Advice 1: How to determine the case of participles

Communion is an independent part of speech formed from the verb form. Since the participle is an adjective (particularly the ending), it is often called a variation of the latter. The case of the sacrament is determined by the end and partly on context.
How to determine the case of participles
Instruction
1
Communion short forms have the endings: zero, "a", "o", "s" ("and"). As in the case with the adjective, the short form is only possible in the nominative case: convinced, convinced, convinced, convinced.
2
The full form of the ending "th", "th", "th", "th" and soft options also accompany the nominative case. The sacrament itself answers the question: "what?" "what made?" or similar: covered-up traces, a runaway cat, a broken mirror, silent jury.
3
For the object characteristic endings: "yy" or "wow", "th", "th", "th" or "s" depending on the noun. If it is inanimate, the form coincides with the nominative case, but the context explains: remove the broken mirror, humming to close the tap, to stir up the awakened people.
4
The genitive is determined by the endings "wow" (for masculine and neuter), "th", "th": no frozen water, no deep snow, no falling snow. Possible mild forms of completion. For the plural form, accusative (in some cases), genitive and prepositional cases are the same. For precise definitions please refer to the noun, which depends on the sacrament: dead soldiers – dead soldiers.
5
Dative can be determined by the endings "WMD", "th", "th" and soft options. Please note that in this case the plural form coincides with the masculine singular of the instrumental case: his glowering in the morning – his glowering friends. In this case, the case is determined not only by the ending, but also a noun.
6
The instrumental case is characterized by the endings: "th", "th", "bubbled" and soft options: ALGID fingers, bloodshot eyes. Please note that the feminine form of the genitive, dative, instrumental and prepositional cases are the same. The end, pay attention to the noun: the frozen hands and a frozen hand.
7
For prepositional characteristic of the end of "th", "th", "th". A characteristic feature of this case is that it is not used without a preposition. However, if you find communion with the preposition, not in a hurry: verify the appropriate forms and noun.

Advice 2: How to determine nominative case

The nominative case is the initial dictionary form of nouns, opposed to all the other forms of indirect cases: genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, prepositional. The word in the nominative case is never used with the preposition in the sentence usually performs the syntactic function of subject or the nominal part of compound predicate.
How to determine nominative case
Instruction
1
Identify nominative case of the noun according to the grammatical questions "who?" or "what?". For example, in the sentence "His mother was kindness itself," the word "mother," answers the question "who?" and the word "kindness" − the question "what?".
2
For the nominative caseand the main are subjective and attributive values. In the first case, this form is used to figure performing the action, or the subject to which it is directed. Compare:"a Mother loves a son." The word "mother" denotes a figure."Son love mother." The word "son" denotes animate object on which the action is directed.
3
Define subjective value forms the nominative caseand the syntactic role of subject in the two – part sentence ("the Son of a student, but works") or to be in a one denominative ("Whisper, timid breathing, Nightingale...").
4
Attributive form value nominative caseand is expressed in the composite nominal predicate, or the syntactic construction of the application."The new building is a factory". The word "factory" is a nominal part of the predicate that answers the question "what is the new building?"."Woman doctor invited me into his office." The word "doctor" that answers the question "who?" is an application that performs a syntactic function definition.Please note that nominative caseused in the attributive meaning, gives another name to an object property, quality, attribute, and adverbial values is not peculiar to him.
5
Additional values nominative caseand a noun are: - the estimated value, expressed in the nominal part of the predicate ("He was a good man"); the expression of a temporary sign, related to the past ("At that time was still the groom is her husband"); the informative value of complementary shape, is used as if a proper name ("call Her Olga") and common noun ("He is listed as a guard"). Most often the nominative case is used in this sense in place names ("Then the city was called Petrograd").
Note
In addition to nouns, the category of case have the sloped part of speech: adjective, numeral, participle and pronoun. Define nominative of adjectives and participles on the questions "what? what? what? what?", asked that you define a noun, "how much?" for cardinal numbers, "what number?" for ordinal. Pronouns depending on the category can answer in the nominative case to the questions "who? what?" (I, he), "what? whose?" (some, his own), "how much?" (so much).

Advice 3: Participle as part of speech

A participle is a verb form that has properties of both verb and adjective. From the verb have communion, transitivity, repayment and collateral, and from the adjective – change on cases, numbers and genders, and agreeing with the noun. The participle, as an adjective, refers to the features of the subject.
Participle as part of speech

Grammatical signs of the sacrament



As a special form of the verb the participle has some of the characteristics of this part of speech. They come in perfective and imperfective aspect: "prompt – impel," "to worry about."; recurrent and irrevocable: "decided", "sleep"; and past participle: "think", "running".
Unlike the verb, the participle has no future tense.


Denoting a feature of an object, the participle is like an adjective grammatically dependent on the noun and agrees with it in gender, number and case. For example: "boiling flow boiling flow boiling flow boiling flow; boiling lava, boiling milk".

Types and ways of forming participles



The lexical meaning of the sacrament – a sign of the subject's action consists of the grammatical features of this part of speech. For example: "singing birds" (those who sing now) "singing birds" (those who sang in the past), "discuss the issue" (one that anyone is discussing now), "discussed" (discussed).

Accordingly, in the Russian language there are 4 forms of participles: active present and past tense, passive voice and past participle.

The first group of participles (valid date) are formed from base verbs present with the suffix-usch- (-yusch -)- arg- (-.-). The choice of suffix depends on the verb conjugations. For example: "crying-ut – cry-caus-iy", "Kol-ut – number-yusch-iy" - I conjugation; the "Lech-at – medical-ash-s", "cle-NY – cle-.-iy" – II conjugation.

A valid sacrament in the past tense are formed from the infinitive by replacing the suffixes –Ty, -ti in the suffix –VSH-, -sh-. For example: "run – Beja-VSH-iy", "nes-ti – nes-ø-iy".

Passive present participles are formed from verbs, standing in the present time, with the help of suffixes –em- (I conjugation) and im (II conjugation): "Lele-em – Lele-em-yy", "bless- bless-them-th".

Passive the past participle is formed from the foundations of the indefinite form of the verb with the suffix –NN-if the verbs end in –at, -et. Verbs on –it receives the suffix –Ann-, like verbs in –ish, -CH, and verbs ending in –ot, -ut, - yt-, get the suffix –t-. For example: "write – compl-NN-yy", "occupy-be – zahvat-Ann-yy", "save – read-Ann-yy", "Zaba-be – forgotten t-yy".
Brief communion, as well as short adjectives are in the sentence, the nominal part of a compound nominal predicate.


Passive participles have the short form with truncated endings: -a, -o, -s. For example: "sent, sent-sent-sent-s."
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