Grammatical signs of the sacrament
As a special form of the verb the participle has some of the characteristics of this part of speech. They come in perfective and imperfective aspect: "prompt – impel," "to worry about."; recurrent and irrevocable: "decided", "sleep"; and past participle: "think", "running".
Unlike the verb, the participle has no future tense.
Denoting a feature of an object, the participle is like an adjective grammatically dependent on the noun and agrees with it in gender, number and case. For example: "boiling flow boiling flow boiling flow boiling flow; boiling lava, boiling milk".
Types and ways of forming participles
The lexical meaning of the sacrament – a sign of the subject's action consists of the grammatical features of this part of speech. For example: "singing birds" (those who sing now) "singing birds" (those who sang in the past), "discuss the issue" (one that anyone is discussing now), "discussed" (discussed).
Accordingly, in the Russian language there are 4 forms of participles: active present and past tense, passive voice and past participle.
The first group of participles (valid date) are formed from base verbs present with the suffix-usch- (-yusch -)- arg- (-.-). The choice of suffix depends on the verb conjugations. For example: "crying-ut – cry-caus-iy", "Kol-ut – number-yusch-iy" - I conjugation; the "Lech-at – medical-ash-s", "cle-NY – cle-.-iy" – II conjugation.
A valid sacrament in the past tense are formed from the infinitive by replacing the suffixes –Ty, -ti in the suffix –VSH-, -sh-. For example: "run – Beja-VSH-iy", "nes-ti – nes-ø-iy".
Passive present participles are formed from verbs, standing in the present time, with the help of suffixes –em- (I conjugation) and im (II conjugation): "Lele-em – Lele-em-yy", "bless- bless-them-th".
Passive the past participle is formed from the foundations of the indefinite form of the verb with the suffix –NN-if the verbs end in –at, -et. Verbs on –it receives the suffix –Ann-, like verbs in –ish, -CH, and verbs ending in –ot, -ut, - yt-, get the suffix –t-. For example: "write – compl-NN-yy", "occupy-be – zahvat-Ann-yy", "save – read-Ann-yy", "Zaba-be – forgotten t-yy".
Brief communion, as well as short adjectives are in the sentence, the nominal part of a compound nominal predicate.
Passive participles have the short form with truncated endings: -a, -o, -s. For example: "sent, sent-sent-sent-s."