual characteristic of women, but it is recommended to do a survey.
The duration of the menstrual cycle can change throughout a woman's life. With age, the change of scenery and lifestyle, disease and other factors, the cycle may become shorter or longer if it is regular, it is not a cause for concern.
Deviations from the norm
In the first year or two after the onset of the first menstrual menstruation cycle in girls irregular, between your periods can take several months, it is normal. In some cases, adolescents cycle too short. Over time, the cycle stabiliziruemost, but if in a few years this did not happen, you need to consult a gynecologist.
The cycle length may vary and go beyond the normal limits after being pregnant or nursing. In women, breastfeeding, menstruation occurs at the end of lactation, and the cycle is restored in a few months. Mixed feeding after 3-4 months after birth appear monthly, but the cycle too, not just becoming a regular.
Changes the duration of the cycle and before menopause, first for a few days, then months. When menstruation is absent for more than a year, there comes a menopause.
Deviation of the duration of menstruation can be associated with inflammation of the genital organs, tumours – myoma, ovarian cyst, endometritis. In some instances congenital disorders in the reproductive system lead to very short or long menstrual cycle. Chronic diseases not directly related to the sexual organs, can also affect menstruation: diabetes mellitus, disorders of the thyroid gland.