If the result of the strong influence of mechanical forces emerged the phenomenon of spinal shock, i.e., depressed motor activity and sensitivity of the body below the injury, this condition requires immediate hospitalization. Call an ambulance and prior to her arrival, do not move the patient. Phenomena injuryand spinal cord can appear again after some time after the injury. They are the result of circulatory disorders of the brain in the region of impact and also require hospital treatment.
After injury in the lumbar back in the kidneys there may be pain, permanent or paroxysmal character similar to renal colic. The pain due to the presence of perinephric hematoma. Urine in such cases contains a large number of red blood cells, which can come from damaged renal vessels. If after the injury he developed pain and blood in the urine, immediately contact your surgeon. Such kidney damage is being treated in a hospital.
In the absence of signs of internal injuries treat injury back all such injuries. In the first hours after the impact, take the prone position and apply ice to the bruised area. These steps are necessary to stop bleeding inside the soft tissues of the back. For more than 30 minutes, the ice can not keep, take breaks between sessions for cooling. Take pain medications.
Swelling in the area of injury increases gradually within 2-3 days. After that, cold to make no longer necessary, however, to restore blood circulation at the site of injury use a heating pad for 30 minutes every 2 hours. Apply place of injury ointment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, at least 4 times a day until the disappearance of edema and pain syndrome. Their active components penetrate deep into the tissues to numb them, relieve swelling and inflammation.
After the 5th day the pain is usually reduced or completely disappear. This period of treatment for restoration of the microcirculation of the soft tissues of the back pass sessions UHF, magnetic therapy or electrophoresis potassium iodide.
Advice 2 : What to do when lower back injury
Lower back injury occurs when the mechanical impact of a blunt object or falling from height. The result is damage not only the surface tissue, and internal organs.
You will need
- - anti-inflammatory drugs;
- - warmer;
- - a cold compress;
- - physiotherapy.
First aid for damage to the lumbar is the examination of the victim. If the fall or reduced physical mobility and lost sensitivity, you should immediately call the ambulance for further hospitalization. In any case it is impossible to prevent an independent movement of the patient.
Injury to the lumbar often accompanied by pain, which is typical for the perirenal hematoma. Due to the fact that in this area are the kidneys, there may be damage to the renal vessels. As a rule, in this case, appear in the urine admixture of blood. Experienced professionals in stationary conditions fairly quickly restore the body with the help of comprehensive treatment.
If there are no signs of damage to any internal organs, a bruised lower back treated at home. It would require a cold compress and giving the patient rest. After a short period of time bleeding into the soft tissues to stop, the pain will decrease. It should be noted that it is impossible to keep the ice more than 30 minutes because there may be freezing of tissues.
In the formation of edema, the damaged area cold compress is no longer needed. In this case it helps a warm heating pad or warming cream that restore circulation and reduce inflammation. Special anti-inflammatory drugs must be rubbed into the lower back at least 4 times a day until complete disappearance of the swelling. The most common and effective tools are "Diclofenac", "Nise", "Ketonal", "Fastum-gel" and others.
After complete removal of pain, it is advisable to undergo a gentle massage and physical therapy. Such procedures allow to recover the motor function of the lumbar spine. But do not get involved with training to prevent complications. In severe injuries of the lower back may be consequences of urinary incontinence or recurrent radicular pain.
If the patient's condition does not improve, new symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor. Perhaps the reasons lie in the existing diseases of the musculoskeletal system or internal organs.
After 3-5 days of pain almost completely disappear. For quick recovery help physiotherapy: electrophoresis, magnet therapy, UHF and others.