Advice 1: How to breed sturgeon

The sturgeon – fish of the sturgeon family. From other representatives of this genus it is distinguished by its size, a narrow nose, long fringe tendrils, reaching the mouth of a two-part lower lip and a contact side michikami. Color of back dark gray or gray-brown, belly white. Usual weight and length of commercial sterlet 0.5-2 kg and 30-65 cm, rarely 3-4 kg and 80-90 cm. of the Marginal life expectancy is 26-27 years.
How to breed sturgeon
Instruction
1
If in your garden there is a pond, then it is necessary to carefully clean and put in order. For lack of it, you can dig up. Size and depth will depend on you. For breeding sturgeon of suitable and conventional pool.
2
For the convenience of cultivation of fish, use special cages. We must not forget that starlet refers to atkritumu fish and during the period of open water comes to the surface for ingestion of required amounts of air. It is best to plant it in open cages.
3
Fill the reservoir of groundwater or rainwater. The oxygen content should be below 5-6 mg/l, and the optimum temperature of 20-22 °C. Periodically, the water must be changed, this procedure should be carried out within twenty five days.
4
Buy grown fry. Must be purchased between may to September. This is best done in special farms involved in breeding of these fish. Such fry will be most resistant to various types of human intervention into their lives and less stressed.
5
Young Ostrikov recommended several times a day to feed Daphnia, larvae of various insects, small crustaceans, and then sinks. Crustaceans constitute the main food and adult sturgeon. Follow the amount of feed it should not be too much.
6
When transferring fish to the wintering place of residence it will take a few days to soaking in five percent salt water. This is necessary in order to destroy all parasites that can along with the fish to get into the wintering pond.
7
In winter, at low temperatures the fish falls asleep. It should provide a state of complete relaxation, as if she is awake, you will begin to spend hand and quickly lose weight.

Advice 2: How to breed sturgeon

Breeding of sturgeon fish is a very profitable business. But to start, which requires large investments, which, as the business development quickly pay for themselves and bring huge profits. For breeding sturgeon fry need to purchase. They are sold in cattery in Tyumen and Krasnodar Krai and stand (depending on size) 15-25 rubles.
How to breed sturgeon
Instruction
1
Sturgeon breeds have the maximum marketable size in 3-4 years. The cost of 1 kg of fish depends on the region of sale and is 1.5-2 thousand rubles. Sell not only the meat of the sturgeon, but also tanned skins, and eggs, that is, almost all goes to the profit.
2
Sturgeon can be bred in natural or artificial reservoirs. To start the fry in the pond should be cleaned by dropping water and mechanical cleaning method. After filling the lake with water, start the clams, worms, and plants for the pond.
3
To buy fingerlings and start them in the pond should be from may until the autumn. In hot weather the fry from the nursery to carry better at night when the temperature drops to the lowest elevations. During transportation care must be taken that the water in the tank in which the fry are transported, not heated.
4
After running into the pond fry, they should be fed properly. The diet should be of the fry small fish of freshwater species and were specially balanced feed. When feeding should follow the recommended packaging dose, depending on the number of fry. Overfeeding harm the fish, as well as with underfeeding.
5
Before the onset of cold weather need to make an artificial capacity for wintering in a warm room.
6
Moving sturgeon in capacity for the winter, you need all the livestock to withstand 5% salt solution for 2-3 days. This will avoid contamination and death of fish during the winter. When wintering in the warmer pond fish gaining weight all year round.
7
If you plan to keep sturgeon in a cold pond during the winter, it limed. The fish needs to provide full rest. In a cold pond sturgeon fish is sleeping and not gaining weight but not losing.
8
In the spring, resume feeding fish.

Advice 3: How to build a pond for breeding fish

If you decide to build your pond for breeding fish, then you just need to know all the details of the device of these reservoirs also do not forget that how you will lay the pond, will envy what fish will be there to dwell.
How to build a pond for breeding fish
Instruction
1
The bottom of the pondand align, holes and low places should not be, their presence leads to waterlogging of the soil.
If the bed of the future pond, as well as its shore there are bushes, trees, stumps or snags, be sure to uninstall all of this with the root, because subsequently they will not interfere with fishing, and will contribute to the growth and sedimentation of the reservoir.
2
If possible, clear waters and groundwater, above the dam, in order to increase the flow of water in your pond.
3
Better to make the pond drain, so it will be easier to catch fish and to process bottom of the pond, the pond's bottom with drain is less susceptible to siltation and waterlogging, provide a larger increase of fish. Reservoirs can vary in their devices in different types of breeding different types of fish.
4
Gully pond, you get the hollows, shallow and dry, and also in shallow ravines. Such reservoirs have a small area, the average depth is about 1.5 meters. The water is well warmed by the sun, the bottom of them muddy, they are filled with vegetation. In gully pondAh breed carp, it is for them the best place. Remember that before you start planting material, the bottom of the reservoir needs to be cleaned and all weed fish to catch.
5
The Park and forest ponds often heavily silted, they require the felling of trees and bushes that grow along the shore, the bottom is also clear from the stumps of driftwood. Before you start using the pond, drain it for a year or two and set it the bottom opening. Ponds of this type are suitable for breeding not just carp, but other fish species.
6
Ponds-reservoirs have a large area and depth. If you build a pond of this type, pay attention to clearing the bottom of the reservoir. Ponds-reservoirs are suitable for breeding carp, pike, sterlet, trout, bream, carp etc.

Advice 4: Breeding fish at home as a business

Breeding fish can be a good business, if you approach the issue responsibly. To begin, you must decide which fish to breed. The population most in demand according to statistics are two varieties: carp and trout.
Breeding fish at home as a business

The choice of fish



Easier to grow carp - they are hardy and undemanding, they fit most bodies of water, if desired, they can be grown even at home. But the trout are more sensitive fish that you want to create in the reservoir certain conditions, can not do without an experienced qualified fishery. Cost of cultivation will be nearly the same, only trout in the markets is three times higher than carp.

If conditions allow, it is possible to breed and carp, and trout. If conditions do not allow, you have to choose one variety.

Today fish farming as a business in great demand. It is a profitable business, because entrepreneurs, fish farmers do not pay VAT, social tax, taxes on profit, they operate on a single agricultural tax.

Optimal conditions



Fish health and their growth depends on temperature, saturation of water with oxygen, equilibrium of a closed biological system, level of acidity. Entrepreneurs should be aware that few by the pond, run back the fish, then catch it and profitable to sell. Fish farming business difficult, because the work comes with a "live food".

Feeding and treatment



The purchase of feed in the fish business is one of the biggest items of expenditure. When growing carp need food, sold at a price of 8-10 rubles per kilo. But for trout, this food is not suitable, because of it the fish is white meat, the demand for it is low. For trout you want to choose high-quality German food, they are worth an average of 0.7 Euro per kilo.

Diseases and epidemics - a major risk. Three times a month it is necessary to make a test capture to see what the gills of fish and the internal organs. If required, it is necessary to timely carry out treatment: give fish medical foods with immune-strengthening medications and antibiotics. If you miss the beginning of the epidemic, all grown livestock can be destroyed.

Economy and economy



If grown trout, then it is better to buy fertilized eggs from further incubation. If you are an inexperienced fish breeder, it is advisable to acquire a landing trout and landing carp. Pounds of trout will cost 250-400 rubles, carp - 60. Written off 10% for losses, surviving fry after 2.5 years released fish weighing from 800g, they can already start selling at a bargain price.

The disadvantage of the fishing business is that the investment pays off long. But you can speed up the process by buying a two-year fish for breeding, it can be fattened for the season.

Features of sales



Here you can face certain problems: competition, lower demand, a complicated relationship with merchants. In 10% of stores have aquariums that are equipped for the sale of live fish. Usually stores have to pay after implementation. Consequently, the payments received after 7-30 days - this can lead to accounts payable.

In General, a novice fish breeder is not recommended immediately to begin building a great business is first to establish the smooth implementation of the fish. And, of course, do not expect to immediately a lot of income.

Advice 5: How to roast sturgeon

Sterlet is the smallest fish of the sturgeon family. Its weight is typically less than 1 kg, so the sturgeon can be cooked whole, for example, bake it in the oven with potatoes and cheese.
How to roast sturgeon
You will need
    • Polukilogrammovy sturgeon;
    • mayonnaise;
    • 1 kg of potatoes;
    • 5 medium tomatoes;
    • 100 g of hard cheese;
    • the bunch of parsley and dill;
    • salt and pepper to taste.
Instruction
1
Prepare the sturgeon for baking. To do this, wash them under running water, remove the ventral, lateral and dorsal fins. Scrape from the skin mucus and rinse again carcass.
2
Make an incision along the belly and remove the innards. Film and vesiga remove with a needle. To remove the gills, you need to cut the head from the bottom. Then gently to cut them off.
3
Now remove the cartilage from the ridge. To the starlet looked intact, make a slit from the abdomen from the inside. Then the cartilage are easily cut. Now fish again wash thoroughly under running water. RUB the sturgeon with salt and pepper inside and out.
4
Wash the vegetables. Peel the potatoes and dice. Tomatoes also cut into rounds. Grate cheese on a coarse grater. Melt the butter.
5
Prepare a baking pan for baking fish. Lubricate the carcass sturgeon melted butter and sprinkle with breadcrumbs. Then put it on a baking sheet.
6
Around lay the potatoes on top of it – mugs of tomatoes. Place baking sheet in the oven. Cooking time is approximately 40 minutes at 180 degrees. 5 minutes before readiness sprinkle the fish with grated cheese.
7
Baked sterlet carefully place on a dish, place the potatoes with the tomatoes and sprinkle with chopped greens.
Note
For food you need to take freshly caught sterlet, in any case is not lost in networks or samolov as sturgeon perishable, and meat produces toxins.
Useful advice
Sterlet meat is very tasty and fragrant. In structure it is tight, it is boneless, white, although this fish is called red.

When cooking sterlet need to remove the vesiga. Spinal chord, located along the spine. If left, during heat treatment it increases, and necessarily comes out, thus spoiling the look of the dish.
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